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Second Yanukovych government

  (Redirected from Alliance of National Unity)

Second Yanukovych Government was a governing coalition of the Party of Regions, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party in Ukraine[1] after the Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2006 and the 2006 Ukrainian political crisis. Until 24 March 2007, it was known as Anti-Crisis Alliance (Ukrainian: Антикризова коаліція).[2]

Second Yanukovych Government
12th cabinet of Ukraine (since 1990)
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Date formedAugust 4, 2006
Date dissolvedDecember 18, 2007
People and organisations
Head of stateViktor Yushchenko
Head of governmentViktor Yanukovych
Deputy head of governmentMykola Azarov
No. of ministers26
Member partyParty of Regions
Communist Party of Ukraine
Socialist Party of Ukraine
Status in legislatureCoalition of National Unity
Opposition partyYulia Tymoshenko Bloc
NUNS
Opposition leaderYulia Tymoshenko
History
Legislature term(s)5 years
PredecessorYekhanurov government
SuccessorSecond Tymoshenko government

Contents

HistoryEdit

Initially the Our Ukraine Bloc intended to join the coalition and five of its ministers were initially appointed into Cabinet of Ministers of the coalition; Justice Minister Roman Zvarych, Family and Sports Minister Yuriy Pavlenko, Emergency Situations Minister Viktor Baloha, Culture Minister Ihor Likhovyy, and Health Minister Yuriy Polyachenko.[3] By November 2006 these five ministers were dismissed by parliament or withdrawn by Our Ukraine Bloc.[4][5][6]

Before the crisis which sparked the 2007 parliamentary election, the coalition consisted of the following 249 members of parliamentary parties:

At its highest point the Alliance consisted of 260 members, and the trend was that opposition members were willing to join the Alliance, and thereby undermine the authority of the President and move towards the 300-member constitutional majority.

On April 6, 2007 the coalition's members count was reduced to 238 members:[7][8]

Fall of cabinetEdit

President of Ukraine Yushchenko dissolved parliament on 2 April 2007 because he believed the government was acting illegally during the 2007 Ukrainian political crisis. Yushchenko argued that the constitution only allows whole parliamentary blocs to change sides, not individuals deputies. Yushchenko, Yanukovych and parliamentary speaker Oleksandr Moroz agreed in late May 2007 that the election would be held on 30 September, provided that at least 150 opposition and pro-president MPs formally gave up their seats, thereby creating the legal grounds for dissolving parliament. This happened.[9]

CreationEdit

Faction[10] Number of deputies For Against Abstained Didn't vote Absent
Party of Regions Faction 186 179 0 2 4 1
Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc 129 5 0 0 0 124
Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc 80 34 0 0 6 40
Socialist Party of Ukraine 33 30 1 0 0 2
Communist Party of Ukraine 21 21 0 0 0 0
All factions 449 269 1 2 10 167


CompositionEdit

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of the Alliance of National Unity was appointed on August 4, 2006;[11] it served until the twelfth Cabinet and Second Tymoshenko Government was chosen on December 18, 2007.[12] Its composition was:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Agreement on creation of Anti-Crisis Coalition beetwean parties" (in Ukrainian). 2006-07-07.
  2. ^ "Ukrainian ruling parliamentary coalition renamed as Alliance of National Unity". People's Daily Online. 2007-04-27.
  3. ^ Analysis: The Faces Of Ukraine's New Cabinet, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (8 August 2006)
  4. ^ Verkhovna Rada approves new Cabinet members, UNIAN (11 November 2006)
  5. ^ Ukraine on its meandering path between East and West by Andrej Lushnycky and Mykola Riabchuk, Peter Lang, 2009, ISBN 3-03911-607-X (page 38)
  6. ^ "Ukraine: Two Viktors, But No Clear Winner". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved October 6, 2006.
  7. ^ "Transcript of Verkhovna Rada meeting" (in Ukrainian). Official parliament website. 2007-04-06. pp. at about 13:27:02.
  8. ^ "Coalition officially reduced to 238 deputies" (in Ukrainian). UNIAN. 2007-04-06.
  9. ^ Q&A: Ukrainian parliamentary poll , BBC News (1 October 2007)
  10. ^ http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/radan_gs09/ns_arh_golos?g_id=51705&n_skl=5
  11. ^ announcement on the Ukrainian parliamentary official website
  12. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Order of the Verkhovna Rada No. 10-VI: On the formation of the composition of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Adopted on 2007-12-18. (Ukrainian)
  13. ^ (Yushchenko issued a decree that Tarasyuk must keep his job. Despite a court order and a presidential decree, he was not allowed to enter cabinet meetings. Tarasyuk resigned at the end of January 2007)

External linksEdit