Amin Howeidi (22 September 1921 – 31 October 2009) was an Egyptian military leader, author and defense minister under Nasser's rule.
|Minister of Defense|
1967 – March 1968
|President||Gamal Abdel Nasser|
|Preceded by||Shams Badran|
|Succeeded by||Mohammed Fawzi|
|Born||22 September 1921|
|Died||31 October 2009(aged 88)|
|Alma mater||Military academy|
Early life and educationEdit
Howeidi was born in Munufiya on 22 September 1921. He attended the Military Academy and graduated in 1940. He held a master's degree in military sciences from the Chief of Staff College, which he received in 1951. Then he attended the US Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, and obtained another master's degree in military sciences in 1955. Next, he obtained a master's degree in translation, press and publication from Cairo University in 1956.
After, graduation, Howeidi began to work as a teacher at the Military Academy. Later, he became a professor at the Military Chief of Staff College. In addition, he served as the head of military operations planning in the Armed Forces Command. He was part of the Free Officers who realized the 1952 revolution in Egypt. Then he began to hold public posts. His offices included ambassador to Morocco (1962–1963), ambassador to Iraq (1963–1965), minister of national guidance (1965–1966), and minister of state for cabinet affairs (1966–1967).
He was appointed defense minister and director of general intelligence by Gamal Abdel Nasser after the defeat of Egypt in the Six-Day War. His term as defense minister began in June 1967, and he replaced Shams Badran in the post. Howeidi's term ended in March 1968 and he was succeeded by Mohammed Fawzi as defense minister. Howeidi served as director of general intelligence from 1967 to 1970.
In 1971, Howeidi was detained along with 91 others accused of treason, and then tried at the Revolutionary Tribunal. He was sentenced to house arrest for nearly 10 years.
Howeidi was married and had two children, a daughter and a son.
Howeidi was the author of various books, including How Zionist Leaders Think, Lost Opportunities, 50 Years of Storms: Telling What I saw and The 1967 War: The Secrets and Mysteries. In addition, he wrote opinions for Al Ahram Weekly.
Howeidi died on 31 October 2009 at the age of 88.
- "Egyptian Figures". SIS. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Said, Abdel Moneim (12–18 November 2009). "Amin Howeidi and Mustafa Mahmoud". Al Ahram Weekly (972). Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Nkrumah, Gamal (5–11 November 2009). "Obituary Amin Howeidi (1921-2009) Vexed, not villainous". Al Ahram Weekly. 971. Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Nasser picks new aide". Eugene Register Guard. AP. 21 July 1967. Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "General Mohammed Fawzi". Edward Fox. Retrieved 31 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Nkrumah, Gamal (2–8 August 2007). "Amin Howeidi: Learning from the revolution". Al Ahram Weekly. 856. Retrieved 30 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Howeidi, Amin (23 November 2008). "Choose your region". Al Arabiya. Retrieved 31 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)