Alhaiya Bilaval

(Redirected from Alhaiya Bilawal)

Alhaiya Bilaval is a Hindustani classical raga. It is the most commonly performed raga of a large group of ragas that are mainly based on a scale more or less identical to the Western major scale. For this reason, that scale itself is known as the Bilaval Thaat. It is often simply referred to as Bilaval, although in the 17th century Alhaiya and Bilaval may have been separate ragas. Alhaiya Bilaval is a raga in which M is the main key.

Alhaiya Bilaval
Time of dayEarly Morning (Din ka Pratham Prahar-4 a.m-8a.m
ArohanaS GR G P ND N S'
AvarohanaS' ND n D P M G MR S
PakadG R G P m G m R G P D n D P
SynonymAlhaiya Bilawal

The Indian National Anthem Jana Gana Mana is sung in the raga Gaud Sarang.[citation needed] It is believed that the National Anthem of India is sung in raga Alhaiya Bilaval[1] but this is not the case. There is a svara that changes the raga of Jana Gana Mana. In the national anthem, the tivra Madhyam svara is used. Raga Alhaiya Bilaval does not employ the tivra Madhyama svara; raga Alhaiya Bilaval is the raga of all Shuddha Svaras and no other types of svaras.[2] Raga Gaud Sarang has the tivra Madhyama svara.[3]


Thaat: Bilaval

Arohana, Avarohana and PakadEdit

Arohana: S GR G P ND N S'

Avarohana: S' ND n D P M G MR S

Pakad: G R G P m G m R G P m G m R S

Vadi and SamavadiEdit

Vadi: dha

Samavadi: ga

Komal Swar: N (Vakra) in Avarohana

Varjit Swar: M in Arohana

Related ragasEdit

Alhaiya Bilaval is referred to as Bilaval, however, the Wikipedia page refers to Shuddha Bilaval as Bilaval. Bilaval, Shuddha Bilawal, Devgiri Bilawal, Shukla Bilawal, Kakubh Bilawal[4]


Late Morning, 9 AM to 12 noon


Shaant Rasa (peaceful).


  1. ^ India Today Web Desk New (December 27, 2018). "Lesser known facts on Jana Gana Mana, India's National Anthem". India Today. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Raag Alhaiya Bilawal – Hindustani Classical Music –". Archived from the original on 8 August 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  3. ^ Archived 1 July 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Bor 1999


Bor, Joep (ed). Rao, Suvarnalata; der Meer, Wim van; Harvey, Jane (co-authors) The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Zenith Media, London: 1999.

External linksEdit