MS Allure of the Seas
|Name:||Allure of the Seas|
|Owner:||Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.|
|Operator:||Royal Caribbean International|
|Port of registry:||Nassau, Bahamas|
|Ordered:||31 March 2007|
|Builder:||STX Europe Turku Shipyard, Finland|
|Cost:||US$1.2 billion (2006)|
|Laid down:||2 December 2008|
|Launched:||20 November 2009|
|Christened:||28 November 2010|
|Maiden voyage:||1 December 2010|
|Class and type:||Oasis-class cruise ship|
|Displacement:||Approximately 100,000 tons|
|Length:||362 m (1,187 ft)|
|Height:||72 m (236 ft) above water line|
|Draught:||9.322 m (30.6 ft)|
|Depth:||22.5 m (74 ft)|
|Decks:||16 passenger decks|
|Speed:||22.6 knots (41.9 km/h; 26.0 mph)|
|Crew:||2,384 as of July 2012[update]|
|Notes:||50 mm (2.0 in) longer than Oasis|
MS Allure of the Seas is an Oasis-class cruise ship owned and operated by Royal Caribbean International. As of April 2016[update] the Oasis class were the largest passenger ships ever in service, and Allure is 50 millimetres (2.0 in) longer than her sister ship Oasis of the Seas, though both were built to the same specifications. Designed under the name "Project Genesis", she was ordered from Aker Finnyards in February 2006 and her construction began at the Perno shipyard, Turku, Finland, in February 2008. She was named in May 2008 after a contest was held to name her and her sister. The keel of Allure of the Seas was laid on 2 December 2008, shortly after the shipyard had been acquired by STX Europe.
Upon her launch in November 2009, she became the world's largest passenger ship, taking the place of Oasis of the Seas. She was eclipsed by her sister ship, Harmony of the Seas, upon its launch in June 2016. Harmony has an overall length of 362.12 metres (1,188.1 ft).
The keel of Allure of the Seas was laid on 2 December 2008 at the STX Europe shipyards in Turku, Finland, during a ceremony involving Royal Caribbean and STX representatives. She was launched on 20 November 2009, and outfitting continued through her departure from the yards. She left the Turku shipyard on 29 October 2010 at 05:45 UTC, heading directly to her future home port of Port Everglades, near Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA. The ship is equipped with telescoping funnels to pass under bridges such as the Storebælt Bridge, which she passed on 30 October 2010. While media has reported that there was only 30 centimetres (12 in) of clearance, the truth is that at the mean water level it was closer to 2–3 metres (6.6–9.8 ft) and the much-advertised squat effect, whereby vessels traveling at speed in a shallow channel will be drawn deeper into the water, did not have significant effect on the draft of the vessel.
In February 2014, Allure of the Seas entered dry dock at Grand Bahama island for seven days to replace a damaged gearbox in one of her Azipods. As the dry dock facility was not large enough to fully accommodate an Oasis-class ship, a unique solution had to be devised to allow the replacement, known as "Project Atlantis". During her time in dry dock, the crew used the downtime to make numerous repairs and refurbishments to the guest facilities, including the installation of new carpets.
Allure of the Seas sailed year-round in the Caribbean region out of Port Everglades from its homeporting in 2010 through 2014. She changed port to Barcelona and sailed the Mediterranean between May and October 2015, becoming the largest cruise ship and the first Oasis-class ship to spend a full season in that region. Afterward, she returned to Port Everglades.
Allure of the Seas will change its home port in November 2018 to the Port of Miami, where Royal Caribbean will construct a new cruise terminal. She will be joined by the fourth Oasis-class vessel, MS Symphony of the Seas, and both will sail year-round from the port offering seven-night Western and Eastern Caribbean cruises.
While the design length of Allure of the Seas is the same as that of her sister, 360 metres (1,181 ft), she is actually 362 metres (1,187 ft) long and is some 50 millimetres (2 in) longer than Oasis of the Seas. According to the shipyard, this is not intentional and such small differences in length may occur simply due to the temperature of the steel in a ship as big as this. The gross tonnage of Allure of the Seas is 225,282 and her displacement is equal to that of Oasis of the Seas, which is estimated to be around 100,000 metric tons, slightly less than that of an American Nimitz-class aircraft carrier. Her steel hull alone weighs roughly 54,000 tons.
The ship features a two-deck dance hall, a theatre with 1,380 seats, an ice skating rink, 7 distinct "neighborhoods", and 25 dining options, including the first Starbucks coffee shop at sea. Many of the ship's interiors were extensively decorated by muralist Clarissa Parish.
Before beginning service from Port Everglades, Allure of the Seas was fitted with an 80 kW solar array by BAM Energy Group which powers the shopping district. The system cost US$600,000 and covers an area of 2,000 m2 (21,530 sq ft). It uses Uni-Solar BIPV laminates designed to withstand foot traffic and marine conditions.
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