Anthony Shaffer (writer)
Anthony Joshua Shaffer (15 May 1926 – 6 November 2001) was an English playwright, screenwriter, novelist, barrister and advertising executive.
|Born||Anthony Joshua Shaffer|
15 May 1926
Liverpool, Lancashire, UK
|Died||6 November 2001 (aged 75)|
Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK
|Resting place||Highgate Cemetery, London|
|Occupation||Playwright, screenwriter, novelist, barrister, advertising executive|
|Spouse||Henrietta J. Glaskie (1954–195?)|
Carolyn Soley ()
Diane Cilento (1985–his death)
Shaffer was born to a Jewish family in Liverpool, the son of Reka (née Fredman) and Jack Shaffer, who was an estate agent with his wife's family. He was the identical twin brother of writer and dramatist Peter Shaffer, and they had another brother, Brian. He graduated with a law degree from Trinity College, Cambridge.
Shaffer worked as a barrister and advertising copywriter before becoming a full-time writer.
Shaffer's most notable work was the play Sleuth (1970), which he adapted for the film version which starred Laurence Olivier and Michael Caine, and was Oscar nominated. He received Edgar Awards from the Mystery Writers of America for both versions: for Best Play in 1971, and Best Screenplay in 1973.
His other major screenplays include the Hitchcock thriller Frenzy (1972) and the British cult thriller The Wicker Man (1973) with whose director, Robin Hardy, Shaffer had previously set up a television production company Hardy, Shaffer & Associates.
Shaffer met Cilento in 1973, when she appeared in The Wicker Man. He moved to Australia in 1975 and married Cilento in 1985. Together they built a house (The Castle) and a theater (The Karnak Playhouse). Shaffer was legally domiciled in Australia (where he owned land and a restaurant, paid taxes and voted in elections), although he did maintain a flat in London.
In the last years of his life Shaffer had an extramarital relationship with Marie Josette "JoJo" Capece-Minutolo when in London. Cilento did not accompany Shaffer to England but remained in Australia. After Shaffer's death, Capece-Minutolo made a claim on his estate in the British High Court, arguing that Shaffer had intended to divorce Cilento and marry her and that he had given her an engagement ring. The Shaffer estate argued that Shaffer had no desire to end his marriage to Cilento. The British judge found that despite Shaffer's being in "an intimate and loving relationship" with Capece in London, Shaffer (and his estate) were not legally domiciled in the United Kingdom at the time of his death and that therefore Capece-Minutolo had no legal claims on his estate, other than any bequest in Shaffer's will (which had been changed in 1999).
He co-wrote three detective novels with his playwright brother Peter Shaffer under the pseudonym Peter Antony.
- The Woman in the Wardrobe: a lighthearted detective story (1951) - co-written with Peter Shaffer, published under the pseudonym "Peter Antony"
- How Doth The Little Crocodile (1952) - co-written with Peter Shaffer, as by "Peter Antony"
- Withered Murder (1955) - co-written with Peter Shaffer, as by A. & P. Shaffer
- Absolution (1979) – based on Shaffer's screenplay for the 1978 film
- The Wicker Man (1978) – co-written with Robin Hardy, based on Shaffer's screenplay
- The Savage Parade (1963; 1966; later revised as This Savage Parade, 1987)
- Sleuth (1970)
- Murderer (1975)
- Whodunnit (1977; originally called The Case of the Oily Levantine)
- Widow's Weeds or For Years I Couldn't Wear My Black (1986); 1977 world premiere in Brisbane, Queensland, by the Queensland Theatre Company)
- The Thing in the Wheelchair (2001)
- So What Did You Expect? (2001)
- Mr. Forbush and the Penguins (1971) – a.k.a. Cry of the Penguins
- Frenzy (1972)
- Sleuth (1972)
- The Wicker Man (1973)
- Murder on the Orient Express (1974) (uncredited)
- Death on the Nile (1978)
- Absolution (1978)
- Evil Under the Sun (1982)
- Appointment with Death (1988) – co-screenplay
- Sommersby (1993) – co-story
- Film Reference bio
- Obituary in The Guardian, 7 november 2001
- Brown, Allan (2012). Inside the Wicker Man: How Not to Make a Cult Classic. New York: Birlinn. ISBN 9780857902177.
- "Shaffer's lover fails in battle over his estate". Article of 10 February 2004 by Sean O'Neill in The Daily Telegraph
- "Playwright's family fight off mistress's claim to share legacy". The Guardian. 10 February 2004. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
- Lewis, Paul (12 November 2001). "Anthony Shaffer, 75, Author Of Long-Running 'Sleuth,' Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Shaw, Bruce (2013). "Jolly Good Detecting: Humor in English Crime Fiction of the Golden Age". ISBN 9781476613963.