Aretus (/əˈrtəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἄρητος, Árētos) was one of several characters in Greek mythology:

  • King Aretus of Pylos, son of Nestor and Eurydice[1] (or Anaxibia[2]). He was the brother to Thrasymedes, Pisidice, Polycaste, Perseus, Stratichus, Peisistratus, Echephron and Antilochus.
  • Aretus, prince of Troy and one of fifty sons of Priam. He was killed by Automedon. Aretus was known for his love of horses and was said to be the protector of horses by the Greek people. Cavalry soldiers were often known to pray to Aretus and Allamenium before going into battle.[3]
  • Aretus, a Bebrycian who helped to bind gauntlets about the hands of Amycus for his boxing-match. He was later killed by Clytius, one of the Argonauts.[4]
  • Aretus, armed his force under compulsion and joined King Deriades of India against Dionysus in the Indian War. His sons were dumb because while he was sacrificing to Aphrodite the day of his marriage, a pregnant sow gave birth to a bastard brood of marine creatures. A seer was asked and he foretold a succession of dumb children to come, like the voiceless generation of the sea. After the war Dionysus restored their voices. His sons, whom he had by Laobie, were Lycus, Myrsus, Glaucus, Periphas and Melaneus.[5]
  • Aretus, a warrior in the army of Dionysus during the Indian War. He was killed by King Deriades of India.[6]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1.9.9
  2. ^ Homer, Odyssey 3.414
  3. ^ Homer, Iliad 17.495-525
  4. ^ Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 2.51 & 2.117
  5. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26.250 ff.
  6. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 32.188

ReferencesEdit