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Alvin Owen "Red" Tyler (December 5, 1925 – April 3, 1998) was an American R&B and neo-bop jazz saxophonist, composer and arranger, regarded as "one of the most important figures in New Orleans R&B".
Alvin "Red" Tyler
|Birth name||Alvin Owen Tyler|
|Born||December 5, 1925|
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
|Died||April 3, 1998 (aged 72)|
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
|Associated acts||Dave Bartholomew, Fats Domino, Little Richard, Lloyd Price, Aaron Neville, Lee Dorsey, Dr. John|
Born and raised in New Orleans, Tyler was known as "Red" because of his light tanned skin. He grew up listening to the city's marching bands. He began playing saxophone after he joined the US Army in 1945, and after his discharge joined the Grunewald School of Music. In 1949 he joined Dave Bartholomew’s R&B band, whose other members included Ernest McLean, Frank Fields, and Earl Palmer. He also played jazz in club jam sessions, and regarded himself as primarily a jazz rather than an R&B musician.
He made his recording debut on Fats Domino’s first session at Cosimo Matassa's studio, when he recorded “The Fat Man”. He went on to play on sessions for Little Richard, Lloyd Price, Aaron Neville, Lee Dorsey, and numerous other rhythm and blues artists, often helping with the songs' arrangements. According to Mac Rebennack, "Red Tyler was the true leader of the [studio] band but he never got full credit. He would sit down and organise almost every song. He would organise the changes, teach the guitar player to change, have the piano run it down for everybody to learn...". In 1955, he began working for Johnny Vincent's Ace Records as an A&R man, and oversaw sessions by Huey "Piano" Smith, Frankie Ford and others. He also recorded an album, Rockin' and Rollin', credited to Alvin 'Red' Tyler and the Gyros, with a band that included Fields, Allen Toussaint, and James Booker.
He left Ace in 1961, and helped Harold Battiste found his AFO (All For One) record label, which had a hit with Barbara George's "I Know" in 1962. Tyler then moved to California where he recorded with Sam Cooke, Larry Williams and others, before returning to New Orleans in the mid-1960s. He co-owned Parlo records AKA Olrap Publishing, Inc., which found success in 1967 with Aaron Neville's "Tell It Like It Is". Tyler is also listed as one of three songwriters of the instrumental, "Java". Originally recorded by Allen Toussaint (the primary author), "Java" was later covered by New Orleans trumpet player, Al Hirt. It reached the charts on January 25, 1964 and eventually peaked at #4.
From the mid-1960s Tyler worked as a liquor salesman. He also began leading his own jazz band, the Gentlemen Of Jazz, in clubs and hotel residencies in New Orleans, and played with other jazz musicians including Ellis Marsalis. While the baritone saxophone had been his primary instrument during his years as a studio musician, his jazz playing gradually came to rely much more on tenor saxophone. In the mid-1980s he recorded two jazz albums, Graciously and Heritage, with vocals by Johnny Adams and Germaine Bazzle, for Rounder Records. In 1994, he recorded the album The Ultimate Session with Toussaint, Earl Palmer, Mac Rebennack, and other New Orleans musicians.
Tyler died at age 72 in New Orleans. After his death, the New Orleans Jazz Festival organised a concert in his honor, featuring many leading New Orleans musicians.
- Komara, Edward (2004). Blues Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 1017. ISBN 9781135958329.
- Dik de Heer, "Alvin 'Red' Tyler", Black Cat Rockabilly, 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2015
- John Broven, Rhythm and Blues in New Orleans, Pelican Publishing, 1988, p.91
- Rose Witmer, Biography, AllMusic.com. Retrieved 28 October 2015