Anne Elizabeth Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Duchess of Buckingham

Anne Elizabeth Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Duchess of Buckingham (27 October 1779 – 15 May 1836) was an English plantation and slave owner.

Anne Elizabeth Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Duchess of Buckingham
First duchess of BUCKINGHAM.jpg
The Duchess of Buckingham
Born
Anna Eliza Brydges

27 October 1779
Died15 May 1836
NationalityKingdom of Great Britain
Known forowning slave plantations
Spouse(s)Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos

LifeEdit

She was born in 1779 as the only child of James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos and Anne Eliza Elletson (born Gamon).[1] By the time she was six her parents had agreed that they planned to marry her to the boy who would be the 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. This could have been a classic arranged marriage but the betrothed were in contact by age 14 and they were keen to become partners.[2]

Her mother was an enthusiastic manager of the plantations and hundreds of slaves that they owned in Jamaica. Her mother's first husband had been Roger Hope Elletson (1723-1775), Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica,[3] who had left her mother the Hope Plantation. He owned the 600 acre Merrymans Hill plantation in Saint Andrew Parish, Jamaica and 93 enslaved people in 1753. They married in 1775 and he had died the same year leaving her as an absentee manager.[3]

Her husband, Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos proved to be a spendthrift and before she realised he had already disposed of some of her land despite this being in contravention of her marriage settlement. She rearranged their finances and she is credited with saving the family from bankruptcy. Although her husband failed to lose all their money, her son Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos took after his father and managed to bring the family to bankruptcy in 1847.[2]

Buckingham died in Stowe in 1836.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Summary of Individual | Legacies of British Slave-ownership". www.ucl.ac.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  2. ^ a b "Grenville, Anna Eliza Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-, duchess of Buckingham and Chandos (1779–1836), plantation and slave owner | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/109598. Retrieved 2019-03-19. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ a b "'Roger Hope Elletson', Legacies of British Slave-ownership database". www.ucl.ac.uk., UCL Department of History 2020.