In 1943, he defended his Ph.D. thesis on “Obtaining Hexamethylenetetramine (urotropine) from Natural Gas”. In 1945, the Synthesis of Additives Laboratory was organized in Azerbaijan Scientific-Research Institute of Oil-Processing. Guliyev headed this laboratory. As a result of experiments by him and his team, lubricating additives, Az.SRI depressor and Az.SRI -4 were applied in industry for the first time in the Soviet Union. In 1948 and 1951, Guliyev and his team of were awarded two Stalin Prizes (later renamed to The USSR State Prize) for these developments.
Guliye trained many other scientists. From 1951 to 1960 he was the Chair of Organic Chemistry in Baku State University. From 1960 to 1974, he chaired the department. In 1958, Guliyev was elected a correspondent member of Azerbaijan, and in 1959, academician of AS of Azerbaijan.
Guliyev was elected as a member of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR in VIII and IX convocations. He received 2 Stalin Prizes and 1 State Prize. He was awarded 2 orders of the Red Banner of Labour, 3 orders of Badge of Honor and medals, 6 honorary diplomas of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR, 2 golden and 4 silver medals of VDNKh of USSR. The Institute of Chemistry of Additives of AS of Azerbaijan was named after him.
- Cavadova, Həqiqət (7 November 2012). "Görkəmli kimyaçı alim haqqında kitab". anl.az. Azərbaycan qəzeti. p. 7. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
- Кулиев Али Муса-оглы — biografija.ru
- "КУЛИЕВ Али Муса оглы". persons-info.com. Retrieved 2019-03-09.
- “Akademik Əli Quliyev adına mükafat”ın növbəti qalibi müəyyənləşdiriləcək(in Azerbaijani)