Apostolic Administration of Harbin
The Apostolic Administration of Harbin (哈爾濱 or 中文) is a pre-diocesan Latin Catholic jurisdiction in Manchuria (northeast China).
It is exempt, i.e. directly subject to the Holy See (not part of any ecclesiastical province) and its Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.
Initially the Holy See only nominated Italians from the papal diplomacy, but from 2011 it has its native incumbent.
However, from 1959, an "alternative" line of the national church without papal mandate was set up by the PRC.
(all Roman Rite)
- Apostolic Administrators of Harbin 哈爾濱
- Celso Benigno Luigi Costantini (剛恆毅) (1931.05.28 – 1933.11.03), previously Apostolic Administrator of Rijeka (Croatia) (1920.04.30 – 1921.07.21) and Titular Bishop of Hierapolis (1921.07.22 – 1922.09.09), then Apostolic Delegate (papal diplomatic envoy) to China (1922.08.12 – 1933.11.03) and Titular Archbishop of Theodosiopolis in Arcadia (1922.09.09 – 1953.01.12), Founder of Congregation of the Disciples of the Lord (1931.03.31); later Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith (1935.12.20 – retired 1953.01.12), created Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo (1953.01.15 – 1958.06.09), Chancellor of Apostolic Chancery (1954.05.22 – 1958.10.17), cardinal title transferred to Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso (1958.06.09 – death 1958.10.17)
- Mario Zanin (蔡寧) (1934.01.07 – 1946), Titular Archbishop of Trajanopolis in Rhodope (1933.11.28 – death 1958.08.04), later as Apostolic Delegate to China (1934.01.07 – 1946), Apostolic Nuncio (papal ambassador) to Chile (1947.03.21 – 1953.02.07), Apostolic Nuncio to Argentina (1953.02.07 – death 1958.08.04)
- Joseph Yue Fusheng (2012.07.06), first native (since September 22, 2018 recognized by Vatican).