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Alphesiboea (Ancient Greek: Ἀλφεσιβοίας) was the name of several characters in Greek mythology:[1]

  • Alphesiboea, the mother of Adonis with Phoenix (son of Agenor).[2]
  • Alphesiboea, a daughter of King Phegeus of Psophis in Arcadia.[3] She was the sister of Axion and Temenus, and married Alcmaeon who was purified by her father for the murder of his mother Eriphyle. Alphesiboea was deserted by her husband for the love of Callirhoe, daughter of the river-god Achelous. In revenge, her brothers Axion and Temenus at the command of their father treacherously slew their brother-in-law. Phegeus was also said to have murdered Alcmaeon himself[4] and also Alphesiboea's unnamed daughter.[5] Later on, the widowed sister, Alphesiboea killed her own brothers in revenge of her husbands's death.[6] In some versions of this myth, she is called Arsinoe.[7]
  • Alphesiboea who, according to Theocritus, was a daughter of Bias, and the wife of Pelias.[8] This character, however, is usually called Anaxibia.
  • Alphesiboea, an Indian nymph, who was passionately loved by Dionysus, but could not be induced to yield to his wishes, until the god changed himself into a tiger, and thus compelled her by fear to allow him to carry her across the river Sollax, which from this circumstance received the name of Tigris. With him, she became mother of Medes.[9]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867). "Alphesiboea". In William Smith (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. p. 134. Archived from the original on 2008-05-27.
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.14.4
  3. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 8.24.8
  4. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 245
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 244
  6. ^ Propertius, Elegies 1.15.23
  7. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.7.5
  8. ^ Theocritus, Idylls 3.45
  9. ^ Pseudo-Plutarch, De fluviis 24

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Alphesiboea". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.