Alfred Aholo Apaka, Jr. (March 19, 1919 – January 30, 1960) was a Hawaiian singer whose romantic baritone voice was closely identified with Hawaii between the late 1940s and the early 1960s. Alfred Apaka was arguably the foremost interpreter of Hapa haole music, which melded Hawaiian music with traditional pop music arrangements and English lyrics to convey Polynesian imagery and themes.
|Birth name||Alfred Aholo Apaka Jr.|
|Born||March 19, 1919|
|Died||January 30, 1960 (aged 40)|
Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
Hapa haole music
|Labels||Decca, Bell Records, Aloha Records, Capitol, Hawaiian Village, ABC-Paramount|
|Associated acts||Hawaii Calls |
Alfred Apaka was born in Honolulu, Hawaii to vocalist Alfred Aholo Apaka, Sr. He was of Chinese, Portuguese, and Hawaiian ancestry. He was a great-grandson of Luther Aholo and grandnephew of Lydia Kaʻonohiponiponiokalani Aholo. Alfred was a graduate of President Theodore Roosevelt High School where he was an athlete and ROTC cadet captain. The family lived for a short time on Molokai but returned to Oahu.
A 1938 Royal Hawaiian Hotel engagement with Don McDiarmid was Apaka's first professional performance, followed by an engagement with Ray Kinney, and a tour of the mainland. Apaka's band played up and down the Pacific coast of the United States 1946-1949. In 1951, Apaka became established at the Moana Hotel in Waikiki.
Joe Glaser, Louis Armstrong's manager, and Jay Faggen signed on as his talent agents and Apaka was groomed to become a mainstream crooner competing with the likes of Bing Crosby. He joined Crosby's label, Decca Records, in 1950. Bob Hope first saw Apaka performing at a luau at Don the Beachcomber's in Waikiki in 1952. Apaka performed on many Hope and Crosby radio and television broadcasts as well as two appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1957. One month prior to his death, Apaka paid a visit to NBC in Los Angeles for a guest spot on The Dinah Shore Chevy Show on December 6, 1959.
When Kaiser built his Hawaiian Village, he specifically created its Tapa Showroom exclusively for Alfred Apaka. It was a running gag that Kaiser so loved Apaka as his own son that he planned to buy the island of Molokai and rename it "Apaka Island." Kaiser established Hawaiian Village Records, supposedly to record many local talents, but initially only naming the first Christmas release of an Apaka package.
Apaka was a regular on the enormously popular syndicated radio program Hawaii Calls, produced by Webley Edwards. The radio program was heard around the world and helped to propel Apaka's career worldwide.
The Decca Records release "The Best of Alfred Apaka" noted the following information in the album's liner notes:
"Alfred Aloha Apaka (1919–1960) was one of the influential performers in the history of Hawaii's popular music. Although he recorded for less than a decade, Apaka set the standards for modern Hawaiian music with his joyful, baritone vocals and highly entertaining performances. In his book, Hawaiian Music and Musicians, George Kanahele wrote that Apaka was "the possessor of one of the most remarkable voices to come out of Hawaii. A natural, untrained, voice, it was strong, masculine and agile.....a delicate instrument that could range from B flat to E in pianissimo." Apaka inherited his musical skills from his great aunt, Lydia Ahola, the [hānai] daughter of Queen Lilioukalani. In an interview with The Honolulu Sun Bulletin, Apaka's son, Jeff, who also became an entertainer, said, "I like to think that Dad's musical training came in a direct line from the queen." During the 1940s, Apaka performed with several orchestras including Don McDiamond's Royal Hawaiian Hotel house band and Ray Kenney's band in New York. Overheard by Bob Hope while singing at a luau in Honolulu, Apaka became a regular guest on Hope's radio and television shows. Although many predicted that he would become a successful mainstream vocalist, Apaka took a different route when he convinced multimillionaire Henry Kaiser to build a hotel, The Hawaiian Village, that included a showroom where he starred in his own extravagant revue. Apaka's energetic performances soon made the hotel an essential tourist attraction, and his popularity continued to grow. Plans for a nationally broadcast television special were finalized in February 1960. A few days later, however, Apaka suffered a fatal heart attack while playing hand ball."
Alfred Apaka died suddenly in 1960, aged 40, while playing handball at the YMCA. He was buried with a microphone in his hand. His elaborate final resting place is at Diamond Head Memorial Park.
Awards and recognitionEdit
1995 Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame
1997 Alfred Apaka statue, by artist Kim Duffett, Hilton Hawaiian Village
2009  Hawaii Hospitality Hall of Fame
- "Alfred Aholo Apaka Jr". Square One.org. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
- "Aholo, Lydia Kaonohiponiponiokalani". Kamehameha Schools. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Berger, John (October 1998). "The Magnetic Alfred Apaka". Hawaii Magazine. Archived from the original on 2009-01-14. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- Allen, Robert C (2004). Creating Hawaii Tourism. Bess Press, Inc. p. 210. ISBN 978-1-57306-206-0.
- Burlingame, Burl (1997-03-17). "Tribute to Alfred". Honolulu Star Bulletin. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- Johnson, Erskine (3 September 1957). "Hollywood Today". Park City Daily News.
- "Kaiser to Enter Disk Business via Own Label". Billboard. Billboard (27 October 1956): 18.
- "Final Rites". Ocala Star-Banner. 7 February 1960.
- "Honoree Alfred Apaka". Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
- "Apaka Final Resting Place". Find A Grave. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
- Petrello, Randi (7 October 2009). "HHHF". Pacific Business News. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- Hoffman, Frank (2004). Encyclopedia of Recorded Sound (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities). Routledge. p. 1320. ISBN 978-0-415-93835-8.
- Kanahele, George S.; Berger, John, eds. (2012) . Hawaiian Music & Musicians (2nd ed.). Honolulu, HI, USA: Mutual Publishing, LLC. ISBN 9781566479677. OCLC 808415079.[page needed]
- Todaro, Tony (1974). The Golden Years of Hawaiian Entertainment. Tony Todaro Pub. ASIN: B000TA2GNA.