Ankhmakis (also known as Chaonnophris or Ankhwennefer) was the successor of Hugronaphor, a rebel ruler who controlled much of Upper Egypt during the reigns of Ptolemies IV and V. His rule lasted from approximately 199 to 185 BC.
Ankhmakis succeeded Hugronaphor as king of Upper Egypt in 199, or thereabouts, and won back as much as 80% of the country. He held Lykopolis (modern Asyut) in 197 BC but was later forced to withdraw to Thebes. The war between North and South continued until 185 BC, when Ankhmakis was arrested by the Ptolemaic General Conanus. The Rosetta Stone was carved in a gesture of thanks to the priests for helping to defeat him. Little is known about the details of his reign as most of records thereof were destroyed.
- Robert Steven Bianchi, Daily life of the Nubians, Greenwood Press, 2004, p. 224
- Joseph Mélèze-Modrzejewski, The Jews of Egypt: From Rameses II to Emperor Hadrian, Princeton University Press 1997, p. 150
- Willy Clarysse (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven), The Great Revolt of the Egyptians, Lecture held at the Center for the Tebtunis Papyri, University of California at Berkeley, on March 16, 2004.
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