Asa language

(Redirected from Aramanik language)

The Asa (Aasá) language, commonly rendered Aasax (also rendered as Aasá, Aasáx, Aramanik, Asak, Asax, Assa, Asá[1]), was spoken by the Asa people of Tanzania. The language is extinct; ethnic Assa in northern Tanzania remember only a few words they overheard their elders use, and none ever used it themselves. Little is known of the language; what is recorded was probably Aasa lexical words used in a register of Maasai like the mixed language Mbugu.

EthnicityAsa people
Language codes
ISO 639-3aas


Asa is usually classified as Cushitic, most closely related to Kw'adza. However, it might have retained a non-Cushitic layer from an earlier language shift, and might be best left unclassified.[2]

The Aramanik (Laramanik) people once spoke Asa, but shifted to Nandi (as opposed to Maasai).


  • wataka - all
  • buʕurita - burn
  • dah - claw
  • ga - cloud
  • ki=te - die
  • wa-t- - dog
  • rakaš - dry
  • yatara - drink
  • haǯa-t - earth
  • ʔag- ~ ʔag-im- - eat
  • ila-t- - eye
  • ʔoreʔ-ek - far
  • maʔa - water



  1. ^ "Aasáx". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  2. ^ "Towards a new classification of African languages" Archived 2017-12-24 at the Wayback Machine, Linguistic Contribution to the History of Sub-Saharan Africa, University of Lyons
  3. ^ "Iraqw Swadesh List".
  • Petrollino, Sara & Maarten Mous, 2010, Recollecting Words and Expressions in Aasá, a Dead Language in Tanzania

External linksEdit