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Alwar State was a princely state ruled by a Rajput dynasty during the period of the British Raj in India. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 7 April 1949.[1]

Alwar State
अलवर रियासत
Princely State of British India
1296–1949
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Alwar
Alwar State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 •  Established 1296
 •  Independence of India 1949
Area
 •  1895 j 8,547 km2 (3,300 sq mi)
Population
 •  1895 j 682,926 
Density 79.9 /km2  (206.9 /sq mi)
Today part of Rajasthan, India

Contents

HistoryEdit

Alwar has been a part of Matsya region of olden times whose capital was Viratnagar. "Alwar" was formerly known as "Ulwar".In fourteenth century Alwar became the capital of Khanzada Rajput dynasty's Mewat State, which was established by Chandrawanshi Rajput Raja Nahar Khan, who converted to Islam in fourteenth century during Firuz Shah Tughlaq's era. Khanzada Hasan Khan Mewati was the last Khanzada Rajput Ruler of Mewat who fought against Babar in the Battle of Khanwa, after his defeat in the battle, the Khanzada Lords ceased control of Mewat. After the Battle of Khanwa, Alwar went under the control of Kachwaha Rajputs.

Pratap Singh, Thakur of Macheri, became a distinguished soldier of fortune in Jaipur State Forces, who eventually entered the Imperial service. He gained many victories against the Jats, receiving Imperial recognition of dominion over some of the territories he conquered. He established an independent Alwar state in 1770, and assumed the title of Maharao Raja of Alwar after successfully conquering the famous fort of that name. Alwar State remained independent princely state till the Partition of India.

Following the Partition of India in 1947, Alwar acceded unto the dominion of India. On 18 March 1948, the state merged with three neighboring princely states (Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli) to form the Matsya Union. This union in turn merged unto the Union of India. On 15 May 1949, it was united with certain other princely states and the territory of Ajmer to form the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan.[2]

Jai Dayal Yadav and Prime Minister of Matsya Union Shobha Ram Kumawat played a vital role in bringing education to the rural areas of Alwar after independence.[citation needed]

Rulers of Alwar stateEdit

 
Portrait of Thakur Raja Bakhtawar Singh, standing in a European-style interior.
  • Khanzada Muslim Rajputs till 16th century as part of Mewat.
  • Under Amber Kingdom rule till 1770.
  • Pratap Singh Prabhakar (1770–1791) Raja of Alwar
  • Bakhtawar Singh Prabhakar (1791–1815) Raja of Alwar
  • Bane Singh Prabhakar (1815–1857) Raja of Alwar
  • Sheodan Singh Prabhakar (1857–1874) Raja of Alwar
  • Mangal Singh Prabhakar (1874–1892) raja of Alwar
  • Jai Singh Prabhakar (1892–1937) raja of Alwar

See alsoEdit

  • Alwar
  • Jafri Sadaat in Alwar city, Jafri Sadaat is from the blood line of Imam Jafar e Sadiq Ja'far al-Sadiq. Among three other casts of Sadaat living in Alwar City, one family namely "Jafri sadaat" was residing in Alwar city nearby Jama Mosque. The Ancestors of this family migrated from Iran leaving the shrine of their head named "Shah Chiragh" Shah Cheragh. Syed biyaad uddin migrated from iran and settled in Alwar city on the invitation of Maharana Purtab Singh, the famous worrior, the then Ruler of Rajasthan. The bloodline comes down with his sons. One of his son namely Syed Siraj then Wazir Ali then Syed Hashim then Syed Imam Ali then Syed Haider Ali then Syed Jawahir Ali then Syed Imadad Ali then Syed Mustafa then Syed Nasir then Syed Azhar (the author of this article now residing in Karachi, pakistan). Syed Biyyad uddin was a scholar and a worrior too. He helped Maharana Partap Singh in 2 battles and due to his advises he achieved a portion of Bala Qila as a reward where Mir Biyyad Ali started his religious rituals which continues till the partion occurred. The last resident of this family in Alwar City was Mir Mustafa Hussain who at that time was a Chief Accountant of the then Ruler in 1946. Mir Mustafa choosed to migrate Newly born State Pakistan in 1947. Mir Mustafa has two children daughter Shakeela khatoon and son Nasir Hussain. Mir Mustafa Hussain came to Lahore first in 1947 then Multan then Hyderabad, Sindh, and finally settled in Karachi and died in 1988 at District and Sessions Judge House, Clifton, Karachi. He is buried in local grave yard name Haidri Bagh at Meva shah. His only daughter Syeda Shakeela Khatoon died in 2013 leaving no children and buried in local grave yard Wadi e Hussain near Super Highway Karachi. His only son Syed Nasir Hussain Jafri is still alive and was District and Sessions Judge and retired in 1991, now a days he is a practicing Senior Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan. The author of this article is his only child Syed Azhar Abbas Jafri, Advocate High Court of Sindh till date. The Shijra can be seen in images attached to this article. Syed Jawahar Ali or mostly known as Mir Jawahar was also a shia religious scholar Shia Islam in India and he also practice spritual exercises Spiritualism. This was the reason of his fame.
  • A. JAWAHAR ALI. Mir Jawahar Ali had two brothers, Mir Musharraf Ali and Mir Fazal Ali. Further Mir Jawahar Ali had four sons, A1 Mir Hijab Ali, A2 Mir Jamal Ali, A3 Mir Imadad Ali and A4 Mir Ehsan Ali.
  • Mir Hijab Ali. He had two sons, AA1 Mir Muhammad Ali, AA2 Mir Abbas Hussain and one daughter AA3 Sughra Begum (married to Doctor Mir Maqbool Hussain of bhonker). AA1 Mir Mohammad Ali had four sons, AB1 Mir Ali Hussain, AB2 Mir Shabbir Hussain, AB3 Mir Maqsood Ali, AB4 Mir Qalander Ali and one daughter AB5 Ahmadi Begum. AB1 Mir Ali Hussain had only one son Mir Shabbir Hussain who was later adopted by one Sadaat Family living in Khairthal who was issueless and later on called themselves Chuadhry. AB2 Mir Shabbir Hussain was died before his marriage in the battle of 1857. AB3 Mir Maqsood Ali had three sons Mir Alamdar Hussain, Mir Hamid Hussain and Mir Sibt e Hassan. They all migrated to Pakistan along with their father. AB4 Mir Qalander Ali went to Najaf and stayed there and never came back to India or pakistan. His Family is still residing in Najaf.
  • A2 Mir Jamal Ali had one daughter and died during his lifetime.
  • A3 Mir Imadad Ali two sons Mir Abid Ali, Mir Mustafa Hussain (Grand father of the author of this article) and two daughters Anwari Begum (married to her cousin Syed Hussain son of Mir Ghulam Ali son of B Mir Musharraf Ali) and Kulsoom Begum (married to Mubarak Ali of Khairthal). Mir Abid Ali died issueless. MIR MUSTAFA HUSSAIN had three sons Syed Murtaza, Syed Zafarul Hassan, Syed Nasir Hussain and one daughter Shakeela Khatoon. Mir Murtaza and Mir Zafar ul Hassan died in childhood. Shakeela Khatoon died issueless. Syed Nasir Hussain has only one son Syed Azhar Abbas (the author). Till now Syed Azhar has two sons Mir Mohammad Mehdi, Mir Mustafa Mehdi and two daughters Fatima Mehdi and Khadija Mehdi.
  • A4. Mir Ehsan Ali had two sons Mir Shamshad Ali and Mir Asghar Ali.
  • B. Mir Musharraf Ali. He had two sons and two daughters. Mir Ghulam Ali, Mir Imam Ali, Bibi Hakeeman (married to her cousin Mir Farzand Ali son of Mir Fazal Ali) and Mehsooman Ali (married to cozin Mir Jaffar Ali son of fazal ali). Mir Ghulam Ali had two sons, Mir Syed Hussain, Mir Intezam Ali, and two daughters Ahmadi Begum (married to Mir Fazal Hussain) and Muhammadi Begum (married to Mir Ali Hussain). Mir Imam Ali had only one son Mir Hamid Hussain who died in the lifetime of Imam Ali.
  • C. Mir Fazal Ali. he had three sons, Mir Farzand Ali, Mir Rehman Ali and Mir Jafar Ali.
  • MIR JAWAHAR ALI has the possession of religious valuables including stick of Ja'far al-Sadiq, hand written of Imam e Jafar a.s, piece of wood belongs to Imam e Sadiq and one water drinking cup made up of wood. These valuavles are still in possesion with Nasir Jafri's family in Karachi. All the images are stored Wikimedia Commons with the tag of this username.
  • Alwar fort

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit