Anna Livia (author)
Anna Livia (born Anna Livia Julian Brawn; November 13, 1955 – August 5, 2007) was a lesbian feminist author and linguist, well known for her fiction and non-fiction regarding sexuality. From 1999 until shortly before the time of her death she was a member of staff at University of California, Berkeley.
Anna Livia in Nedlands, Western Australia in the 1970s
Anna Livia Julian Brawn
November 13, 1955
|Died||August 5, 2007 (aged 51)|
|Alma mater||University of California, Berkeley|
|Known for||Lesbian feminist fiction and queer linguistics|
Personal life and educationEdit
Anna Livia was born on November 13, 1955 in Dublin, Ireland. She was born to Patrick St. John, a writer and film maker, and Dympna Brawn, a poet, and had two brothers and a sister. She was named after Julian of Norwich and Anna Livia Plurabelle, the character from James Joyce's novel Finnegans Wake.
The family moved to Luanshya, Zambia in 1960, and then to Swaziland where she attended the Waterford Kamhlaba boarding school in Mbabane. In 1970, they moved to the United Kingdom. Livia attended the Rosa Bassett School in South London for her primary and secondary education.
In 1999, she had twins with her then-partner Jeannie Witkin; they eventually split up but continued to co-parent their children. At the time of her death, Livia's partner was Patti Roberts.
Career and writingEdit
In the 1980s, she taught French and English at the University of Avignon. She was a co-director of the Feminist Press in London from 1982-1989. From 1983-1990, she was an editor for Onlywomen Press as well as their periodical, Gossip, from 1984-1988. From 1994-2002, she edited for the Lesbian Review of Books.
In 1995, she received her doctorate in French linguistics from the University of California, Berkeley. She taught at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign from 1995 to 1998. She began teaching at UC Berkley in 1999, which she continued to do until her death. She published her revised PhD thesis, Pronoun Envy (2000), in which she "developed a feminist analysis of the use of pronouns," in English and French writing. From 2001-2002, she taught as a visiting lecturer at Mills College.
Relatively Norma (1982)Edit
Livia's first novel is about Minnie, a lesbian from London, who travels to Australia to visit with and come out to her family. They barely react to her pronouncement of lesbianism, seemingly too busy with their own lives and identities. In her book Contemporary Lesbian Writing: Dreams, Desire, Difference, Paulina Palmer argues that Livia's novel "questions the significance of lesbianism as the key to personal identity," and "humorously exposes the excuses heterosexuals employ to avoid confronting and discussing the subject of lesbianism." Sally Munt, in her exploration of lesbian novels between 1979 and 1989, generally views the novel positively, but states that it is filled with "counter-cultural specificities of early 1980s London feminism," that border on the "self-referential claustrophobia which can sentence a text to obscurity outside its own sycophantic subculture."
All of the male characters names are John, as a reference to clients of prostitutes. In an interview for The Leveller, Livia explains that "As a lesbian-feminist, I write in a lesbian-feminist context...The male characters are all called John...that's saying I think all men are Johns, which is true.... If other women want to read it, they'll have to imagine themselves into the lesbian feminist framework."
Three of Livia's books were nominated for Lambda Literary Awards for Lesbian Fiction. Incidents Involving Mirth was nominated in 1990, Minimax in 1991, and Bruised Fruit in 1999. She won a Vermont Booksellers Association Special Merit Award for translation.
- Relatively Norma (1982) London: Onlywomen Press. ISBN 0-906500-10-9
- Accommodation Offered (1985) London: Women's Press, 1985. ISBN 0-7043-2857-7
- Bulldozer Rising (1988) Onlywomen (publisher). ISBN 0-906500-27-3
- From a Hole in Heaven's Floor (1990) Sault Ste. Marie, ON, Canada : Tyro Pub., ISBN 0-921249-18-7
- Minimax (1991) Portland, Or. : Eighth Mountain Press. ISBN 0-933377-12-6
- Bruised Fruit (1999) Jackson, Tennessee, U.S.A. Firebrand Books. ISBN 1-56341-106-7
- Incidents Involving Warmth: A Collection of Lesbian Feminist Love Stories (1986) London : Only Women Press. ISBN 0-906500-21-4
- The Pied Piper : lesbian feminist fiction, with Lillian Mohin. Publisher: London : Onlywomen, 1989. ISBN 0-906500-29-X OCLC 60022644
- Saccharin Cyanide (1990) Onlywomen. ISBN 0-906500-35-4
- Incidents Involving Mirth: Short Stories (1990). Publisher: Portland, Or. : Eighth Mountain Press, 1990. ISBN 0-933377-14-2
- Livia, Anna; Rodarmor, William, eds. (2008). France: A Traveler's Literary Companion. 16. Whereabouts Press. ISBN 978-1883513184.
- Livia, Anna; Hall, Kira (1997). Queerly Phrased: Language, Gender, and Sexuality. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195104714.
- — (2000). Pronoun Envy: Literary Uses of Linguistic Gender. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195138538.
Articles and essaysEdit
- Livia, Anna (1993). "Look on the bright side". In Reti, Irene (ed.). Unleashing Feminism: Critiquing Lesbian Sadomasochism in the Gay Nineties. Santa Cruz, California: HerBooks. ISBN 9780939821044.
- Livia, Anna (1999). "Doing Sociolinguistic Research on the French Minitel". American Behavioral Scientist. Sage Publications. 43 (3): 422–435. doi:10.1177/00027649921955353.
- Livia, Anna (2000). "Oral History: Snapshots from a Family Album". International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies. Springer. 5 (2): 215–219. doi:10.1023/A:1010184931116.
- Livia, Anna (2002). "Public and Clandestine: Gay Men's Pseudonyms on the French Minitel". Sexualities. Sage Publications. 5 (2): 201–217. doi:10.1177/1363460702005002004. ISSN 1363-4607.
- "Barney, Natalie Clifford (1876-1972)". glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture. 2002. Archived from the original on January 16, 2008.
- "Dykewomon, Elana (b. 1949)". glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture. 2002. Archived from the original on August 14, 2007.
- Galst, Liz. "Searching for vampires in the netherworld: novelist Anna Livia has a penchant for supernatural lesbians." The Advocate, 3 Dec. 1991, p. 100.
- Brown, Susan; Clements, Patricia; Grundy, Isobel (2018). "Anna Livia: Life & Writing". Orlando: Women's Writing in the British Isles from the Beginnings to the Present. Cambridge University Press Online. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Thomas, June; Livia, Anna (December 1988). "interview: Anna Livia lesbian author, publisher". Off Our Backs. 18 (11): 10, 21. JSTOR 25796656.
- Marie, Jacquelyn (1994). "Livia, Anna". In Tom and Sara Pendergast (ed.). Gay & Lesbian Literature. 2. New York: St. James Press. pp. 226–230. ISBN 9781558623507.
- Livia, Anna (April 1993). "Anna Livia is Her Name". Sojourner. 18 (8): 5. ISSN 0191-8699.
- "Obituary: Anna Livia". The Guardian. 26 September 2007. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Carter, Katlyn (August 13, 2007). "Lecturer Passes Away Unexpectedly". The Daily Californian. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
- Kern, Richard (2007). "In Memoriam: Anna Livia Julian Brawn". University of California.
- As quoted in Marie, Jacquelyn (1994). "Livia, Anna". In Tom and Sara Pendergast (ed.). Gay & Lesbian Literature. 2. New York: St. James Press. pp. 228. ISBN 9781558623507.
- Munt, Sally (1992). "Is there a feminist in this text? Ten years (1979–1989) of the lesbian novel". Women's Studies International Forum. 15 (2): 281–291. doi:10.1016/0277-5395(92)90106-6.
- Interview with Anna Livia by Carley Tucker, "Write-on Dykes," The Leveller, December 1982, p. 33., as quoted in Levy, Bronwen (Nov 30, 1983). "The Victim Fights Back: Women, Politics, Fiction, Crime". Hecate. St. Lucia. 9 (1–2): 175.
- "3rd Annual Lambda Literary Awards". Lambda Literary. July 13, 1991.
- "4th Annual Lambda Literary Awards". Lambda Literary. July 13, 1992.
- Cerna, Antonio Gonzalez (July 15, 2000). "12th Annual Lambda Literary Awards". Lambda Literary.