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Andriy Petrovych Klyuyev (Ukrainian: Андрій Петрович Клюєв, Russian: Андрей Петрович Клюев), also spelled as Andrii Kliuiev or Kluev/Klyuev, is a Ukrainian businessman and politician, ranked as 7th "Most influential person in Ukraine" in 2011 by Korrespondent.[4] He is a former head of the Presidential Administration of Ukraine.[1][2] Prior to this he was Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine for two years.[5][6] His brother Serhiy Klyuyev is also politician and businessman.[7] In 2006 experts estimated the joint assets of the Klyuyev brothers to be US$144 million.[7] In June 2009, the Klyuyev brothers were ranked 48th in the Korrespondent 's list of Top 50 richest Ukrainians with the estimated wealth of US$227 million.[8] As of 2011, the Klyuyevs own a mansion on a 27-hectare (67-acre) site near Vienna at Tulbing, Groissaustraße 12, and a large 17-hectare (42-acre) site at Rudyky (Рудики).[9] He was last seen with Viktor Yanukovych in Balaklava, Ukraine in 2014.[10] But has since been on Russian television shows.[11] Klyuyev himself claims that he started to live in Donetsk in 2014, which he considers Ukrainian territory (although Donetsk is not controlled by Ukrainian authorities since the start of the War in Donbas in 2014).[12]

Andriy Klyuyev
Андрій Клюєв
Андрей Клюев
KlyevAP.jpg
Andriy Klyuyev
2nd Head of the Presidential Administration of Ukraine
In office
January 24, 2014[1] – February 23, 2014[2][3]
PresidentViktor Yanukovych
Preceded bySerhiy Levochkin
9th Secretary of RNBO of Ukraine
In office
February 14, 2012 – January 24, 2014[1]
PresidentViktor Yanukovych
Preceded byRaisa Bohatyryova
Succeeded byAndriy Parubiy
17th First Vice Prime Minister
In office
March 11, 2010 – February 14, 2012
Prime MinisterMykola Azarov
Preceded byOleksandr Turchynov
Succeeded byValeriy Khoroshkovskyi
1st Minister of Economic Development and Trade
In office
December 9, 2010 – February 14, 2012
Prime MinisterMykola Azarov
Preceded byVasyl Tsushko (as Minister of Economy)
Succeeded byPetro Poroshenko
Vice Prime Minister (Fuel-Energy Complex)
In office
December 10, 2003 – December 29, 2004
Prime MinisterViktor Yanukovych
In office
August 4, 2006 – December 18, 2007
Prime MinisterViktor Yanukovych
Personal details
Born
Andriy Petrovych Klyuyev

(1964-08-12) August 12, 1964 (age 54)
Donetsk, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Political partyParty of Regions
RelativesSerhiy Klyuyev (brother)
Alma materDonetsk National Technical University
Signature

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Andriy Klyuyev graduated from the Mining College of the Donetsk Politech Institute as a mining automation and mechanization engineer. He also earned his Candidate of Technical Sciences post-graduate degree in 1989.

Klyuyev started working in 1983 as an underground miner at Zasyadko coal mine, then becoming a foreman at the Gorki Mine in 1984. After graduation he worked as the deputy chief and then chief of mine transport at Bilorichenska Mine (Voroshylovhradvuhillya state holding in Luhansk Oblast). From 1986 to 1991 Klyuyev conducted full-time postgraduate research at his alma mater.

Business careerEdit

From 1991 to 1994, Andriy Klyuyev headed several coal mining-related machine building companies, including "Ukrpidshipnyk" SC[7] which is widely mentioned as his own company. In March 2011, Ukrpodshipnik is headquartered in the same building in Ukraine as Activ Solar's Ukraine representative.[13]

Klyuyev and his younger brother Serhiy Klyuyev sold Active Bank in March 2013, as all stakes in solar business were sold in 2008 already.[14]

Klyuyev has been repeatedly accused by journalists of being "a shadowy oligarch"[15] with business links to (former President) Viktor Yanukovych's family, allegedly using his power to secure multi-billion contracts.[16][17][18]

Andrii and Serhii Kliuiev were the principal beneficiaries in the Austrian holding company SLAV AG.[19] As of February 2014, the Klyuyev brothers relationships with other entities can be found here.[20]

In 2011, the Kliuiev brothers controlled five solar plants (Crimea Solar 1-5) outside of Simferopol at Rodnykoye.[13] All of these plants were subsidiaries of Activ Solar which is part of the Activ Solar Holding GmbH which is a subsidiary of SLAV Beteiligung GmbH, which is part of Slav AG.[13] Just prior to the Maidan revolution, Andrii and Serhii Kliuiev sold their shares in Vienna based Activ Solar GmbH and Clean Economic Energie (CEE) AG, which is a holding company that operates solar power plants in Crimea with 380 MWp capacity and 500 MWh annual production.[21]

In March 2016, the Klyuyev brothers' company SLAV Handel applied for bankruptcy in Vienna at the International Court of Arbitration of Vienna International Chamber of Commerce.[22]

Political careerEdit

Donbas politicsEdit

Since 1994 Klyuyev was a deputy chairman of the Donetsk Oblast Executive Council. From November 1995 to April 1996 he was a Deputy Head of the Donetsk Oblast State Administration, responsible for local development, trade, and consumer goods production.[citation needed]

National-level politicsEdit

After a career in Donetsk Oblast, at the time working closely with later and current President Viktor Yanukovych, Klyuyev moved to national politics. On December 14, 2001 Klyuyev was elected the deputy chairman of the Party of Regions. At the 2002 election, he became a member of the Verkhovna Rada for the Party of Regions, working as head of the Energy, Nuclear Policy and Nuclear Safety Committee. On April 19, 2003 at the 5th Party Congress Klyuyev was elected the secretary of the party's political council.

Yanukovych election campaign 2010Edit

From 2003 to 2004 Klyuyev was the Energy Vice Prime Minister in the First Yanukovych Government.[7]

Klyuyev is described in the press as the Yanukovych's shadow campaign head in 2010 presidential election, following Borys Kolesnikov as head of the electoral headquarter of the Party of Regions. He got named Deputy Vice Prime Minister only, since more influential competitors insight the Party of Regions managed to occupy the posts of the Head of the Presidential administration and the Prime Minister.

Opposition and Azarov GovernmentEdit

At the 2006 and 2007 parliamentary elections, Klyuyev was re-elected as a deputy for Party of Regions.

On March 11, 2010 Klyuyev was appointed the First Vice-Prime Minister in the Azarov Government, and after the Yanukovych administrative reform on December 9, 2010 he also has accepted the assignment of the Minister of Economic Development and Trade.[7]

National Security and Defense CouncilEdit

On February 14, 2012, Klyuyev was appointed Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (NSDC).[5][6] Insiders in the Party of Regions always claimed that his removal from the post of the First Vice Prime Minister, responsible for the European Integration of Ukraine, happened due to the personal conflict with the Head of the Presidential Administration, Sergiy Lyovochkin and was to be seen as a punishment for his influential position within the institutions of the European Union.[citation needed]

This shift placed Klyuyev, as the chief campaign manager of the Party of Regions, in the position to ensure that the Party of Regions would win the elections in the fall of 2012.[23]

NSDC secretary sees Azarov as likely candidate for premiership.[24]

Presidential Administration of UkraineEdit

On 24 January 2014, President Yanukovych signed a decrees that dismissed Klyuyev as National Security and Defense Council secretary and appointed him head of the Presidential Administration of Ukraine.[1] On 23 February 2014, just after the "Maidan revolution",[25][26] Klyuyev resigned from this post.[2] His spokesman, Artem Petrenko, claimed 2 days later that Klyuyev's had been wounded when his car had been attacked while he was travelling back to Kiev from Crimea after tendering his resignation to former President Yanukovych.[2][27] Since 7 March 2014 he is wanted for involvement in mass murder.[28] The day before the EU froze his assets.[29]

2019 Ukrainian parliamentary electionEdit

In June 2019 the Central Election Commission of Ukraine refused Klyuyev to register for the 21 July 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election is a candidate for the Liberal Party of Ukraine in Electoral District 46 situated in Donetsk Oblast because he had not lived in Ukraine for 5 years.[30][12] The Supreme Court ordered the Central Election Commission on 1 July 2019 to reexamin Klyuyev's application and his claim that he had lived in Donetsk the last 5 year and that since Donetsk is Ukrainian territory he lived in Ukraine the last 5 years (although Donetsk is not controlled by Ukrainian authorities since the start of the War in Donbas in 2014).[12] The same day the Central Election Commission registered Klyuyev's candidacy.[12]

Sanctions by Switzerland, Lichtenstein, the European Union, Canada, the United States, and othersEdit

For his roles in destabilizing Ukraine, his role in the Victor Yanukovych government, his support for pro-Russia individuals and entities in Ukraine, abuse of office, and embezzlement of public funds, Klyuyev is under sanctions by Switzerland since February 26, 2014, Lichtenstein since March 3, 2014, the European Union since March 6, 2014,[31] Canada,[32] and the United States since July 30, 2015.[33][34][35]

On February 21, 2018, his younger brother Serhii had some EU sanctions removed for the 2017–2018 period, and later, in July 2018, Andrii Kliuiev had some EU sanctions lifted for 2017–2018. However, his accounts in the EU are still frozen until March 9, 2019, because of ongoing EU sanctions.[36][37][38][39]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Kliuyev appointed presidential chief of staff, Interfax-Ukraine (24 January 2014)
  2. ^ a b c d Kliuyev resigns, wounded, no threat to his life - spokesman, Interfax-Ukraine (25 February 2014)
  3. ^ "Клюєв подав у відставку". unian.ua.
  4. ^ Design Maxim Tkachuk; web-architecture by Volkova Dasha; Yuriy Sokolov; templated by Alexey Kovtanets; programming by Irina Batvina; Maxim Bielushkin; Sergey Bogatyrchuk; Borshchanenko Maksym; Vitaliy Galkin; Victor Lushkin; Dmitry Medun; Igor Sitnikov; Vladimir Tarasov; Alexander Filippov; Sergei Koshelev; Yaroslav Ostapiuk; Viktor Voitenko. "Андрей Клюев – Досье на Корреспондент, Фото и Видео, Последние Новости, Биография". Корреспондент. Archived from the original on 2012-06-18. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
  5. ^ a b "President presents newly appointed NSDC Secretary" (Press release). Administration of President. 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  6. ^ a b "Ukrainian president replaces National Security and Defense Council secretary". Interfax. 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  7. ^ a b c d e ‹See Tfd›(in Russian) Клюев Андрей Петрович, Информационно-аналитический центр "ЛІГА"
  8. ^ "Korrespondent's 2009 top 50 richest Ukrainians list released - Jun. 11, 2009". KyivPost. 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  9. ^ ГУМЕНЮК (Humenyuk), НАТАЛІЯ (Nataliya); ЛЕЩЕНКО (Leshschenko), СЕРГІЙ (Serhii) (December 29, 2011). Житло родини Клюєва у Австрії [Housing for the Klyuyev family in Austria]. Ukrainskaya Pravda (in Ukrainian). Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  10. ^ "Ukraine interim leaders warn of 'unpopular steps' ahead". BBC News.
  11. ^ "Новини | Українська правда". pda.pravda.com.ua. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  12. ^ a b c d ‹See Tfd›(in Ukrainian) The Supreme Court forced the CEC to re-examine Klyuyev's documents, Ukrayinska Pravda (1 July 2019)
    ‹See Tfd›(in Ukrainian) The CEC registered Klyuyev and Sharia as candidates for the People's Commissariat, Ukrayinska Pravda (1 July 2019)
  13. ^ a b c Onyshkiv, Yuriy (May 20, 2011). "Klyuyev's solar energy companies shine brightly". Kyiv Post. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  14. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Ukrainian) Брати Клюєви вийшли з банківського бізнесу Brothers Klyuyev out of the banking business, Ukrayinska Pravda (11 March 2013)
  15. ^ Ukraine: Milking both cows
  16. ^ Офшорний дах для Януковича та Клюєва ‹See Tfd›(in Ukrainian), Serhyi Leshchenko: Tax Haven of Yanukovych and Kluyev (republished in English)
  17. ^ "Корреспондент: Деньги из солнца. Украинская станция переработки солнечной энергии стала поводом для международного скандала". korrespondent.net.
  18. ^ Expect Fraud (Kyiv Post editorial)
  19. ^ Forina, Anastasia (February 7, 2014). "Klyuyev brothers politically exposed". Kyiv Post. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  20. ^ Forina, Anastasia (February 7, 2014). "The Klyuyev Brothers Money Laundering Scheme". Kyiv Post. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  21. ^ "Activ Solar GmbH and Clean Economic Energie AG Implicated in Ukraine Sanctions". Corr Analytics. Kiev. April 30, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  22. ^ "Klyuyev's Austrian companies declare bankruptcy amid EU sanctions". UNIAN. March 9, 2016. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  23. ^ Olszański, Tadeusz A. (22 February 2012). "A reshuffle in the Ukrainian government as an element of preparations for the election". Centre for Eastern Studies (OSW). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  24. ^ Список депутатів нової Верховної Ради [List of deputies of the new Verkhovna Rada]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 11 November 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  25. ^ "Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president". BBC News. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  26. ^ "Ukraine protests timeline". BBC News. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  27. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Turchynov warns of 'separatism' risk". BBC News. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  28. ^ "Yanukovych heads list of those wanted for crimes". KyivPost.
  29. ^ "EU imposes assets freeze on Yanukovich and 'family'". Financial Times.
  30. ^ CEC registers 212 more majoritarian candidates for parliament, 430 more party-list candidates, rejects Kliuyev's application, Interfax-Ukraine (23 June 2019)
  31. ^ "Side-by-Side List of Sanctioned Russian and Ukrainian/Crimean Entities and Individuals" (PDF). Bryan Cave. December 22, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  32. ^ "Comparison of Persons Subject to Sanctions Imposed by the United States, EU, Canada, and Australia Regarding Ukraine and Russia" (PDF). Stewart Law. March 22, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  33. ^ "Treasury Sanctions Individuals and Entities Involved In Sanctions Evasion Related To Russia and Ukraine". United States Treasury. July 30, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  34. ^ "Ukraine-related Designations; Sectoral Sanctions Identifications; Cote d'Ivoire Designation Removals; Issuance of an Important Crimea Sanctions Advisory". United States Treasury. July 30, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  35. ^ "Treasury Sanctions Individuals and Entities Involved In Sanctions Evasion Related To Russia and Ukraine". United States Embassy in Ukraine. Kiev. July 30, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  36. ^ Зняття санкцій: секрет успіху Клюєва: Суд ЄС зняв санкції з депутата ВР Сергія Клюєва. Вперше суд скасував чинні санкції проти оточення Януковича, а не санкції минулих років. Причина та сама: брак поступу у розслідуванні кримінальних справ [The lifting of sanctions, the secret of Klyuyev's success: EU court has lifted sanctions against MP Sergey Klyuyev. For the first time, the court abolished the current sanctions against the Yanukovych's administration, but not all the sanctions of past years. The reason is the same: the lack of progress in the investigation of criminal cases.]. DW (in Ukrainian). February 21, 2018. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  37. ^ Генпрокуратура звинувачує у знятті санкцій з Клюєва-молодшого Євросоюз: Чому скорочується санкційний список ЄС проти оточення Януковича? Із цим запитанням депутати Верховної Ради викликали для звіту представника Генпрокуратури. Прокурор здивував відповіддю: винен Євросоюз [Prosecutor General's Office accused of lifting European Union sanctions against the younger Klyuyev: Why is the EU sanctions list against Yanukovych's administration shrinking? With this question, the deputies of the Verkhovna Rada called for the report from a representative of the Prosecutor General's Office. The prosecutor gave a surprising answer: the European Union is guilty.]. DW (in Ukrainian). March 1, 2018. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  38. ^ Суд ЄС анулював частину санкцій проти Андрія Клюєва: Анульовано санкції періоду 2017-2018 років, які були накладені на Андрія Клюєва. Суд ЄС вказав на недостатність підстав, на основі яких ім'я екс-глави адміністрації Януковича залишалося у санкційному списку [EU Court annulled part of sanctions against Andriy Klyuyev: The sanctions of the 2017-2018 period, which were imposed on Andriy Klyuyev, were annulled. The EU Court pointed to the lack of grounds on the basis of which the name of the former head of the Yanukovych administration remained in the sanction list.]. DW (in Ukrainian). July 11, 2018. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  39. ^ "EU court lifts part of Andriy Klyuyev's sanctions: The former head of Yanukovych's administration was placed on the sanctions list in March 2014". UNIAN. July 11, 2018. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Serhiy Lyovochkin
Head of the Presidential Administration
2014
Succeeded by
Oleh Rafalsky