Andrea Vendramin

Andrea Vendramin (1393 – May 5, 1478, both Venice) served as Doge of Venice, 1476–78, at the height of Venetian power, the only member of the Vendramin family to do so. His mother, Maria Michiel, and his wife Regina Gradenigo, both came from Dogal families. He had served as Venetian Procurator in Rome, and his brief reign was largely concerned with the end of the Second Turkish–Venetian War. He probably died of plague.

Andrea Vendramin
Andrea Vendramin, by Gentile Bellini cropped.jpg
Detail of portrait by Gentile Bellini
Doge of Venice
In office
1476–1478
Preceded byPietro Mocenigo
Succeeded byGiovanni Mocenigo
Personal details
Born1393
Venice, Republic of Venice
Died1478 (aged 84–85)
Venice
NationalityVenetian
Coat of arms of Andrea Vendramin
Tomb of Andrea Vendramin in Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice

The process of his election as Doge resulted in a divisive split in the Council, that resulted in bad feelings: in 1477 Antonio Feleto was imprisoned, then banished, for remarking in public that the Council of the Forty-One must have been hard-pressed to elect a cheesemonger Doge.[1] The diarist Malipiero noted that Andrea Vendramin at the time of his election was worth 160,000 ducats, after allowing for 6 to 7000 ducats with which he had endowed each of six daughters, in order to procure politically influential sons-in-law. In his youth, he and his brother Luca, in joint ventures, used to ship from Alexandria enough goods to fill a galley or a galley and a half, Malipiero recorded in retrospect: even his factors grew rich managing his affairs.[2]

He has a large monumental wall-tomb, generally agreed to be "the most lavish funerary monument of Renaissance Venice",[3] in the basilica of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, the usual burial-place of Doges, which was executed by Tullio Lombardo (1493),[4] though Andrea del Verrocchio competed for the commission.[5] It was originally intended for the church of Santa Maria dei Servi. However the portrait in the Frick Collection by Gentile Bellini, inscribed with his name, is now considered to be of his successor, Doge Giovanni Mocenigo.

He was interred in the Basilica di San Giovanni e Paolo, a traditional burial place of the doges. After Andrea's death, his widow married his brother, Luca.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ According to Domenico Malipiero.
  2. ^ Lane, Frederic C. (1944). "Family Partnerships and Joint Ventures in the Venetian Republic". Journal of Economic History. 4 (2): 178–196 [p. 179]. JSTOR 2113883.
  3. ^ Metropolitan Museum of Art who have two detached figures of Adam and Eve.
  4. ^ Scholars Resource several excellent photographs Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine. See also Pope-Hennessy and other standard works.
  5. ^ A Verocchio drawing for the scheme (Victoria and Albert Museum) was included in the exhibition "Renaissance Florence: the Art of the 1470s", National Gallery, London, illustrated in The Burlington Magazine, 142 No. 1162 (January 2000:47 fig. 65.)
Political offices
Preceded by Doge of Venice
1476–1478
Succeeded by