Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale

Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale is a series of nine religious and civic structures located on the northern coast of Sicily dating from the era of the Norman Kingdom of Sicily (1130-1194): two palaces, three churches, a cathedral, and a bridge in Palermo, as well as the cathedrals of Cefalù and Monreale. They have been designated together as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This dedication took place in 2015.[1]

Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Arab-Norman Palermo montage.jpg
LocationSicily, Italy
IncludesCefalù Cathedral, Cattedrale di Monreale
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iv)
Reference1487
Inscription2015 (39th session)
Area6.235 ha (0.02407 sq mi)
Buffer zone483.008 ha (1.86490 sq mi)
Coordinates38°6′39″N 13°21′11″E / 38.11083°N 13.35306°E / 38.11083; 13.35306Coordinates: 38°6′39″N 13°21′11″E / 38.11083°N 13.35306°E / 38.11083; 13.35306
Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale is located in Italy
Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale
Location of Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale in Italy

The new Norman rulers built various structures in what has become known as the Arab-Norman style. They incorporated the best practices of Arab and Byzantine architecture into their own art.[2] It is important to note that a different builder constructed each of the sites, they are linked together because of their shared architecture and time period.[3] These sites work to create a shared identity among the areas that they are built in. This is because many people chose to visit the cites together, not just one at a time. Providing not only a stead revenue of tourism, but also a revenue of tourists that have visited each of the sites and bring that experience with them.

Currently all of the buildings are under continuous restoration and care. This care varies from site to site but most often consists of topical restoration (cleaning, maintaining murals, etc), research (what the building might have looked like originally and what was done there), and structural restoration (making sure the building is safe and structurally sound). [4]

StructuresEdit

Building City Photo
Royal Palace or Palace of the Normans Palermo  
Palatine Chapel of the Royal Palace Palermo  
La Zisa Palermo  
Cathedral of the Assumption of Virgin Mary Palermo  
Church of Saint John of the Hermits Palermo  
Church of the Martorana Palermo  
Church of Saint Cataldo Palermo  
Admiral's Bridge Palermo  
Duomo Cefalù  
Duomo Monreale  

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The stunning Norman cathedral of Monreale, Sicily, Italy". The Thinking Traveler. ABTOI. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  2. ^ Antonino Buttitta; J -Y Marin; Jean-Marie Levesque; Musée de Normandie, Les Normands en Sicile: XIe-XXIe siècles : histoire et légendes, 5 Continents, 2006, p. 14; Quote: ”Le genie architectural des Normands a su s’adapter aux lieux en prenant ce qu’il y a de meilleur dans le savoir-faire des batisseurs arabes et byzantins.”
  3. ^ Johnson, Mark (1994). "The Episcopal and Royal Views at Cefalu". Gesta. 33 (4): 118–131. doi:10.2307/767163. JSTOR 767163.
  4. ^ Prescia, R (2017). "ARAB-NORMAN HERITAGE: STATE OF KNOWLEDGE AND NEW ACTIONS AND INNOVATIVE PROPOSAL" (PDF). The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. 42W4: 535. Bibcode:2017ISPAr42W4..535P. doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-5-W1-535-2017.