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Ankhmakis (also known as Chaonnophris or Ankhwennefer[1]) was the successor of Hugronaphor, a rebel ruler who controlled much of Upper Egypt during the reigns of Ptolemies IV and V. His rule lasted from approximately 199 to 185 BC.

Ankhmakis succeeded Hugronaphor as king of Upper Egypt in 199, or thereabouts, and won back as much as 80% of the country. He held Lykopolis (modern Asyut) in 197 BC but was later forced to withdraw to Thebes. The war between North and South continued until 185 BC, when Ankhmakis was arrested by the Ptolemaic General Conanus.[2] The Rosetta Stone was carved in a gesture of thanks to the priests for helping to defeat him. Little is known about the details of his reign as most of records thereof were destroyed.


  1. ^ Günther Hölbl, History of the Ptolemaic Empire, Routledge, 2000, pp. 155ff.
  2. ^ Second Philae Decree


Preceded by
Secessionist pharaohs
199-185 BC
Succeeded by