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Anthony Gerard Richard Cronin (23 December 1928 – 27 December 2016) was an Irish poet, arts activist, biographer, commentator, critic, editor and barrister.
|Born||23 December 1928|
Enniscorthy, County Wexford, Irish Free State
|Died||27 December 2016 (aged 88)|
|Education||University College Dublin|
Early life and familyEdit
Cronin was married to Thérèse Campbell, from whom he separated in the mid-1980s. She died in 1999. They had two daughters, Iseult and Sarah; Iseult was killed in a road accident in Spain.
Cronin in his eighties suffered from ailing health which prevented him from travelling abroad, thus limiting his dealings to local matters. He died on 27 December 2016 at the age of 88, having married a second wife, the writer Anne Haverty; his daughter Sarah also survived him.
Cronin is best known as an arts activist, rather than an artist. He was Cultural Adviser to the Taoiseach Charles Haughey (and briefly to Garret FitzGerald). He involved himself in initiatives such as Aosdána, the Irish Museum of Modern Art and the Heritage Council. He was a founding member of Aosdána and was elected its first Saoi (a distinction usually reserved for exceptional artistic achievement) in 2003. Cronin was a member of its governing body, the Toscaireacht, until his death. He was also a member of the governing bodies of the Irish Museum of Modern Art and the National Gallery of Ireland, of which he was (for a time) Acting Chairman.
With Flann O'Brien, Patrick Kavanagh and Con Leventhal, Cronin celebrated the first Bloomsday in 1954. He contributed to many television programmes, including Flann O'Brien: Man of Parts (BBC) and Folio (RTÉ).
From 1966 to 1968 Cronin was a visiting lecturer at the University of Montana and from 1968 to 1970 he was poet in residence at Drake University. Cronin read a selection of his poems for the Irish Poetry Reading Archive in 2015. He had honorary doctorates from several institutions, including Dublin University, the National University of Ireland and the University of Poznan.
Cronin began his literary career as a contributor to Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art. He was editor of The Bell in the 1950s and literary editor of Time and Tide (London). He wrote a weekly column, "Viewpoint", in The Irish Times from 1974 to 1980. Later he contributed a column on poetry to the Sunday Independent.
His first collection of poems, called simply Poems (Cresset, London), was published in 1958. Several collections followed and his Collected Poems (New Island, Dublin) was published in 2004. The End of the Modern World (New Island, 2016), written over several decades, was his final publication.
Cronin's novel, The Life of Riley, is a satire on bohemian life in Ireland in the mid-20th century, while his memoir Dead as Doornails addresses the same subject.
Cronin knew Samuel Beckett slightly, from when they did some work for the BBC during the 1950s and 1960s. Cronin gave a prefatory talk to Patrick Magee's reading of The Unnamable on the BBC Third Programme. Beckett was not impressed: "Cronin delivered his discourse… It was all right, not very exciting". Cronin waited until Beckett had died to publish a 645-page tome on him. Samuel Beckett: The Last Modernist (1996) followed on from No Laughing Matter: The Life and Times of Flann O'Brien (1989), another posthumous effort - though on that occasion on a writer he knew better.
Verse: main collections
- Poems (London: Cresset, 1958)
- Collected Poems, 1950-73 (Dublin: New Writers Press, 1973)
- Reductionist Poem (Dublin: Raven Arts Press, 1980)
- RMS Titanic (Dublin: Raven Arts Press, 1981)
- 41 Sonnet Poems (Dublin: Raven Arts Press, 1982)
- New and Selected Poems (Dublin: Raven Arts Press, and Manchester: Carcanet, 1982)
- Letters to an Englishman (Dublin: Raven Arts Press, 1985)
- The End of the Modern World (Dublin: Raven Arts Press, 1989 and 1998; reissued in a new expanded edition, Dublin: New Island Books, 2016)
- Relationships (Dublin: New Island Press, 1992)
- Minotaur (Dublin: New Island Books, 1999)
- Collected Poems (Dublin: New Island Press, 2004)
- The Fall (Dublin: New Island Books, 2010)
- Body and Soul (Dublin: New Island Books, 2014)
- The Life of Riley (New York: Alfred A. Knopf 1964; reissued, Dublin: New Island 2012).
- Identity Papers (Dublin: Co-Op Books, 1980)
Literary Criticism and Commentary
- Botteghe oscure : quaderno XII, Roma, (De Luca editore, 1953, contributor)
- A Question of Modernity, a collection of critical essays (London: Secker & Warburg, 1966)
- Heritage Now: Irish Literature in the English Language (Dingle: Brandon 1982)
- An Irish Eye (Dingle: Brandon 1985)
- Art for the People?: Letters from the "New Island" (Dublin: Raven Arts Press, 1995)
- Ireland: A Week in the Life of a Nation, text by (Century, 1986)
- An Illustrated Historical Map of Ireland, text by (London: Cassell, 1980)
- Personal Anthology: Selections from his Sunday Independent Feature (Dublin: New Island Books, 2000)
- Dead as Doornails (Dublin: Dolmen Press, 1976; Oxford University Press, 1983; Lilliput 2008)
- No Laughing Matter: The Life and Times of Flann O'Brien (London: Grafton Books, 1989; New York: Fromm International, 1998; Dublin: New Island Books, 2003)
- Samuel Beckett: The Last Modernist (London: HarperCollins, 1996)
- New Poems, ed. Anthony Cronin, Jon Silkin & Terence Tiller (London: Hutchinson, 1960)
- The Courtship of Phelim O’Toole, Stories by William Carleton (London: New English Library, 1962)
- Where the Poet Has Been, Michael Kane (Irish Museum of Modern Art, 1995): portraits of Anthony Cronin and paintings inspired by his poems, with an essay by Ulick O'Connor
- Writer, poet and novelist Anthony Cronin has passed away. Irish Examiner.
- Ferguson, Kenneth (2005). King's Inns Barristers 1868--2004. Dublin: The Honorable Society of King's Inns in association with The Irish Legal History Society. p. 166. ISBN 0-9512443-2-9.
- Killeen, Terence (14 August 2012). "An Irishman's Diary". The Irish Times. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
A benefit of holding a summer school … in … Dublin is that people … are available who might not otherwise be in a position to appear. One such is Anthony Cronin… Cronin is now 84 and not in a condition to travel abroad, so it was a special opportunity for non-Irish resident students to hear him comment and reminisce in conversation with Terence Brown.
- Miriam O Callaghan meets writers Anthony Cronin and Anne Haverty Retrieved 2016-03-11.
- Banville, John (4 November 1996). "The Painful Comedy of Samuel Beckett". The New York Review of Books. 43 (18).
- "Holdings: Botteghe oscure :". Catalogue.nli.ie. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
- Irish Writers Online
- New Island
- Video readings in the Irish Poetry Reading Archive, UCD Digital Library, University College Dublin
- Anthony Cronin interview with Des Lally Clifden Arts Festival 2014, is available in the Clifden Arts Festival Archive@UCD, which held in University College Dublin