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Antpur is a village in the Jangipara community development block of the Srirampore subdivision in the Hooghly District in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is around 20 km from Tarakeswar, the famous temple town and railhead for the Sheoraphuli–Tarakeswar section.

Antpur
Village
Temples and Dolmancha at Antpur
Temples and Dolmancha at Antpur
Antpur is located in West Bengal
Antpur
Antpur
Location in West Bengal, India
Antpur is located in India
Antpur
Antpur
Antpur (India)
Coordinates: 22°47′00″N 88°02′37″E / 22.7834°N 88.0436°E / 22.7834; 88.0436Coordinates: 22°47′00″N 88°02′37″E / 22.7834°N 88.0436°E / 22.7834; 88.0436
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
Government
 • BodyGram panchayat
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN712424
Telephone code91 3212 25
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB

Contents

HistoryEdit

The most famous temple in Antpur is that of Radhagovindjiu with exquisite terracotta carvings depicting stories from all the 18 puranas. This 100 feet high temple was constructed by Krishna Ram Mitra, the Diwan of Bardhaman Raj in 1786 (1708 Shakabda). Its Chandi Mandap and Dol Mancha have beautifully crafted wood carvings and terracotta.[1]

 
Antpur Radhagovindjiu Temple

The period when the temple was built was curious. Muslim rule was ebbing out and the Europeans were making forays into the country. It is said that Krishna Ram Mitra built the temple to enthuse the Hindus. Terracota work which was earlier an exclusive preserve of Bishnupur artisans was no more so. While Radha and Krishna are predominant in the carvings, there also is the goddess Durga, whose worship had been revived in a big way by Nabakrishna Deb of Shovabazar Rajbari in 1757.[2]

Besides the main temple of Radhagovindjiu are the temples of Gangadhara, Fuleswara, Rameswara, Jaleswara and Baneswara.

Antpur was the village home of Baburam Ghosh (later Swami Premananda). It was at Antpur where Swami Vivekananda and eight other disciples of Sri Ramakrishna took their vow of ‘sannyasa’ on 24 December 1886. The Ramakrishna-Premananda Ashram of Antpur has built a temple on the birthplace of Swami Pramananda.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
Cities and towns in Chanditala I, Chanditala II and Jangipara CD Blocks in Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre,
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

LocationEdit

Antpur is located at 22°47′00″N 88°02′37″E / 22.7834°N 88.0436°E / 22.7834; 88.0436

Villages in Antpur panchayat are as follows: Atpur, Rajhati, Bilara, Lohagachhi, Ranibazar, Anarbati, Arabindapur, Tarajol, Raipur, Bamnagar, Tara, Palgachha, Kumarbazar, Ichhabati, Gopalpur, and Mirpur [4]

UrbanisationEdit

Srirampore subdivision is the most urbanized of the subdivisions in Hooghly district. 73.13% of the population in the subdivision is urban and 26.88% is rural. The subdivision has 6 municipalities and 34 census towns. The municipalities are: Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality, Konnagar Municipality, Serampore Municipality, Baidyabati Municipality, Rishra Municipality and Dankuni Municipality. Amongst the CD Blocks in the subdivision, Uttarapara Serampore (census towns shown in a separate map) had 76% urban population, Chanditala I 42%, Chanditala II 69% and Jangipara 7% (census towns shown in the map above).[5][6]All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

DemographicsEdit

As per 2011 Census of India, Antpur had a total population of 2,623 of which 1,363 (52%) were males and 1,260 (48%) were females. Population below 6 years was 211. The total number of literates in Atpur was 1,957 (81.14% of the population over 6 years).[6]

Antpur had a population of 2,548 out of which 944 belonged to scheduled castes and 17 belonged to scheduled tribes.[4]

 
The holy place where Vivekananda other disciples took their vow of ‘sannyasa. Antpur. Hooghly

EconomyEdit

 
Antpur Radhagovindjiu Temple Terracotta details

Antpur's rural economy has developed due to the presence of the famous temples listed above. There is a constant stream of middle-class devotees who visit Antpur. The villagers are accustomed to vehicular traffic and other exposure to the life-styles of well-off Indians and foreigners.

Rajbalhat, 20 minutes by bus from Antpur, is famous for handloom saris.[2]

TransportEdit

Now, one has to go to Antpur by road either directly from Kolkata or from Tarakeswar or Haripal. From Kolkata via Ahilyabai road up to Gazarmore Bus Stop, then from Gazarmore left turn, towards Antpure approx 6 km Or From Howrah, Tarekeswar / Arambag local, to Haripal, from Haripal bus is available to Antpur. Earlier Antpur was a station on the Howrah-Amta-Sehakhala-Champadanga narrow-gauge route of the Martin's Light Railways, a private rail service established in 1892. The rail company was shut down in 1971, and the tourist flow to the village declined gradually after that.[2][7]

EducationEdit

Antpur High School is a coeducational higher secondary school. It has arrangements for teaching Bengali, English, Sanskrit, history, geography, philosophy, political science, economics, eco-geography, accountancy, business economics & mathematics, mathematics, physics, chemistry and bio science.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "HugeDomains.com - SeeMyIndia.com is for sale (See My India)". seemyindia.com.
  2. ^ a b c "Next weekend you can be at ... Antpur". The Telegraph. Calcutta. 24 July 2005. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  3. ^ West Bengal tourism Archived 27 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ a b "Census Data District Name: Hugli(12) Block Name: Jangipara (0016)". West Bengal Govt. Retrieved 2009-02-04.[dead link]
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  7. ^ The Hindu Business Line 24 July 2000 Archived 21 March 2004 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Hooghly district exam venue". West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education. Retrieved 6 October 2018.

External linksEdit