Anna Karenina (1935 film)

Anna Karenina is a 1935 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film adaptation of the 1877 novel Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy and directed by Clarence Brown. The film stars Greta Garbo, Fredric March, Basil Rathbone, and Maureen O'Sullivan. There are several other film adaptations of the novel.

Anna Karenina
Anna Karenina 1935 poster.jpg
1935 German theatrical release poster
Directed byClarence Brown
Screenplay byS.N. Behrman
Clemence Dane
Salka Viertel
Based onAnna Karenina
1878 novel
by Leo Tolstoy
Produced byDavid O. Selznick
StarringGreta Garbo
Fredric March
Maureen O'Sullivan
Freddie Bartholomew
Basil Rathbone
Reginald Owen
CinematographyWilliam H. Daniels
Edited byRobert Kern
Music byHerbert Stothart
Distributed byMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release date
  • August 30, 1935 (1935-08-30) (New York City)[1]
Running time
95 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

In New York, the film opened at the Capitol Theatre, the site of many prestigious MGM premieres. The film earned $2,304,000 at the box office, and won the Mussolini Cup for best foreign film at the Venice Film Festival. Greta Garbo received a New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress for her role as Anna. In addition, the film was ranked #42 on the American Film Institute's list of AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions.

PlotEdit

Anna Karenina (Greta Garbo) is the wife of Czarist official Karenin (Basil Rathbone). While she tries to persuade her brother Stiva (Reginald Owen) from a life of debauchery, she becomes infatuated with dashing military officer Count Vronsky (Fredric March). This indiscreet liaison ruins her marriage and position in 19th century Russian society; she is even prohibited from seeing her own son Sergei (Freddie Bartholomew), with eventual dire results.[2]

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

 
Lobby card for Anna Karenina

ReceptionEdit

Writing for The Spectator in 1935, Graham Greene made much of Greta Garbo's powerful and theatrical acting in the film, noting that "it is Greta Garbo's personality which 'makes' this film, which fills the mould of the neat respectful adaptation with some kind of sense of the greatness of the novel". Greene found that the pathos that Garbo's acting brings to the picture overwhelms the acting of all supporting cast save that of Basil Rathbone.[3]

Helen Brown Norden from Vanity Fair in a glowing review wrote "Against the glittering background, these people move to their inevitable doom. There seems more of anguish and more of sombre depth in this version than there was in the old silent film (with Garbo and John Gilbert). Garbo still with that remote look of "the implacable Aphrodite" on her face acts with a dignity and a bitter passion which reach a mature climax in the final scene."[4]

The film has received acclaim from modern critics. It holds a 93% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 14 reviews.[5]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:

NotesEdit

Garbo also was the lead in the 1927 version of Anna Karenina, released under the title Love.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brown, Gene (1995). Movie Time: A Chronology of Hollywood and the Movie Industry from Its Beginnings to the Present. New York: Macmillan. p. 124. ISBN 0-02-860429-6.
  2. ^ Anna Karenina Archived November 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, allmovie.com
  3. ^ Greene, Graham (11 October 1935). "Anna Karenina/The Informer". The Spectator. (reprinted in: Taylor, John Russell, ed. (1980). The Pleasure Dome. pp. 25–27. ISBN 0192812866.)
  4. ^ "Hollywood on Parade". Vanity Fair. October 1935. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
  5. ^ "Anna Karenina (1935)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
  6. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-18.

External linksEdit