Amirbai Karnataki

Amirbai Karnataki (c. 1906 – 3 March 1965) was a famous actress/singer and playback singer of the early Hindi cinema and was famous as Kannada Kokila. Mahatma Gandhi was an ardent fan of her song Vaishnav Jan To.[1]

Amirbai Karnataki
Amirbai Karnataki.jpg
Background information
Native name
ಅಮೀರಬಾಯಿ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕಿ
Born1906
Bagalkote, Karnataka, India
Died3 March 1965(1965-03-03) (aged 58–59)
India
GenresPlayback singing
Occupation(s)Singer, actor
InstrumentsVocalist
Years active1935–1961

Personal lifeEdit

Amirbai Karnataki was born in Bilgi town, District of Bagalkote in Karnataka into a middle-class family.[2] Of all of her five sisters, Amirbai and her elder sister, Gauharbai, earned fame and fortune. Amirbai completed her matriculation and went to Bombay at the age of fifteen.

CareerEdit

Amirbai was a talented singer and actress, who was fluent in Kannada (mother tongue) and Gujarati languages. "Mahre te gamray ek baar aawjo" is one of her famous Gujarati songs from the film Ranrakdevi, with music composer Avinash Vyas. A representative from HMV Label music company was so impressed by her singing talent that he made her sing a Qawwali, which became very popular. This qawwali song was for the film Zeenat (1945) by film producer-director Shaukat Hussain Rizvi.[3] Her elder sister, Gauherbai, was an actress and helped Amirbai get a role in the film Vishnu Bhakti in 1934.

Initially, Amirbai sang songs in films, but they failed to attain the success she desired. In 1943, with the release of Bombay Talkies' Kismet (1943 film), she achieved popularity: the songs of Kismet became a rage and Amirbai became famous. The man behind the success was the composer Anil Biswas. She was initially known as a singing star, but at the decline of her career she became a playback singer. She reached her career peak by 1947.

After 1947, Lata Mangeshkar became a rising star, so once again Amirbai switched over to acting.[2] In her later years, she mostly played character roles. Amirbai also composed music for Wahab Pictures' film Shehnaaz (1948). In the same year she almost left Hindi Cinema for Gujarati and Marwari films.[2] One of the famous film magazines "Film India" had mentioned in one of its articles that at that time in the 20th century when other singers used to get Rs. 500 for singing a song, Amirbai used to get Rs. 1000 per recording.

RomancesEdit

Amirbai's married life was full of ups and downs. Her first marriage was with the film actor Himalay Vala. He was a well known actor for playing villainous roles in the movies. He used to beat Amirbai frequently after marriage, and spent most of her earnings for his personal leisure. Amirbai had to put a fake smile on her face while performing as an actress and even while singing in studios. Famous Gujarati writer Bhai Ranjan Kumar Pandaya has mentioned Amirbai's married life struggles in detail. He says that Amirbai's elder sister Ahilya Bai, yearning for justice, one late night went to the famous Gujarati lawyer Chelshankar Vyas. She told Vyas that Himalay Vala took a handsome amount and Amirbai's car in return for a divorce. And the very next day, he had even kidnapped her publicly from a recording studio. He had imprisoned her in a room and was repeatedly beating her. Even the police were with Himalay Vala. Chelshankar Vyas, taking into account all these allegations, decided to help her. He used his societal status and judicial understanding and finally got a divorce for Amirbai from her husband. In the year 1947, when India got partitioned between India and Pakistan, Himalayawala went to Pakistan and earned himself a good reputation as a talented actor. Here in India, Amirbai got married for the second time with Badri Kaanchwala, the editor of Paras, who was a better husband.[1]

Some of her hit film songsEdit

  • "O' Jaanay Waalay Balamwa Laut Kay Aa Laut Kay Aa" Sung by Amirbai Karnataki and Shyam Kumar, lyrics by D. N. Madhok and music by Naushad Ali in the film Rattan (1944)[4]
  • "Dheere Dheere Aa Re, Baadal", from the film Kismat (1943)
  • "Priya madhuvanadali", a Kannada song, sung by Amirbai, which is so popular all over Karnataka even today.

DeathEdit

She had a paralytic attack in 1965, died just four days later and was buried in her hometown. A cinema hall is still run in the name of "Amir Talkies" in the city of VijayaPura(Bijapur), by her family.

BiographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ganesh, Deepa (27 February 2015). "She was the love song". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Profile of Amirbai Karnataki on womenonrecord.com website Retrieved 4 July 2019
  3. ^ Soundtrack of Amirbai Karnataki on IMDb website Retrieved 4 July 2019
  4. ^ Soundtrack of Amirbai Karnataki on IMDb website Retrieved 4 July 2019

External linksEdit