Northenden is a suburb of Manchester, England, with a population of 14,771 at the 2011 census. It lies on the south side of the River Mersey, 4.2 miles (6.8 km) west of Stockport and 5.2 miles (8.4 km) south of Manchester city centre, bounded by Didsbury to the north, Gatley to the east, and Wythenshawe to the south and west.
Palatine Road in central Northenden
|OS grid reference|
|• London||159 mi (256 km) SE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Historically a rural township and parish within the hundred of Bucklow in Cheshire, despite unplanned urbanisation and population growth in its neighbours in the 19th century, Northenden remained a comparatively rural and unpopulated area which spanned the hamlets of Lawton Moor, Northern Moor, Rose Hill and a part of what is now Wythenshawe. By 1866 Northenden had coalesced and became a civil parish. The industrialisation of neighbouring Manchester resulted in overpopulation in the early 20th century.
Northenden was mentioned as Norwordine in the Domesday Book of 1086; its name came from Anglo-Saxon Norþ-worþign = "north enclosure". It was then a small farming community with a manor house and woodland. In later times Northenden was sometimes called Northen.
There was a weir on the Mersey in the 14th century (where Mill Lane is now), and a mill was set up there to grind corn. It is recorded in the 16th century as belonging to the Tatton family of Wythenshawe Hall, who had the right to make all their tenants use the mill on payment of a fee. The weir and mill were demolished in the early 1960s.
As Northenden is on a major (and very old) crossing place of the Mersey on the salt road from Cheshire to Manchester, it prospered in medieval times. The ford was an important way into and out of and into Manchester (now Ford Lane), as there was no bridge over the Mersey between Sale and Stockport, until in 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army built a troop-bridge out of big poplar tree trunks where the B5095 (Manchester Road, Didsbury) now crosses the Mersey, south of Didsbury, in his abortive attempt to seize the crown of England. The Northenden ford was unusual because its northern and southern ends were not opposite each other, but people using the ford had to wade about 500 feet along the riverbed. The Simon's Bridge was built at the ford in 1901 to help access to Poor's Field, and the rent from this field was used by the church to buy blankets and clothes for the needy.
Distance from Manchester enabled Northenden to avoid the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. The nearest it came to industrialisation was a cottage industry in flax spinning. In the 1980s the area became part of the Mersey Valley Park, and the banks of the river form part of the Mersey Valley Trail.
Northenden began to develop as an attractive riverside township for Manchester's more affluent managers, clerks and tradesmen, and the Victorian and Edwardian development gives the village much of its present character. In the wake of Manchester's acquisition of Wythenshawe for a new garden city, Northenden became a district of Manchester in 1931.
Northenden is often referred to as a village by local residents, but during the first half of the 20th century, it expanded with suburban housing at the same time as the Wythenshawe housing estate was built. Northenden, whose centre was formerly Church Road, rapidly developed a new shopping centre along Palatine Road (a new road built to connect with Manchester) to service the new neighbourhood with shops, schools, a cinema (closed 1974), hotels, churches, small businesses and service industries.
Northenden railway station, between Sharston Road and Longley Lane in Sharston, served the area between 1866 and 1964. Passenger trains from Stockport Tiviot Dale to Warrington and Liverpool stopped here.
Northenden was one of the eight ancient parishes of the Macclesfield Hundred of Cheshire and included the township of Northen Etchells. Under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1886 the parish was split in two as Northen Etchells became a civil parish in its own right. In 1931, both parishes were incorporated into the civil parish and city of Manchester, along with the civil parish of Baguley, which was part of the Bucklow Hundred of Cheshire.
Northenden is a ward within the local authority of Manchester City Council. The ward is represented by three Labour Councillors: Sarah Russell (Lab), Sam Lynch (Lab), and Mary Monaghan (Lab).
|2004||Richard Cowell (Lab)||Ian Wilmott (Lab)||Michael Kane (Lab)|
|2006||Richard Cowell (Lab)||Ian Wilmott (Lab)||Michael Kane (Lab)|
|2007||Richard Cowell (Lab)||Sandra Bracegirdle (Lab)||Michael Kane (Lab)|
|2008||Richard Cowell (Lab)||Sandra Bracegirdle (Lab)||Martin Eakins (Lib Dems)|
|2010||Mary Di Mauro (Lib Dems)||Sandra Bracegirdle (Lab)||Martin Eakins (Lib Dems)|
|2011||Mary Di Mauro (Lib Dems)||Richard Cowell (Lab)||Martin Eakins (Lib Dems)|
|2012||Mary Di Mauro (Lib Dems)||Richard Cowell (Lab)||Fran Shone (Lab)|
|2014||Sarah Russell (Lab)||Richard Cowell (Lab)||Fran Shone (Lab)|
|2015||Sarah Russell (Lab)||Chris Webb (Lab)||Fran Shone (Lab)|
|2016||Sarah Russell (Lab)||Chris Webb (Lab)||Mary Monaghan (Lab)|
|2018||Sarah Russell (Lab)||Sam Lynch (Lab)||Mary Monaghan (Lab)|
|2019||Sarah Russell (Lab)||Sam Lynch (Lab)||Mary Monaghan (Lab)|
|2021||Sarah Russell (Lab)||Sam Lynch (Lab)||Mary Monaghan (Lab)|
indicates seat up for re-election.
Northenden is located in the southern end of the city of Manchester, 5.2 miles (8.4 km) from the city centre, and begins on the south bank of the River Mersey.
Present-day Northenden sits in a triangle formed by two motorways (the M56 and M60) and a main dual carriageway (Princess Parkway). Manchester Airport is approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) to the south by road.
Northenden is one of the many areas within Wythenshawe. It has the same postal code, is part of the Parliamentary constituency (Wythenshawe and Sale East), and is one of the five electoral wards of the Wythenshawe area. In 2003, following a review by the Boundary Committee for England, the Wythenshawe ward of Benchill was disestablished after it was named the most deprived ward in England in the Index of Multiple Deprivation (the Index is a governmental measure of local employment, income, health, education, housing, child poverty, and availability of local services). The area was then divided between the neighbouring wards of Sharston, Woodhouse Park, and Northenden. However, in 2006, after Manchester City Council erected a road sign that said "Welcome to Northenden, Wythenshawe", many Northenden residents objected to the inclusion of the word "Wythenshawe". The residents were accused by one local councillor of snobbish behaviour and attempting to distance themselves from the Wythenshawe area (which is primarily social housing) for the sake of house prices as well as wanting to be seen more as an extension of the affluent neighbouring Didsbury area. The city council agreed to remove the word "Wythenshawe" from the sign, though Northenden is still officially part of the Wythenshawe area.
Places of interestEdit
The Church of St Wilfrid, Northenden is a Grade II* listed building. Most of the church's structure dates from the 19th century, apart from the tower which was built in the 15th century. The 19th-century remodelling was done in red sandstone and is an example of Perpendicular Gothic architecture. St Wilfrid's contains a memorial to 19th-century railway chairman Sir Edward Watkin, founder of the Channel Tunnel Company, who is buried in the church grounds.
Northenden has the largest Jehovah's Witness Kingdom Hall in the area. The hall is housed in the former Forum Cinema on Palatine Road which was originally built in 1934 to designs by Charles Hartley. The Grade II listed building is a noted example of Art Deco Moderne architecture, with an elaborately decorated foyer and auditorium, and its white faience facade is a striking local landmark.
Northenden Social Club's first premises was a converted First World War army hut, originally used by the medical officer at Heaton Park. Buying it cost £114 and the club had to raise another £412 for it to be transported to their site and established as a social club. In front of the club is the Northenden War Memorial next to Palatine Road. It was a favourite Friday night haunt for Polish paratroopers and other allied soldiers they largely trained during the Second World War at what was Ringway Airport later to become Manchester Airport. It has fairly extensive grounds for parking, bowls and tennis.
The River Mersey passes through Northenden and one of its more popular parts is the weir, which now has a fish ladder enabling migrating salmon and sea trout to get upstream. The weir is flat with tiles and has only a thin sheet of water running down the weir as it is fairly wide. Fishing can be very good here as this stretch contains trout, roach, dace, eels, pike, salmon (mid autumn-mid-spring and this goes for sea trout), chub, barbel, and some grayling have been caught.
A footbridge crosses the Mersey above the weir, and it forms part of the Trans Pennine Trail walking and cycling route across England.
On the west bank of the Mersey stands the derelict Tatton Arms public house. Originally named the Boat House Inn, it was designed in 1874 by the architect James Redford and is a noted example of Tudor Revival architecture. The pub closed in 2007 and lies derelict, and it is scheduled for redevelopment as housing.
Northenden is covered by the South Manchester Division of Greater Manchester Police.
London-born businessman Absalom Watkin (1787–1861) purchased Rose Hill, a large villa off Longley Lane (now on Bronington Close), in 1832 as his family home. Watkin was a Liberal reformer and became a significant figure in Manchester politics, campaigning for an enquiry into the 1819 Peterloo Massacre. His son, Sir Edward Watkin (1819–1901), who became Lord Watkin of Rose Hill, was a Victorian railway magnate. He is especially remembered for his ambitious expansion of London's Metropolitan Railway and his visionary schemes for a Channel Tunnel and a a London rival to the Eiffel Tower. Today, Rose Hill is a Grade II* listed building.
The Doves wrote a song called Northenden. The lyrics include:
The kids are deranged
They love guns and kidnap Thats just the way we do things here The day dies down Not a moment too soon
Under the northenden afternoon
- "City of Manchester ward population 2011". Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names – M to N. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2008.
- "Key to English Place-names". kepn.nottingham.ac.uk.
- Deakin (1983), p. 5.
- "Mike Kane MP". parliament.uk. UK Parliament. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- "Councillor Sarah Russell". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- "Councillor Sam Lynch". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Councillor Mary Monaghan". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- "Manchester City Council – Wythenshawe Strategic Regeneration Framework".
- Towle, Nick (9 February 2006). "Road sign would've hit house prices". South Manchester Reporter. M.E.N. Media.
- Crawshaw, Julie. "MyWard". secure.manchester.gov.uk.
- "Church Of St Wilfrid, Manchester". Heritage Gateway Website. Heritage Gateway (English Heritage, Institute of Historic Building Conservation and ALGAO:England). 2006. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- Elleray, Kirsty (4 December 2002). "The nearly man of Northenden". South Manchester Reporter. M.E.N. Media. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- Historic England. "Assembly Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses (1385002)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
- "Tatton Arms Hothen Northenden - Building | Architects of Greater Manchester". manchestervictorianarchitects.org.uk. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
- Cooper (2007), p. 131.
- "Rose Hill House". Friends of Rose Hill. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- Northenden Civic Society
- St Wilfrid's, Northenden (the locality: where it is, its history) Archived 1 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Northenden Conservation Area
- Northenden Past Archived 16 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Northenden Railway Station
- Northenden Riverside Park
- Northenden Mill
- Northenden Social Club history