Second Yanukovych government(Redirected from Alliance of National Unity)
Second Yanukovych Government was a governing coalition of the Party of Regions, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party in Ukraine after the Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2006 and the 2006 Ukrainian political crisis. Until 24 March 2007, it was known as Anti-Crisis Alliance (Ukrainian: Антикризова коаліція).
|Second Yanukovych Government|
|12th cabinet of Ukraine (since 1990)|
|Date formed||August 4, 2006|
|Date dissolved||December 18, 2007|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Viktor Yushchenko|
|Head of government||Viktor Yanukovych|
|Deputy head of government||Mykola Azarov|
|No. of ministers||26|
|Member party||Party of Regions|
Communist Party of Ukraine
Socialist Party of Ukraine
|Status in legislature||Coalition of National Unity|
|Opposition party||Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc|
|Opposition leader||Yulia Tymoshenko|
|Legislature term(s)||5 years|
|Successor||Second Tymoshenko government|
Initially the Our Ukraine Bloc intended to join the coalition and five of its ministers were initially appointed into Cabinet of Ministers of the coalition; Justice Minister Roman Zvarych, Family and Sports Minister Yuriy Pavlenko, Emergency Situations Minister Viktor Baloha, Culture Minister Ihor Likhovyy, and Health Minister Yuriy Polyachenko. By November 2006 these five ministers were dismissed by parliament or withdrawn by Our Ukraine Bloc.
- Party of Regions (186)
- Socialist Party of Ukraine (31)
- Communist Party of Ukraine (21)
- Yulia Tymoshenko Electoral Bloc (6)
- Our Ukraine Bloc (5)
At its highest point the Alliance consisted of 260 members, and the trend was that opposition members were willing to join the Alliance, and thereby undermine the authority of the President and move towards the 300-member constitutional majority.
Fall of cabinetEdit
President of Ukraine Yushchenko dissolved parliament on 2 April 2007 because he believed the government was acting illegally during the 2007 Ukrainian political crisis. Yushchenko argued that the constitution only allows whole parliamentary blocs to change sides, not individuals deputies. Yushchenko, Yanukovych and parliamentary speaker Oleksandr Moroz agreed in late May 2007 that the election would be held on 30 September, provided that at least 150 opposition and pro-president MPs formally gave up their seats, thereby creating the legal grounds for dissolving parliament. This happened.
|Faction||Number of deputies||For||Against||Abstained||Didn't vote||Absent|
|Party of Regions Faction||186||179||0||2||4||1|
|Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc||129||5||0||0||0||124|
|Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc||80||34||0||0||6||40|
|Socialist Party of Ukraine||33||30||1||0||0||2|
|Communist Party of Ukraine||21||21||0||0||0||0|
The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of the Alliance of National Unity was appointed on August 4, 2006; it served until the twelfth Cabinet and Second Tymoshenko Government was chosen on December 18, 2007. Its composition was:
- Prime Minister — Viktor Yanukovych (Party of Regions)
- First Vice Prime Minister, Finance Minister — Mykola Azarov (Party of Regions)
- Vice Prime Minister in affairs of Building, Architecture and Housing and Communal Services — Volodymyr Rybak
- Vice Prime Minister — Andriy Klyuyev (Party of Regions)
- Vice Prime Minister — Dmytro Tabachnyk (Party of Regions)
- Vice Prime Minister — Viktor Slauta
- Vice Prime Minister — Volodymyr Radchenko (January 12 — May 25, 2007) replaced with Oleksandr Kuzmuk
- Minister of Internal Affairs — Vasyl Tsushko (Socialist Party of Ukraine)
- Minister for Foreign Affairs — Borys Tarasyuk (dismissed on December 1, 2006) replaced with Arseniy Yatsenyuk
- Minister of Coal Mining Industry — Serhiy Tulub (Party of Regions)
- Minister of Culture — Yuriy Bohutsky
- Minister of Defense — Anatoliy Hrytsenko
- Minister of Economy — Volodymyr Makukha replaced with Anatoliy Kinakh (Industrials and Entrepreneurs)
- Minister of Education and Science — Stanislav Nikolaenko
- Fuel and Energy Minister — Yuriy Boyko
- Minister of Labor and Social Policy — Mykhailo Papiev
- Health Minister — Yuriy Polyachenko
- Minister of Agro-Industrial Complex — Yuriy Melnyk (Ukrainian People's Party)
- Minister of Industrial Policy — Anatoliy Holovko
- Minister of Environmental Protection — Vasyl Dzharty
- Minister of Transport and Communications — Mykola Rudkovsky
- Minister of Emergencies — Nestor Shufrych
- Minister for Family, Youth and Sport — Viktor Korzh
- Minister of Justice — Oleksandr Lavrynovych
- Minister in connections with Verkhovna Rada and other state authorities — Ivan Tkalenko
- Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers — Anatoliy Tolstoukhov
- "Agreement on creation of Anti-Crisis Coalition beetwean parties" (in Ukrainian). 2006-07-07.
- "Ukrainian ruling parliamentary coalition renamed as Alliance of National Unity". People's Daily Online. 2007-04-27.
- Analysis: The Faces Of Ukraine's New Cabinet, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (8 August 2006)
- Verkhovna Rada approves new Cabinet members, UNIAN (11 November 2006)
- Ukraine on its meandering path between East and West by Andrej Lushnycky and Mykola Riabchuk, Peter Lang, 2009, ISBN 3-03911-607-X (page 38)
- "Ukraine: Two Viktors, But No Clear Winner". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved October 6, 2006.
- "Transcript of Verkhovna Rada meeting" (in Ukrainian). Official parliament website. 2007-04-06. pp. at about 13:27:02.
- "Coalition officially reduced to 238 deputies" (in Ukrainian). UNIAN. 2007-04-06.
- Q&A: Ukrainian parliamentary poll , BBC News (1 October 2007)
- announcement on the Ukrainian parliamentary official website
- Laws of Ukraine. Order of the Verkhovna Rada No. 10-VI: On the formation of the composition of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Adopted on 2007-12-18. (Ukrainian)
- (Yushchenko issued a decree that Tarasyuk must keep his job. Despite a court order and a presidential decree, he was not allowed to enter cabinet meetings. Tarasyuk resigned at the end of January 2007)
- Governmental Portal of Ukraine - official site of the Cabinet of Ministers