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Altrincham (UK Parliament constituency)

Altrincham was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1945. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Altrincham
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851945
Number of membersone
Replaced byAltrincham and Sale, Bucklow and Knutsford
Created fromMid Cheshire

Contents

BoundariesEdit

The constituency was created in 1885 from the much larger East Cheshire Constituency, and redefined in 1918, to cover the urban districts of Altrincham, Ashton upon Mersey, Bowdon, Cheadle and Gatley, Hale, Handforth, Lymm and Sale, and part of the rural district of Bucklow, all in Cheshire.

In 1945, the constituency was redistributed, as its electorate exceeded 100,000 and was officially deemed overlarge. The Boundary Commission for England was instructed by Parliament to divide the larger seats (which sometimes affected neighbouring constituencies). This was an interim measure before the Boundary Commission reviewed the whole country later in the decade in the first general review. In the case of the Altrincham area two seats, this one and Knutsford were re-arranged into three seats. In addition to a modified Knutsford, the towns of Altrincham and Sale became a new borough constituency of Altrincham and Sale, with the remainder of the old division largely forming the new Bucklow county constituency.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1885: Altrincham [1][2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Brooks 4,798 54.3 N/A
Liberal Isaac Saunders Leadam[4] 4,046 45.7 N/A
Majority 752 8.6 N/A
Turnout 8,844 84.3 N/A
Registered electors 10,497
Conservative win (new seat)

Brooks' death caused a by-election.

By-election, 26 Mar 1886: Altrincham [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Cunliffe Brooks 4,508 53.5 −0.8
Liberal Isaac Saunders Leadam[4] 3,925 46.5 +0.8
Majority 583 7.0 −1.6
Turnout 8,433 80.3 −4.0
Registered electors 10,497
Conservative hold Swing −0.8
General election 1886: Altrincham [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Cunliffe Brooks Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Altrincham [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Coningsby Disraeli 5,056 54.3 n/a
Liberal Isaac Saunders Leadam[4] 4,258 45.7 n/a
Majority 798 8.6 n/a
Turnout 9,314 84.3 n/a
Registered electors 11,048
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General election 1895: Altrincham [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Coningsby Disraeli 5,264 57.5 +3.2
Liberal Alexander Mere Latham 3,889 42.5 −3.2
Majority 1,375 15.0 +6.4
Turnout 9,153 79.3 −5.0
Registered electors 11,547
Conservative hold Swing +3.2

Elections in the 1900sEdit

 
C.R. Disraeli
General election 1900: Altrincham [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Coningsby Disraeli 5,685 57.6 +0.1
Liberal E F Alford 4,177 42.4 −0.1
Majority 1,508 15.2 +0.2
Turnout 9,862 75.5 −3.8
Registered electors 13,061
Conservative hold Swing +0.1
 
William Crossley
General election 1906: Altrincham [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Crossley 8,358 59.5 +17.1
Conservative Coningsby Disraeli 5,667 40.5 −17.1
Majority 2,691 19.2 N/A
Turnout 14,025 84.8 +9.3
Registered electors 16,492
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +17.1

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Altrincham [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Crossley 8,709 52.7 -6.9
Conservative Walter Keppel 7,808 47.3 +6.9
Majority 901 5.4 -13.8
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing -6.9
General election December 1910: Altrincham [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Kebty-Fletcher 8,002 50.4 +3.1
Liberal William Crossley 7,883 49.6 -3.1
Majority 119 0.8 6.2
Turnout 84.0
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
1913 Altrincham by-election[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Hamilton 9,409 53.6 +3.2
Liberal Lawrence Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth 8,147 46.4 -3.2
Majority 1,262 6.9 +6.1
Unionist hold Swing +3.2

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election, 1918: Altrincham [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist George Hamilton 20,421 72.7 +19.1
Labour George Middleton 7,685 27.3 n/a
Majority 12,736 45.4 +38.5
Turnout 28,106 68.5
Unionist hold Swing n/a
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1922: Altrincham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Hamilton 19,361 53.8 -18.9
Liberal Robert Alstead 11,692 32.5 n/a
Labour George Benson 4,930 13.7 -13.6
Majority 7,669 21.3 n/a
Turnout 35,983 79.8 +11.3
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General election 1923: Altrincham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Alstead 19,046 54.2 +21.7
Unionist George Hamilton 16,081 45.8 -8.0
Majority 2,965 8.4 29.7
Turnout 35,127 76.6 -3.2
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +14.9
General election 1924: Altrincham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Cyril Atkinson 24,439 61.0 +15.2
Liberal Robert Alstead 15,654 39.0 -15.2
Majority 8,785 22.0 30.4
Turnout 40,093 84.8 +8.2
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +15.2
General election 1929: Altrincham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Cyril Atkinson 28,512 50.7 -10.3
Liberal Robert Alstead 18,475 32.9 -6.1
Labour Alfred Dobbs 9,242 16.4 n/a
Majority 10,037 17.8 -4.2
Turnout 56,229 80.8 -4.0
Unionist hold Swing -2.1

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election, 1931: Altrincham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Atkinson (unopposed) n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing N/A
 
Philip Oliver
Altrincham by-election, 14 June 1933[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Grigg 25,392 51.2 +0.5
Liberal Philip Oliver 15,892 32.0 -0.9
Labour James Hudson 8,333 16.8 +0.4
Majority 9,500 19.2
Turnout 63.4
Conservative hold Swing +0.7
  • Percentage change and swing are calculated from 1929.
 
Sir Edward Grigg
General election, 1935: Altrincham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Grigg 50,719 70.2 +19.0
Labour Abraham Moss 21,493 29.8 +13.0
Majority 29,226 40.4 +21.2
Turnout 72,212 72.0 +8.6
Conservative hold Swing +3.0

Elections in the 1940sEdit

A General Election was due to take place before the end of 1940, but was postponed due to the Second World War. By 1939, the following candidates had been selected to contest this constituency;

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  2. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  4. ^ a b c ‘LEADAM, Isaac Saunders’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 1 Oct 2017
  5. ^ a b c British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918–1949 (Craig)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g British parliamentary election results 1918–1949, Craig, F. W. S.

See alsoEdit