Amphilochius of Pochayiv
Amphilochius of Pochayiv
Portrait of Saint Amphilochius
|Born||27 November 1894|
|Died||1 January 1971(aged 76)|
|Venerated in||Ukrainian Orthodox Church|
|Canonized||11 May 2002|
Amphilochius of Pochayiv was born Yakov Varnavovich Golovatyuk on 27 November 1894 in the village of Mala Ilovytsya (Mala Ilowica in Polish), in Shumskyi raion of Ternopil oblast in western Ukraine, at that time part of Austria-Hungary. The village of Mala Ilovytsya is located in the Ilovetska valley, which is 7 km (4 mi) wide, and is surrounded by the Kremenets mountains. It is the northernmost village of Ternopil oblast, off the main roads and surrounded by forested areas.
Yakov was one of 10 children. His father, Varnava, was an able craftsman, making shoe lasts and sleighs, and had a reputation as a skilled bone setter. Yakov often assisted his father in caring for people who came for help.
In 1912 he was drafted into the army of the Tsar. During the First World War he served in Lutsk and then in Tomsk, where he was a medical attendant at the hospital. Later he was posted to the front as a field medic. He was captured as a prisoner of war by the Austrians, and sent to the Alps, where for three years he worked for a farmer. Eventually he managed to flee.
Joining Pochayiv LavraEdit
Having returned home, he intended to marry but his experiences during the war, drew him to religious life and the Pochayiv monastery. Yakiv went to the Uspens’ka (Dormition) Lavra in Pochayiv in 1925. He constructed sleighs and wheels, and sang in the choir, always in the spirit of humility and obedience. On 8 July 1932 he was tonsured a monk through postryh (clipping of hair ceremony) and took the name Joseph (Yosyp in Ukrainian). On September 27, 1936, he was ordained a hieromonk.
Amphilochius spent much time praying in front of the miraculous icons of Pochayiv. He was appointed the caretaker of the God’s Mother’s Foot. God’s Mother’s Foot is a rock footprint left after apparition of Virgin Mary in Pochayiv around 1240.
His earlier work with his father and experience as a medic during the war gave him some skill in healing, and many people came to the Lavra seeking his help. The Archimandrite Abbot of the monastery of the lavra blessed Hieromonk Joseph in this work and allowed him to settle in a small house near the cemetery of the monastery, so as not to disturb the other monks. There the venerable Amphilochius spent 20 years ministering to the sick. He was credited with the gift of healing.
The Soviet regime which seized power after the war wished to stem the constant stream of people seeking healing from the pious monk. Fr. Joseph resisted their attempts to close the Lavra, and was subsequently incarcerated in a psychiatric hospital where he was injected with drugs. Eventually, he was released through he good offices of Svetlana Alliluyeva, whom he had previously met. Upon his release the authorities forbade him to return to the Lavra and so he settled in his native Ilovytsya with his nephew, where for many years he continued to serve the people, frequently conducting a Moleben with the Blessing of the Waters in his yard. It was believed that God gifted him with the grace of prophecy and the performing of miracles.
One day, at the instigation of the local authorities, he was severely beaten and left in an icy swamp. When found, he was take n to the lavra, where, as they thought that he was dying, he was tonsured into the Great Schema and given the name Amphilochius, in honor of Holy Hierarch Amphilochius of Iconium. Amphilochius slowly recovered. As he did not have a residence permit to stay at the Lavra, he returned to the village and resumed his ministry of healing.
He died on January 1, 1971 at the age of seventy-six. On April 23, 2002, Pochaev Elder Schema-abbot Amphilochius was glorified as a saint.
- "Venerable Saint Amphilochius, Wonderworker of Pochaev", Holy Dormition Pochayiv Lavra
- "Venerable St. Amphilochius of Pochaev", Russian Orthodox Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Washington D.C.
- "Commemoration day of the Venerable Amphilochius of Pochaev". Metropolia of Nizhhy Novgorod Arzamas. 12 May 2011. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- "The Venerable St. Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Holy Resurrection Orthodox Church, Tacoma, Washington
- Kutash, Ihor. "St. Amphilochius of Pochayiv". Ukrainian Orthodoxy. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- "The incorrupt relics of Sts. Job and Amphilochius", Pravoslavie.ru
- (in Ukrainian) By First Ukrainian Orthodox TV Channel
- (in Ukrainian) By Olena Karetnyk of Orthodoxy in Ukraine
- (in Ukrainian) Detailed biography of Saint Amphilochios, Pochayiv Lavra Website, Ukraine
- (in Russian) Venerable Saint Amphilochios, Russian acathistus site
- (in Russian) Russian Icon of Saint Amphilochios