Archaeanactid dynasty

The Archaeanactids (Greek: Αρχαιανακτίδαι) were a Greek dynasty of the Kingdom of Bosporus that ruled in 480–438 BC.

The presumed founder, Archaeanax, was probably a strategos of a league of city-states[1] in the Cimmerian Bosporus, likely formed as a defense against foreign threats. After taking power, Archaeanax caused the cities of Theodosia and Nymphaeum to withdraw from the league.[2] Throughout their reign, Panticapaeum and her surrounding cities had an age of economic growth as well as the construction of new temples and replanning of all city parts.[3] They were later succeeded by a hellenized family of Thracians, called the Spartocids.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Podossinov, Alexander. Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World. Archaeanaktus could have been a strategos of the already mentioned league that turned it into a tyranny
  2. ^ Podossinov, Alexander. Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World. It is possible that the Crimean cities of Nymphaeum and Theodosia left the league during the establishment of the tyranny
  3. ^ Podossinov, Alexander. Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World. The reign of the Archaeanaktids was a time of economical flourishing. Cities were founded, old parts of cities were replanned and new temples and altars were constructed along with new defensive structures.
  4. ^ Dolukhanov, Pavel (10 July 2014). The Early Slavs: Eastern Europe from the Initial Settlement to the Kievan Rus. ISBN 9781317892212. Later they were replaced by the Spartocids.