Alibaba Cloud

Alibaba Cloud (Chinese: 阿里云; pinyin: Ālǐyún; lit. 'Ali Cloud'), also known as Aliyun, is a cloud computing company, a subsidiary of Alibaba Group. Alibaba Cloud provides cloud computing services to online businesses and Alibaba's own e-commerce ecosystem. Its international operations are registered and headquartered in Singapore.[1]

Alibaba Cloud
Type of site
Key people
IndustryCloud Computing, Web Services
ParentAlibaba Group
LaunchedSeptember 2009; 12 years ago (2009-09)
Current statusActive

Alibaba Cloud offers cloud services that are available on a pay-as-you-go basis, and include Elastic Compute, Data Storage, Relational Databases, Big-Data Processing, Anti-DDoS protection and Content Delivery Networks (CDN).

It is the largest cloud computing company in China,[2] and in Asia Pacific according to Gartner.[3] Alibaba Cloud operates data centers in 24 regions and 74 availability zones around the globe.[4] As of June 2017, Alibaba Cloud is placed in the Visionaries' quadrant of Gartner's Magic Quadrant for Cloud Infrastructure as a Service, Worldwide.


  • September 2009 – Alibaba Cloud is founded and R&D centers and operation centers are subsequently opened in Hangzhou, Beijing, and Silicon Valley.
  • November 2010 – Supported the first Single's Day (11.11) Taobao shopping festival, with 2.4 billion PV in 24 hours.
  • November 2012 – Became the first Chinese cloud service provider to pass ISO27001:2005 (Information Security Management System).
  • January 2013 – Merged with HiChina for business.
  • August 2013 – ApsaraDB architecture supported 5000 physical machines in a single cluster.
  • December 2014 – Defended a 14-hour long DDoS attack, peaking at 453.8Gbit/s.[5]
  • May 2014 – Hong Kong data center went online.
  • October 2015 – Two US data centers went online.
  • July 2015 – Alibaba Group invested a further US$1 billion to Alibaba Cloud.[6]
  • August 2015 – Alibaba Cloud's first Singapore data center opened. Singapore is announced as Alibaba Cloud's overseas headquarters.
  • October 2015 – MaxCompute took the lead of the Sort Benchmark, sorting 100TB data in 377s compared with Apache Spark's previous record of 1406s.[7]
  • October 2015 – Alibaba Cloud Computing Conference was held in Hangzhou and attracted over 20,000 developers.
  • November 2015 – Supported the 11.11 shopping festival with a record of $14.2 billion transactions in 24 hours.
  • April 2016 – Alibaba Cloud partnered with SK Holdings C&C to provide cloud services to Korean and Chinese companies.
  • May 2016 – Alibaba Group and SoftBank formalized joint venture to launch cloud services in Japan that utilize technologies and solutions from Alibaba Cloud.
  • June 2016 – Alibaba Cloud expanded its data center operations in Singapore with the establishment of a second availability zone. Alibaba Cloud also achieved two new certifications overseas: Singapore Multi-Tier Cloud Security (MTCS) standard Level 3, and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS).
  • November 2016 - Alibaba Cloud partnered with Vodafone Germany for Data Center operation and to provide cloud services to German and European companies.[8][9]
  • January 2017 – Alibaba became the official cloud services provider of the Olympics.[10]
  • February 2017 - Became Founding Member of the EU Cloud Code of Conduct.[11]
  • June 2017 – Alibaba Cloud is placed in the Visionaries quadrant of Gartner's Magic Quadrant for Cloud Infrastructure as a Service, Worldwide.[12]
  • July 2017 – Alibaba Cloud official website is changed from to[13]
  • September 2017 – Alibaba Cloud partners with Malaysia's Fusionex to provide cloud solutions in Southeast Asia.[14]
  • October 2017 – Alibaba Cloud partners with Elastic and launches a new service called Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch.[15]
  • October 2017 - Alibaba Cloud Malaysia data center commences operations.[16]
  • December 2017 - Alibaba Cloud India data center commences operations.[17]
  • December 2017 - Alibaba Cloud received the C5 standard certification from German Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) for its datacenters in Germany and Singapore.[18]
  • February 2018 - Alibaba Cloud Indonesia data center commences operations.[19]
  • June 8 2021 - Alibaba Cloud Further Expands its Asia Footprint with First Data Center in the Philippines[20]

Data Center RegionsEdit

Alibaba Cloud has 24 regional data centres globally, including China North, China South, China East, US West, US East, Europe, United Kingdom, Middle East, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, India, and Indonesia.

The Data Center in Germany is operated by Vodafone Germany (Frankfurt)[8][9] and certified with C5.


Alibaba Cloud provides cloud computing IaaS, PaaS, DBaaS and SaaS, including services such as e-commerce, big data, Database, IoT, Object storage (OOS), Kubernetes[21] and data customization which can be managed from Alibaba web page or using aliyun command line tool.

Cloud Computing ServicesEdit

  • Alibaba Cloud Elastic Compute Service (ECS) provides fast memory and the latest Intel CPUs to power cloud applications and achieve faster results with low latency.
  • Elastic GPU Service s a GPU-based computing service ideal for scenarios such as deep learning, video processing, scientific computing, and visualization. EGS solutions use the following GPUs: AMD FirePro S7150, NVIDIA Tesla M40, NVIDIA Tesla P100, NVIDIA Tesla P4, and NVIDIA Tesla V100.
  • Dedicated Host Provides cloud hosts whose physical resources are dedicated to individual tenants.
  • ECS Bare Metal Instance (EBM) Combines the elasticity of virtual machines and the performance and features of physical machines without virtualization overheads.
  • Elastic High Performance Computing (E-HPC) Supports Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) with high-performance CPU instances and heterogeneous computing GPU instances, Platform as a Service (PaaS) with high-performance computing software stacks, and Software as a Service (SaaS) customized based on application templates.


Storage & DatabasesEdit

  • Elastic Block Storage - Block-level data storage attached to ECS instances to achieve high performance, low latency, and high reliability.
  • Cloud Storage - Object storage with integrated edge caching to store unstructured data.
  • Hybrid Cloud Storage Array
  • Cloud Database Dedicated Cluster (CDDC) - Autonomous and controllable database service cluster on Alibaba Cloud.
  • On-Line Transaction Processing (OLTP) - Comprehensive relational transactional database products on Alibaba Cloud.
  • NoSQL - Semi-structure or non-structured databases built for superior performance.
  • On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) - World leading cloud data warehouse and data lake services built for extreme fast analytics.

[23] [24]

Cloud Networking and CDNEdit

  • VPN Gateway - An Internet-based service that establishes a connection between a VPC and on-premise data center.
  • Cloud Enterprise Network - A comprehensive set of virtual networking capabilities that provide customers multi-region networking on the cloud. The product facilitates communication between VPC to VPC and VPC to IDC.
  • Virtual Private Cloud - Provides an isolated cloud network to operate resources in a secure environment. Build your isolated network environment based on Alibaba Cloud including customizing the IP address range, network segment, route table, and gateway.
  • PrivateLink -Secure, convenient, and private connections to services on Alibaba Cloud.
  • Server Load Balancer - Distributes traffic among multiple instances to improve the service capabilities of your applications. You can use SLB to prevent single point of failures (SPOFs) and improve the availability and the fault tolerance capability of your applications.
  • CDN - A scalable and high-performance content delivery service for accelerated distribution of content to users across the globe



AnalyticDB was first released in May, 2018,[26] and the latest version 3.0 was released in 2019[27]

On April 26, 2019, TPC published TPC-DS benchmark result of AnalyticDB.

In 2019, a paper about the system design of AnalyticDB was published in VLDB conference 2019.[28]

Academic PartnerEdit

In 2017, Alibaba Cloud and the Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS) jointly launched a university-accredited entrepreneurship program for tertiary students.[29]

List of Academic Alliances:


  1. ^ "10 Years of Cloud Intelligence: How Will Alibaba Change the Future of Cloud Computing?". Alibaba Cloud Community. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  2. ^ Eileen Yu (2017-08-18). "Alibaba's fiscal 2017 revenue climbs 56 percent on cloud, mobile commerce growth | ZDNet". ZDNet. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
  3. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Ranked First in Asia Pacific(*) by Gartner Market Share: IT Services in IaaS and IUS". 2019-04-24. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  4. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Global Locations". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  5. ^ "PCCW Global and Alibaba Cloud expand strategic cooperation to collaboratively protect businesses against cyber attacks". 2016-08-25. Archived from the original on 2017-08-19. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  6. ^ Barb Darrow. "Alibaba backs Aliyun cloud with another billion dollars". Fortune. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  7. ^ Hang Zhi Cheng (2015-10-30). "AliCloud Technology Sets World Sorting Records Company's FuxiSort solution sorts 100TB of data in 377 seconds". The Tech Revolutionist. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  8. ^ a b "Markteintritt in Europa: Alibaba Cloud setzt auf Rechenzentrum von Vodafone Deutschland - Vodafone Medien". Vodafone Medien (in German). 2016-11-21. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  9. ^ a b "Vodafone Partnership". Retrieved 2018-07-10.
  10. ^ Fitz Tepper (2017-01-19). "Alibaba is now the official cloud services provider of the Olympics". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  11. ^ "History: EU Cloud CoC". Retrieved 2021-08-22.
  12. ^ Jordan Novet (2017-06-15). "Alibaba just got a huge vote of confidence in the cloud war against Amazon and Microsoft". CNBC. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  13. ^ "Alibaba Cloud International Website Official Domain Name Change". 2017-07-04. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  14. ^ "Alibaba Cloud partners with Malaysia's Fusionex to provide cloud solutions in Southeast Asia".
  15. ^ "Alibaba Cloud to Offer Elasticsearch, Kibana, and X-Pack in China".
  16. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Malaysia Data Center Commences Operations".
  17. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Opens New Data Center in India |". 2017-12-19. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  18. ^ "BSI - Presseinformationen des BSI - Cloud Computing: C5-Testat an Alibaba Cloud". Retrieved 2019-07-07.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ Yu, Eileen. "Alibaba opens data centre in Indonesia | ZDNet". ZDNet. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  20. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Further Expands its Asia Footprint with First Data Center in the Philippines". Retrieved 2021-06-23.
  21. ^ "kubernetes解决方案". Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  22. ^ "Cloud Computing Services Products - Alibaba Cloud". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  23. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Storage: Intelligent Storage Service". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  24. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Database Services Empower Your Business". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  25. ^ "Networking: Secure Network Deployment In 23 Global Regions". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  26. ^ Cloud, Alibaba (2018-05-24). "New Product Launch: Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB". Medium. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  27. ^ "Analyticdb for MySQL: Pb level cloud data warehouse core technology and scenario analysis". Develop Paper. 2019-10-26. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  28. ^ "AnalyticDB: Real-time OLAP Database System at Alibaba Cloud" (PDF).
  29. ^ Alibaba Cloud (2017-09-06). "SUSS and Alibaba Cloud to Spur Entrepreneurship With New Accredited Program". Retrieved 2018-05-26.

See alsoEdit