Andrew III of Vitré (c. 1200 † 8 February 1250 at the Battle of Al Mansurah, in Egypt) was Baron of Vitré and Aubigné from 1211 to 1250.
|Baron of Vitré|
|Reign||9 June 1211 – 1250|
|Died||1250 (aged 49–50)|
|Spouse||Catherine of Thouars, Thomasse of La Guerche|
|House||House of Vitré|
|Father||Andrew II of Vitré|
|Mother||Eustacie of Rays|
Andrew III was the eldest son of Andrew II, Baron of Vitré, and his third wife Eustacie of Rays, daughter of Harscoët of Rays.
He is said to have founded the old convent of the Jacobins in Nantes in 1228
In c. 1230 he rebuilt the Château de Vitré and surrounded it with fortifications that encompassed the Vieil-Bourg and the church of Notre-Dame of Vitré. He also founded the castle of Chevré, a lordship belonging to the Barony of Vitré. He took part in the Seventh Crusade in 1248 with Louis IX of France and died at the Battle of Al Mansurah.
In his last will and testament dated 1248, Andrew of Vitré gave his wife le chastel de Chasteillon, le moulin de l'estangs doud. lieu et Vendelays o touz ses appartenances (the castle of Chasteillon, the mill by the pond of the aforementioned place and Vendelays and all its dependencies). One of the executors wasGuillaume Merlin, dean of Mayenne.
Marriages and issueEdit
Andrew III married twice.
He married firstly in 1212 Catherine of Thouars Lady of Aubigné, daughter of Constance, Duchess of Brittany, and Guy of Thouars. They had:
- Philippa, who married Guy VII, Lord of Laval. She succeeded her younger brother and brought the Barony of Vitré into the House of Laval;
- Eustacie, who married Geoffrey I Botherel, Lord of Quintin;
- Alix, who married Fulk III of Mathefelon (c. 1200 † c. 1269), Lord of Azé.
He married secondly around January 1240 Thomasse of La Guerche, Lady of Pouancé and Mareuil. They had:
- Philippa [II] nun at the Abbey of Longchamp, who received lands in Normandy;
- Margaret, who married Aimery of Argenton and also received lands in Normandy as her dowry;
- Aliette, who married William of Villiers;
- Eustacie [II], Lady if Les Huguetières, who married Oliver I of Machecoul around 1268;
- Andrew IV (c. 1247/48 † 15 March 1251).
- ^ The fact that he named two of his daughters Eustacie indicates that he was the son of Eustacie of Rays, not Enoguen of Léon, his father’s second wife
- ^ Henri de Berranger. Évocation du vieux Nantes (1966) Les Éditions de Minuit, Paris, p 147
- ^ Michel Brand'Honneur Manoirs et châteaux dans le comté de Rennes (XIe-XIIe siècles) PUR Rennes (2001), p 290
- ^ Frédéric Morvan Les Chevaliers bretons. Entre Plantagenets et Capétiens du milieu XIIe siècle au milieu du XIIIe siècle éditions Coop Breizh, Spézet 2014 « Généalogie des Vitré » p 290
- Mairie of Vitré
- Amédée Guillotin de Corson Les grandes seigneuries de Haute-Bretagne II, 2 Volumes 1897-1899, new edition Le Livre d'Histoire, Paris (1999)
- Frédéric Morvan la Chevalerie de Bretagne et la formation de l'armée ducale 1260-1341 Presses Universitaires de Rennes, Rennes 2009, « Généalogie n°39 : les seigneurs de Vitré (Montmorency-Laval) ».