Amin Howeidi

Amin Howeidi (22 September 1921 – 31 October 2009) was an Egyptian military leader, author and defense minister under Nasser's rule.

Amin Howeidi
Minister of Defense
In office
1967 – March 1968
PresidentGamal Abdel Nasser
Preceded byShams Badran
Succeeded byMohammed Fawzi
Personal details
Born22 September 1921
Died31 October 2009(2009-10-31) (aged 88)
NationalityEgyptian
Alma materMilitary academy

Early life and educationEdit

Howeidi was born in Munufiya on 22 September 1921.[1] He attended the Military Academy and graduated in 1940.[2] He held a master's degree in military sciences from the Chief of Staff College, which he received in 1951.[2] Then he attended the US Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, and obtained another master's degree in military sciences in 1955.[2] Next, he obtained a master's degree in translation, press and publication from Cairo University in 1956.[2]

CareerEdit

After, graduation, Howeidi began to work as a teacher at the Military Academy.[2] Later, he became a professor at the Military Chief of Staff College.[2] In addition, he served as the head of military operations planning in the Armed Forces Command.[2] He was part of the Free Officers who realized the 1952 revolution in Egypt.[2] Then he began to hold public posts. His offices included ambassador to Morocco (1962–1963), ambassador to Iraq (1963–1965),[3] minister of national guidance (1965–1966), and minister of state for cabinet affairs (1966–1967).[2]

He was appointed defense minister and director of general intelligence by Gamal Abdel Nasser after the defeat of Egypt in the Six-Day War.[3] His term as defense minister began in June 1967, and he replaced Shams Badran in the post.[4] Howeidi's term ended in March 1968[2] and he was succeeded by Mohammed Fawzi as defense minister.[5] Howeidi served as director of general intelligence from 1967 to 1970.[2]

ArrestEdit

In 1971, Howeidi was detained along with 91 others accused of treason, and then tried at the Revolutionary Tribunal. He was sentenced to house arrest for nearly 10 years.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Howeidi was married and had two children, a daughter and a son.[6]

PublicationsEdit

Howeidi was the author of various books, including How Zionist Leaders Think, Lost Opportunities, 50 Years of Storms: Telling What I saw and The 1967 War: The Secrets and Mysteries.[1] In addition, he wrote opinions for Al Ahram Weekly.[7]

DeathEdit

Howeidi died on 31 October 2009 at the age of 88.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Egyptian Figures". SIS. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Said, Abdel Moneim (12–18 November 2009). "Amin Howeidi and Mustafa Mahmoud". Al Ahram Weekly (972). Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b Nkrumah, Gamal (5–11 November 2009). "Obituary Amin Howeidi (1921-2009) Vexed, not villainous". Al Ahram Weekly. 971. Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Nasser picks new aide". Eugene Register Guard. AP. 21 July 1967. Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "General Mohammed Fawzi". Edward Fox. Retrieved 31 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Nkrumah, Gamal (2–8 August 2007). "Amin Howeidi: Learning from the revolution". Al Ahram Weekly. 856. Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Howeidi, Amin (23 November 2008). "Choose your region". Al Arabiya. Retrieved 31 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)