Anatoly Zinevich

Anatoly Vladimirovich Zinevich (Ukrainian: Анатолій Володимирович Зіневич; 20 November 1932 – 1 August 2000) was a Soviet, and later Armenian General-Lieutenant of Ukrainian origin, for whom "Armenia became the second homeland."[1] He was one of the commanders of Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army.

Anatoly Zinevich
Born(1932-11-20)20 November 1932
Proskurov, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Died1 August 2000(2000-08-01) (aged 67)
Yerevan, Armenia
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branchRed Army flag.svg Soviet Army
Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army
Years of service1953—1997
RankLieutenant General
Commands held40th Army
7th Army
Battles/warsSoviet–Afghan War
Ethio-Somali War
Nagorno-Karabakh War
Awardssee below


Zinevich was born on 20 November 1932 in Proskurov (now Khmelnytskyi), Ukrainian SSR. He entered the Proskurovsky Tank School on 14 August 1950. After he graduated, Zinevich attended and graduated from the Frunze Military Academy and the highest academical courses for the USSR leadership. He was a military advisor in the Ethio-Somali War. Zinevich served eight years as Operations Chief of Staff of the 40th Army in the Soviet–Afghan War, where he was wounded three times.

In 1988, he was appointed Chief of Staff Operations Division of the 7th Army in the Armenian SSR. After a second heart attack and coronary bypass in 1989, he was discharged from the armed forces, but stayed in Armenia. At the request of the first Defence Minister of Armenia Vazgen Sargsyan, Zinevich arrived in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic in June 1992 and participated in the Nagorno-Karabakh War.

Zinevich was appointed Chief of Staff of the Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army in 1994, and from May 1997 to August 2000 he served as Deputy Defense Minister. He was personally involved in combat operations and is the creator of operational systems of protection and management of the NKR Defense Army.

He died on 1 August 2000 in Yerevan. He was buried at the Holy Trinity Church St Nicholas Cemetery in the city Kovrov of the Vladimir region.

Personal lifeEdit

He was married and had two children.

In memory of Zinevich, a street is named after him in Stepanakert, the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh.[2]



  • "General-Leytenant Anatoli Zinevich", 2000, Yerevan, 30 min., dir. A. Gevorkyan.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Ministry of Defense of Armenia, Historical Overview". Ministry of Defence of Armenia. Retrieved 17 January 2008.
  2. ^ "IN THE MEMORY OF GENERAL ZINEVICH". 14 March 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
  3. ^ "Армянские Видеофильмы" (in Russian). Armenian Cinema. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2008.

External linksEdit