Anne of Auvergne

Anne of Auvergne also known as Anna d'Auvergne (1358 – Moulins 22 September 1417)[citation needed] was Sovereign Dauphine of Auvergne and Countess of Forez as well as Dame de Mercoeur [1] from 1400 and 1417. She was also Duchess of Bourbon by marriage to Louis II, Duke of Bourbon.

Anne of Auvergne
Anne d'Auvergne BnF Français 22297 fol. 15.jpg
Anne as Duchess of Bourbon
Born1358
Died(1417-09-22)22 September 1417
Moulins
Noble familyHouse of Auvergne
Spouse(s)Louis II, Duke of Bourbon
FatherBeraud II, Dauphin of Auvergne
MotherJeanne of Forez

LifeEdit

Anne's mother died when she was around eleven years of age. Her father remarried two more times; she gained several half-siblings from her father's third marriage to Margaret of Sancerre.

Duchess of BourbonEdit

Anne was betrothed to her cousin Louis when she was ten years old. The marriage contract was signed at Montbrison on 4 July 1368 and the pair were married in person at Ardes in January 1370. Due to the fact that the couple were cousins, a papal dispensation was required; this was granted to them by the Pope on 15 September 1370.[citation needed]

Countess of ForezEdit

On 15 May 1372, Anne's uncle, John Count of Forez, died leaving no children. Anne was his heir, as all of John's siblings had died including Anne's mother Jeanne and she had been the only one to leave a child, namely Anne. At the time of her accession, Anne was still only a minor (aged fourteen) so her grandmother, Joan of Clermont, acted as regent until Anne reached her majority, at which time she ruled together with Louis.

Dauphine of AuvergneEdit

In 1400, Anne's father died and he left her the Dauphinate of Auvergne, which she ruled over for the next seventeen years. Anne also founded an anniversary for her stepmother Margaret [2] Ten years after the death of her father, Anne was widowed; her husband, Louis, died in 1410 at Montlucon and their older son John succeeded him as duke. Anne ruled over her Dauphinate for another seven years, until her own death at Moulins on 22 September 1417. She was outlived by her son John and daughter Isabelle; her son inherited Forez and her grandson, Louis I, Count of Montpensier, eventually inherited the Dauphinate.

IssueEdit

  1. Catherine of Bourbon (b. 1378), d. young
  2. John of Bourbon (1381–1434), Duke of Bourbon
  3. Louis of Bourbon (1388 – 1404), Sieur de Beaujeu
  4. Isabelle of Bourbon (1384 – aft. 1451), engaged to Eric of Pomerania but eventually became a nun.

Of their four children, John and Isabelle reached adulthood; only John having had children of his own.

ReferencesEdit

  • Dominique Laurent, « Anne Dauphine, duchesse de Bourbon, comtesse de Forez et dame de Beaujeu », in Forez et Bourbon. Les ducs de Bourbon, maîtres du Forez aux XIVe et XVe siècles, Actes du colloque de Montbrison du 23 octobre 2010, sous la direction d'Olivier Troubat et Christophe Mathevot, Montbrison, La Diana, 2011 (ISBN 978-2-911623-23-3), pp. 25–39.
  1. ^ Anne d'Auvergne
  2. ^ La Mure (1675/1860), Tome III, Preuves, 114 bis, p. 145.