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Alexander Poynton

Alexander Poynton OBE (8 August 1853 – 9 January 1935) was an Australian politician. He held ministerial office under Prime Minister Billy Hughes, serving as Treasurer (1916–1917), Minister for Home and Territories (1920–1921), and Postmaster-General (1921–1923).


Alexander Poynton

Alexander Poynton - Broothorn Studios (cropped).jpg
Postmaster-General of Australia
In office
21 December 1921 – 5 February 1923
Prime MinisterBilly Hughes
Preceded byGeorge Wise
Succeeded byWilliam Gibson
Minister for Home and Territories
In office
3 February 1920 – 21 December 1921
Prime MinisterBilly Hughes
Preceded byPaddy Glynn
Succeeded byGeorge Pearce
Treasurer of Australia
In office
14 November 1916 – 16 February 1917
Prime MinisterBilly Hughes
Preceded byWilliam Higgs
Succeeded byJohn Forrest
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Grey
In office
16 December 1903 – 16 December 1922
Preceded byNew seat
Succeeded byAndrew Lacey
Member of the Australian Parliament
for South Australia
In office
30 March 1901 – 16 December 1903
Preceded byNew seat
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Personal details
Born(1853-08-08)8 August 1853
Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia
Died9 January 1935(1935-01-09) (aged 81)
Toorak Gardens, South Australia, Australia
Political partyInd. Labor (1893–1901)
Free Trade (1901–02)
Labor (1902–16)
National Labor (1916–17)
Nationalist (1917–22)
Spouse(s)Harriet Brown
OccupationShearer, miner

Poynton was a shearer and union leader before entering politics. He served in the South Australian House of Assembly (1893–1901) as a supporter of the labour movement before winning election to the House of Representatives at the 1901 federal election. Following the Australian Labor Party split of 1916 he followed Hughes into the Nationalist Party. He lost his seat at the 1922 election.

Early lifeEdit

Poynton was born on 8 August 1853 in Castlemaine, Victoria. He was the son of Rosanna (née McFadden) and Alexander Poynton; his mother was Irish and his father was from Liverpool, England. He left school at the age of 14 and subsequently worked as a miner, station-hand, and shearer. He married Harriet Brown in Ballarat in 1880.[1]

Poynton was involved in the Australian labour movement from its beginnings. He was president of the Creswick branch of the Amalgamated Miners' Association and in 1886 became the inaugural treasurer of the Amalgamated Shearers' Union (ASU). The following year he moved to Port Augusta, South Australia, to work as an ASU organiser. He was secretary of the local branch.[2]

Colonial politicsEdit

With his support in the labour movement, Poynton unsuccessfully stood for the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Newcastle at the 1890 election, before his election to the adjacent seat of Flinders at the 1893 election, serving as an Independent Labor MP.[3] As an Independent Labor MP he attended the United Labor Party caucus meetings without being bound by its decisions, but supported it in divisions.[2]

By 1899, however, disaffection with Premier Charles Kingston led him to cross the floor with four others to defeat his ministry, citing Kingston's overbearing nature and his tardiness in implementing adequate land reforms as motives. His actions earned him a place as Commissioner for Crown Lands in the Solomon ministry in 1899, which lasted only eight days. Poynton's decisive role in ousting Kingston lost him many Labor friends.[2]

He served in the House of Assembly until 1901.[2]

Federal politicsEdit

 
Poynton in 1908 wearing a socialist rose

In 1901 Poynton successfully stood for the Australian House of Representatives in the inaugural federal election as a Free Trade Party member for the Division of South Australia (which was not divided into electorates). Though labelled a Free Trader, he was actually an Australasian National League (National Defence League) candidate. However, in 1902 he became a pledged Labor member.[2] At the 1903 election, South Australia was split into single-member electorates, and Poynton was elected as the first member for the Division of Grey in the vast northern region of South Australia.[2]

During his time in parliament Poynton served variously as a member of the royal commission on stripper harvesters, chairman of committees, Treasurer, Minister for Home and Territories and Postmaster-General. Among his political achievements was the establishment of a railway between Port Augusta and Western Australia, for which he lobbied nearly 18 years.

During fiery internal party debates on the issue of conscription during World War I, Poynton became a strong conscriptionist. Along with several other pro-conscription Labor members, he left the party in November 1916 in support of Labor leader and Prime Minister Billy Hughes to help found first the National Labor Party and later the Nationalist Party. Appointed OBE in 1920 for his work on repatriation issues, Poynton was defeated at the 1922 election.

DeathEdit

He died in Toorak Gardens and was buried in North Road Cemetery. His wife, a son and four daughters survived him.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Van Den Hoorn, Rob (1988). "Poynton, Alexander (Alec) (1853–1935)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Alexander Poynton: ADB
  3. ^ Items of news, Kalgoorlie Western Argus: Trove 22 April 1896
Political offices
Preceded by
William Higgs
Treasurer of Australia
1916–1917
Succeeded by
Sir John Forrest
Preceded by
Paddy Glynn
Minister for Home and Territories
1920–1921
Succeeded by
George Pearce
Preceded by
George Wise
Postmaster-General
1921–1923
Succeeded by
William Gibson
Parliament of Australia
New division Member for South Australia
1901–1903
Served alongside: Batchelor, Bonython,
Glynn, Holder, Kingston, Solomon
Divided into single-
member divisions
New division Member for Grey
1903–1922
Succeeded by
Andrew Lacey