Alvin Saunders

Alvin Saunders (July 12, 1817 – November 1, 1899) was a U.S. Senator from Nebraska, as well as the final and longest-serving governor of the Nebraska Territory, a tenure he served during most of the American Civil War.

Alvin Saunders
Alvin Saunders - Brady-Handy.jpg
United States Senator
from Nebraska
In office
March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1883
Preceded byPhineas Hitchcock
Succeeded byCharles F. Manderson
10th Governor of Nebraska Territory
In office
May 15, 1861 – February 21, 1867
PresidentAbraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
Preceded byAlgernon S. Paddock
Succeeded byDavid Butler (as Governor of the State of Nebraska)
Member of the Iowa Senate
In office
1854-1856, 1858-1860
Personal details
Born(1817-07-12)July 12, 1817
Fleming County, Kentucky
DiedNovember 1, 1899(1899-11-01) (aged 82)
Omaha, Nebraska
Resting placeForest Lawn Memorial Park
Political partyRepublican
RelativesWilliam Henry Harrison III (grandson)[1]
Signature

EducationEdit

Saunders was born in Fleming County, Kentucky. He attended the common schools and pursued an academic course; he moved with his father to Illinois in 1829 and then to Mount Pleasant, Iowa (then a part of Wisconsin Territory) in 1836.

Political careerEdit

He was the postmaster of Mount Pleasant for seven years. Saunders studied law but never entered into practice; instead, he engaged in mercantile pursuits and banking. He was a delegate to the Iowa State constitutional convention in 1846 and was a member of the Iowa State Senate from 1854 to 1856 and 1858 to 1860. Saunders was one of the commissioners appointed by Congress to organize the Union Pacific Railroad Company.

He served as the last Governor of Nebraska Territory from 1861 to 1867. He was a delegate to the 1868 Republican National Convention. Saunders was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served a single term from March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1883; chairman of the Committee on Territories (Forty-seventh Congress). He died in Omaha on November 1, 1899; interment in Forest Lawn Cemetery.

FamilyEdit

Saunders' father, Gunnel, was said to be of "old stock" in Culpepper County, Virginia. His mother was Mary Mauzy of the same county. They moved to Kentucky and later to Illinois, where Alvin attended school and did farm work until 1836, when the young man removed to Mount Pleasant, Iowa, which was then part of Wisconsin.[2]

At his death he left a wife and two children, Charles B., and a daughter, Mary (later Mrs. Russell Harrison of Washington, D.C.)[2][3][4]

Saunders was the grandfather of William Henry Harrison, who served several terms as Wyoming's member of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 1950s and 60s. His son-in-law was Russell Benjamin Harrison.

LegacyEdit

Saunders County, Nebraska and Saunders School in Omaha were both named after him. Alvin Saunders Johnson, the founding editor of The New Republic, was named in honor of Saunders.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Former U.S. Rep. William Henry Harrison, Descendant of Presidents". Associated Press. October 10, 1990. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Alvin Saunders Is Taken," The Leader, Fremont, Nebraska, November 10, 1899, page 1
  3. ^ "Harrison-Saunders," The Daily Bee, Omaha, January 10, 1884, image 8
  4. ^ "White House Visitors Keep Mrs. Wilson Busy," The Washington Post, March 7, 1913, image 7, column 4
  5. ^ McKee, J. (June 1, 2014) "McKee: Alvin Saunders Johnson, a Nebraskan with a vision", Lincoln Journal-Star.
  1. "The Political Graveyard". Saunders, Alvin. Archived from the original on December 24, 2005. Retrieved January 8, 2006.
  2. "Congressional Bioguide". Saunders, Alvin. Archived from the original on November 29, 2005. Retrieved January 8, 2006.


Political offices
Preceded by
Algernon S. Paddock
Acting Territorial Governor
Governor of Nebraska Territory
1861–1867
Succeeded by
position abolished
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. senator (Class 2) from Nebraska
1877–1883
Served alongside: Algernon S. Paddock, Charles H. Van Wyck
Succeeded by