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Alfred Burton Greenwood (July 11, 1811 – October 4, 1889) was an attorney and a politician; he was elected to the United States and Confederate congresses as a Democrat. In 1859 he was appointed under President James Buchanan as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and resigned when Arkansas seceded from the Union in 1861.

Early life and educationEdit

Greenwood was born in Franklin County, Georgia.


He moved to Arkansas as a young man. After establishing himself, he went into politics and was elected to two terms in the Arkansas legislature. He was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives from Arkansas, and served from March 4, 1853, to March 3, 1859. He was appointed in 1859 as Commissioner of Indian Affairs by President James Buchanan.

With the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Greenwood was elected to the Congress of the Confederate States from Arkansas and served as such for the duration of the war. In 1864 he was appointed tax collector for Arkansas.

He died in Bentonville, Arkansas.

Legacy and honorsEdit

Both Greenwood, Arkansas, and Greenwood County, Kansas, are named after him.


  • United States Congress. "Alfred B. Greenwood (id: G000436)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Greenwood County Historical Society (Greenwood County, Kan.) (1986). The History of Greenwood County, Kansas (Vol 1), p. 25. Josten's Publications, Wichita, Kan.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
District created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
Thomas C. Hindman