Amanda Röntgen-Maier

Amanda Röntgen-Maier (20 February 1853 – 15 July 1894) was a Swedish violinist and composer. She was the first female graduate in music direction from the Royal College of Music in Stockholm in 1872.[1]

Amanda Röntgen-Maier

BiographyEdit

Amanda Maier was born into a musical home in Landskrona and discovered her musical talent early. Her first instruction in violin and piano was from her father. At the age of sixteen, Maier began studying at the Royal College of Music in Stockholm, where she studied violin, organ, piano, cello, composition and harmony.[2]

Maier performed violin concerts in both Sweden and abroad. She continued to study composition with the conservatory teachers Reinecke and Richter in Leipzig and violin from Engelbert Röntgen, concert master at Gewandhaus Orchestra in the same city. During this time she composed a violin sonata, a piano trio and a violin concerto for orchestra. Her violin concerto was premiered in 1875 with Maier as soloist and received good reviews.

In Leipzig she met the German-Dutch pianist and composer Julius Röntgen (1855–1932), her violin teacher's son. The couple married in 1880 in Landskrona and moved to Amsterdam. The marriage ended Amanda's public appearances, but she continued composing, and the couple arranged musical salons and music performances in Europe, with audience members including Nina and Edvard Grieg, Anton Rubinstein, Joseph Joachim, Clara Schumann and Johannes Brahms.[3] In the late 1870s Maier also met Ethel Smyth, who was studying in Leipzig. They became friends and continued corresponding until Maier's death.[4]

In 1887 Röntgen-Maier became ill with tuberculosis. During her illness, the couple stayed in Nice and Davos. Her final major composition was the piano quartet in E minor on a trip to Norway in 1891. She died in 1894 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.[5]

The Swedish record label dB Productions has released two of three albums in a series of Amanda Maier's complete works.[6] Excerpts can be found on Youtube.[7]

WorksEdit

Selected works include:

  • Sonata in B Minor for Violin and Piano (Publisher: Musikaliska Konstföreningen, Stockholm, 1878)
  • Six Pieces for Piano and Violin (Publisher: Breitkopf & Hartel, Leipzig, 1879)
  • Dialogues: Small Piano Pieces (with Julius Röntgen, Publisher: Breitkopf & Hartel, Leipzig, 1882)
  • String Quartet in A major (1877 – completed by B. Tommy Andersson in 2018)

LegacyEdit

In 2018 a string quartet was formed by members the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, and named the Maier Quartet.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Unjustly Neglected Composers: Amanda Maier". 24 December 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  2. ^ Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John (2001). The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians, Volume 21.
  3. ^ "Maier-Röntgen Violin Concerto".
  4. ^ "Maier Quartet DB PRODUCTIONS DBCD197 [SSi] Classical Music Reviews: May 2021 – MusicWeb-International". www.musicweb-international.com.
  5. ^ Cohen, Aaron I. (1987). International encyclopedia of women composers: Volume 2. ISBN 978-0-9617485-0-0. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  6. ^ "Home". db-productions.se.
  7. ^ "dBProductionsSweden - YouTube". www.youtube.com.
  8. ^ "The Maier Quartet".

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit