Antimachus II Nikephoros (Greek: Ἀντίμαχος Β΄ ὁ Νικηφόρος; the epithet means "the Victorious") was an Indo-Greek king. He ruled a vast territory from the Hindu-Kush to the Punjab around 170 BCE. He was almost certainly the eponymous son of Antimachus I, who is known from a unique preserved tax receipt.[1] Osmund Bopearachchi dated Antimachus II to 160–155 BCE on numismatical grounds, but changed this to 174–165 BCE after the tax receipt was revealed to synchronise his reign with that of Antimachus I.[2] R. C. Senior has not dated Antimachus II but thinks that his coins were possibly Indian issues of Antimachus I, despite their different epithets and coin types.

Antimachus II Nikephoros
"The Victorious"
Antimachus II on horseback
Indo-Greek king
Reign174–165 BCE
DynastyEuthydemid dynasty
FatherAntimachus I or Demetrius II

In both of Boperachchi's reconstructions, Antimachus II was succeeded by Menander I who inherited three of his four monograms. Antimachus II probably fought against the Bactrian king Eucratides I, who had dethroned his father in Bactria.

Coins of Antimachus II edit

Drachma with Nike on the obverse and the Greek legend BASILEOS NIKEPHOROU ANTIMACHOU ("Kingship of the Victorious Antimachus"); on the reverse, filleted king on horseback, Kharoshti legend[3]
Bronze coin with the same Greek legend, and a gorgoneion within an aegis on the obverse; on the reverse a palm branch and victory wreath, Kharoshti lettering[4]

Antimachus II did not strike a portrait on his coins, likely since this was not custom in India. Neither did the early kings strike tetradrachms. Antimachus II struck a large number of bilingual drachms on the same lighter Indian standard as Apollodotus I, though round in shape. On the obverse is Nike, and on the reverse a king on horseback.

He also issued bilingual bronzes with aegis / laurel wreath and palm. Both these and the goddess Nike seem to allude to his epithet "the Victorious".

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Rea, J. R., Senior, R. C. and Hollis, A. S., "A tax receipt from Hellenistic Bactria", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 104 (1994)
  2. ^ Boperarachchi (1991) and (1998), respectively.
  3. ^ Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coinage Antimachus II 1 typological description[1]
  4. ^ Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coinage Antimachus II 2 typological description[2]

Sources edit

  • Rea, J. R.; Senior, R. C.; Hollis, A. S. (1994). "A Tax Receipt from Hellenistic Bactria" (PDF). Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 104: 261–280. Retrieved 2006-12-13.
  • Tarn, William Woodthorpe (1966). The Greeks in Bactria and India (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • "Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum 9", American Numismatic Society, New York, 1997.
Preceded by
Apollodotus I (possibly)
Greco-bactrian King
(in Paropamisadae, Arachosia, Gandhara, Punjab)

172 – 167 BCE
Succeeded by