Archibald Malcolm (Archie) Matheson was a Canadian politician who represented Vegreville in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1921 until 1935. He was elected in the 1921 election and re-elected in 1926 and 1930 as a member of the United Farmers of Alberta (UFA), which was the governing party of his entire time in office.
Archibald Malcolm Matheson
|Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta|
July 18, 1921 – August 22, 1935
|Preceded by||Joseph S. McCallum|
|Succeeded by||James McPherson|
|Born||March 31, 1891|
Glenlivet, Banffshire, Scotland
|Died||September 30, 1978 (aged 87)|
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
|Political party||United Farmers of Alberta|
Despite this, Matheson frequently opposed government policy. In January 1923 he objected to Herbert Greenfield's government's continued support of prohibition, remarking "This government has acted as philosopher, guide, and God to the people long enough." In 1926, he expressed frustration with the John Brownlee government's delay in providing a new police station for his riding, going so far as to threaten to raise the matter in the legislature. In February 1928, he led the opposition to Brownlee's proposal to exempt lawyers and trust companies wishing to act as real estate agents from the new $1,000 bond required of others wishing to do so. Matheson proposed eliminating this exemption and raising the amount of the bond to $5,000. He was partially successful: the bond remained at $1,000 and trust companies remained exempt, but lawyers were barred from the real estate business altogether. Matheson was also an active opponent of the Sexual Sterilization Act of Alberta, and attempted to adjourn debate before it came to a vote. When he failed, he absented himself from the final vote as a sign of protest. He was a vocal advocate for farmers and in the 1930s proposed unsuccessfully that the government declare a moratorium on the collection of debts from them.
His aggressive approach to the government sometimes paid off, as in his lobbying for the construction of a courthouse in Vegreville. In 1929 Vegreville was designated as a judicial subdistrict, which entitled it to court offices, a deputy sheriff, and a clerk of court. The following year it was awarded a full courthouse.
Matheson sought re-election in the 1935 election, but finished a distant third, joining every UFA candidate in the province in defeat, as William Aberhart's new Social Credit League achieved a large majority.
|1935 Alberta general election results (Vegreville)||Turnout 82.5%|
|Social Credit||James McPherson||3,047||59.60%|
|Social Credit||James McPherson||2,817||50.29%|
|United Farmers||Archie Matheson||995||17.76%|
|Conservative||M. H. Penish||109||1.95%|
|1930 Alberta general election results (Vegreville)||Turnout 72.9%|
|United Farmers||Archie Matheson||2,364||57.36%|
|Liberal||Harry A. White||1,757||42.64%|
|1926 Alberta general election results (Vegreville)||Turnout 71.1%|
|United Farmers||Archie Matheson||2,217||56.57%|
|Liberal||J. D. Hannan||1,702||43.43%|
|United Farmers||Archie Matheson||1,986||45.09%|
|Liberal||J. D. Hannan||1,395||31.67%|
|Conservative||A. W. Fraser||687||15.60%|
|Independent United Farmers of Alberta||P. Bahry||337||7.65%|
|1921 Alberta general election results (Vegreville)||Turnout 98.0%|
|United Farmers||Archie Matheson||3,047||69.69%|
|Liberal||Joseph S. McCallum||1,325||30.31%|
- "Members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta 1905-2006" (PDF). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. 2006. p. 41. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-10-05. Retrieved 2009-09-28.
- Jones 68
- Foster 131
- Gilpin, John (1997). "Responsible Enterprise: A History of Edmonton Real Estate & the Edmonton Real Estate Board". Edmonton Real Estate Board. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- Foster 149
- Caldarola 25–26
- Mittelstadt 310–318
- "Election results for Vegreville, 1935". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- "Election results for Vegreville, 1930". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- "Election results for Vegreville, 1926". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- "Election results for Vegreville, 1921". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- Caldarola, Carlo (1979). Society and politics in Alberta: research papers. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-458-93910-2.
- Foster, Franklin L. (1981). John E. Brownlee: A Biography. Lloydminster, Alberta: Foster Learning Inc. ISBN 978-1-55220-004-9.
- Jones, David C. (2004). "Herbert W. Greenfield". In Bradford J. Rennie (ed.). Alberta Premiers of the Twentieth Century. Regina, Saskatchewan: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina. ISBN 0-88977-151-0.
- Mittelstadt, David (2005). Foundations of justice: Alberta's historic courthouses. Calgary: University of Calgary Press. ISBN 1-55238-123-4.