António de Sousa Bastos

António de Sousa Bastos (1844 –1911) was a Portuguese writer, playwright, theatre entrepreneur and journalist. Author of the Diccionario do theatro portuguez (Dictionary of Portuguese Theatre), he was the husband of the actress Palmira Bastos.

António de Sousa Bastos
AntónioSousaBastos.png
Born
António Rodrigo Francisco João Valeriano Bernardino Peregrino Ângelo André Carlos Nicolau Vicente José Augusto Máximo Magalhães de Sousa Bastos de Judicibus

13 May 1844
Lisbon, Portugal
Died2 July 1911 Aged 67
Lisbon, Portugal
Resting placeAlto de São João Cemetery, Lisbon
Occupation(s)Theatrical director, impresario, playwright, journalist, theatrical historian
Known forPortuguese theatre
Spouse(s)1. Leopoldina Rosa Vieira Martins; 2. Palmira Bastos
ChildrenFive daughters

Early lifeEdit

António Rodrigo Francisco João Valeriano Bernardino Peregrino Ângelo André Carlos Nicolau Vicente José Augusto Máximo Magalhães de Sousa Bastos de Judicibus was born in Santa Isabel in the Portuguese capital of Lisbon, on 13 May 1844, son of an Italian father, D. Francisco de Judicibus, a landowner from Naples, and of D. Joana Maria da Salvação de Sousa Bastos, from Lisbon. His father was seriously ill at the time of their wedding in January 1841, being expected to die, but recovered and lived a long life. Sousa Bastos went to primary school in Lisbon and secondary school in Santarém. He then returned to Lisbon to follow a course in agronomy but never completed it, preferring to become a journalist.[1]

CareerEdit

As a journalist, Sousa Bastos began to work on Álbum Literário, moving on to Comércio de Lisboa, Diário Comercial, Gazeta Setubalense, Gazeta do Dia, and other papers. His writings on the theatre appeared in O Palco, O Espectador Imparcial, A Arte Dramática and Ribaltas e Gambiarras.[1][2] He was appointed as director of several theatres and manager of several dramatic companies in Lisbon and in Brazil and was considered a pioneer in the development of theatrical management techniques. In 1878, already a leading figure in the Portuguese theatrical scene, he formed a company to perform in the Teatro do Príncipe Real (later the Teatro Apolo) in Lisbon. Averse to hiring stars, he encouraged younger performers and turned them into stars. He gave a first performance in Lisbon to the actress, Tomásia Veloso. In 1890, while managing the Teatro da Rua dos Condes in Lisbon he gave a first role to Palmira Bastos. In 1894 António Serrão Franco, who had purchased Lisbon's Teatro da Trindade, contracted an artistic society to run shows and they appointed Sousa Bastos as director. Under him, the resident troupe included performers such as Palmira Bastos and Mercedes Blasco and he would marry the former, 30 years his junior, in 1894. This led Blasco, her professional rival, to leave the Trindade and move to Porto.[1][3][4][5]

WritingEdit

Sousa Bastos wrote dramas, comedies, operettas and also variety shows (known as magazine shows in Portugal). His last variety show was performed in 1909 at the Teatro Avenida in Lisbon, with performers including Pepa Martins de Abreu.[6]

Sousa Bastos was the author of a detailed work, Diccionario do theatro portuguez (1908) in which actors and actresses, theatrical terms and 213 different theatres were described,[7][8] as well as of Carteira do Artista (1898). These continue to be used as an important source for historians of the Portuguese theatre.[9]

Personal lifeEdit

Sousa Bastos married Leopoldina Rosa Vieira Martins on 24 August 1865. She died in 1879. They had three daughters. On 1 July 1894 he married Palmira Bastos, with whom he had two daughters, Alda de Sousa Bastos and Amélia de Sousa Bastos.

DeathEdit

Sousa Bastos died on 2 July 1911 in Lisbon, at the age of 67, a victim of Bright's Disease and diabetes. He is buried in a private vault in the Alto de São João Cemetery in the same city. Streets have been named in his honour in Lisbon, São Paulo, and near Brasilia.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Necrologia - Sousa Bastos". O Occidente: Revista illustrada de Portugal e do estrangeiro. 1171. 10 July 1911.
  2. ^ Mesquita, Pedro. "Ficha histórica: Ribaltas e gambiarras (1881)" (PDF). Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Mercedes Blasco: Uma mulher que acreditou no amor…". Centro de Estudos da Mina de S. Domingos. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Empresário teatral Sousa Bastos antecipou-se a grandes produções internacionais - biógrafa". Diário de Notícias. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  5. ^ Magalhães, Paula. "Lançamento do Livro - Biografia Sousa Bastos". D. Maria II National Theatre. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  6. ^ Feminae Dicionário Contemporâneo. Lisbon: Comissão para a Cidadania a a Igualdade de Género. pp. 804–805. ISBN 978-972-597-373-8. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  7. ^ Bastos, António de Sousa (1908). Diccionario do theatro portuguez. Imprensa Libânio da Silva and Robarts - University of Toronto. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  8. ^ "OS TEATROS DE SOUSA BASTOS NA EUROPA, NO BRASIL E EM ÁFRICA". Centro Nacional de Cultura. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  9. ^ Carteira do artista: apontamentos para a historia do theatro portuguez e brazileiro. Lisbon: Antiga Csa Bertrand. 1898. Retrieved 2 July 2022.