Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer

Dewan Bahadur Sir Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer (14 May 1883 – 3 October 1953) was an Indian lawyer and member of the Constituent Assembly of India, which was responsible for framing the Constitution of India. He also served as the advocate general of Madras State from 1929 to 1944. Neuroscientist Vilayanur S. Ramachandran is his grandson. Alladi Ramakrishnan, an Indian physicist and the founder of the Institute of Mathematical Sciences was his son.

Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar
Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
3 April 1952 – 3 October 1953
Member of Constituent Assembly of India
In office
9 December 1946 – 24 January 1950
Advocate General of Madras Presidency
In office
Preceded byT. R. Venkatarama Sastri
Succeeded byP. V. Rajamannar
Personal details
Born(1883-05-14)14 May 1883
Pudur, Madras Presidency, India (present day Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh)
Died(1953-10-03)3 October 1953
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Early life edit

Krishnaswamy Iyer was born in a Dravida Brahmin family[1][2][3] in 1883 in the small village of Pudur in Madras State (present day Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh). His father, Ekamra Sastry, was a priest. Krishnaswamy passed his matriculation examination in 1899 and joined the Madras Christian College to study history. He used his spare time to attend classes in law and passed the B.L. exam and became one of the leading members of the bar. He was made a Dewan Bahadur in 1930 and was knighted in the 1932 New Year Honours list.[4] He was married to Venkalakshmamma.

Career edit

He was the Advocate General of the Madras Presidency from 1929 to 1944. He played a major role in drafting the Constitution of India.[5] In 1951, Iyer represented Champakam Dorairajan in the State of Madras v. Champakam Dorairajan (AIR 1951 SC 226) which struck down the Communal G.O of Madras state which provided community-wise distribution of admission to medical colleges since 1927.[6]

Role in Constituent Assembly edit

The main architect of the Indian Constitution, B.R. Ambedkar, who also chaired the constitution's drafting committee, credited Iyer's contribution: "There were in the drafting committee men bigger, better and more competent than myself such as my friend Sir Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer."[7] When the Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise, Iyer, a member, remarked that this was done, "with an abundant faith in the common man and the ultimate success of democratic rule, and in the full belief that the introduction of democratic government on the basis of adult suffrage will bring enlightenment and promote the well-being, the standard of life, the comfort, and the decent living of the common man".[5][8] He was a part of nine committees including the Drafting and Advisory Committees.[9] In the Constituent Assembly he defended suspension of certain political rights in circumstances of national crisis.[10]

Alladi Memorial Trust edit

Alladi Memorial Trust was founded in 1983 by Alladi Kuppuswami to commemorate the birth centenary of his father Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer. It is aimed to help poor litigants, lawyers and students of law and for helping in the administration of justice. Alladi Memorial Lectures are delivered every year on issues relating to the Indian Constitution.[11] The lecturers included V. R. Krishna Iyer, Y. V. Chandrachud, P. C. Rao, Pavani Parameswara Rao, Nandita Haksar, Rama Devi and M. Jagannadha Rao.

References edit

  1. ^ Sekaram, Kandavalli Balendu (1973). The Andhras Through the Ages. Sri Saraswati Book Depot. p. 29.
  2. ^ Rao, P. Rajeswar (1991). The Great Indian Patriots. Mittal Publications. p. 106. ISBN 978-81-7099-288-2.
  3. ^ Vijaya Ramaswamy (25 August 2017). Historical Dictionary of the Tamils. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-5381-0686-0.
  4. ^ V.S, Ravi (28 September 2003). "Tribute: Legal Luminary". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 12 September 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  5. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam (ed.). India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 191.
  6. ^ "The State Of Madras vs Srimathi Champakam ... on 9 April, 1951".
  7. ^ "The legacy of BR A ts/legacy-br-ambedkar-308". Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Constituent Assembly Members / Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar". Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Constituent Assembly of India Debates (Proceedings) - Volume IX". Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  11. ^ Alladi Memorial Lectures by M. Hidayatullah and S. Ranganathan, 2009 Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine ISBN 978-81-89487-56-0

Further reading edit

  • Austin, G. 1966. The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

External links edit

  1. Article in the Hindu by V.S. Ravi, grandson of Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer