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Arabian sand gazelle

The Arabian sand gazelle (Gazella marica, formerly Gazella subgutturosa marica) or reem (Arabic: ريم‎)[2] is a species of gazelle native to the Syrian and Arabian Deserts. Today it survives in the wild in small, isolated populations in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and southeastern Turkey. Small numbers may also be present in Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, and Syria. The total population of wild sand gazelles is thought to be less than 3,000. Significantly more are held in captivity, reserves, or breeding programs, perhaps more than 100,000.[1]

Arabian sand gazelle
Sand gazelle (gazella subgutturosa marica).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Antilopinae
Genus: Gazella
G. marica
Binomial name
Gazella marica
Thomas, 1897

Gazella subgutturosa marica

Until recently, the sand gazelle was considered a subspecies of the goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa). A 2010 genetic study established that it was a distinct lineage,[2] and it is now considered a separate species.[1] Further genetic analysis reported in 2012 found that the sand gazelle was closely related to two North African gazelles, Cuvier's gazelle (Gazella cuvieri) and the rhim (Gazella leptoceros), perhaps even belonging to a single species.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2017). "Gazella marica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. doi:10.2305/ Retrieved 2018-08-02.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b Wacher, Timothy; Wronski, Torsten; Hammond, Robert L.; Winney, Bruce; Blacket, Mark J.; Hundertmark, Kris J.; Mohammed, Osama B.; Omer, Sawsan A.; Macasero, William (2010-11-27). "Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences reveals polyphyly in the goitred gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa)". Conservation Genetics. 12 (3): 827–831. doi:10.1007/s10592-010-0169-6. ISSN 1566-0621.
  3. ^ Hassanin, Alexandre; Delsuc, Frédéric; Ropiquet, Anne; Hammer, Catrin; Jansen van Vuuren, Bettine; Matthee, Conrad; Ruiz-Garcia, Manuel; Catzeflis, François; Areskoug, Veronika (2012). "Pattern and timing of diversification of Cetartiodactyla (Mammalia, Laurasiatheria), as revealed by a comprehensive analysis of mitochondrial genomes". Comptes Rendus Biologies. 335 (1): 32–50. doi:10.1016/j.crvi.2011.11.002. ISSN 1768-3238. PMID 22226162.