Alexander City, Alabama
Alexander City, known to locals as "Alex City", is a city in Tallapoosa County, Alabama, United States, with a population of some 14,875. It has been the largest community in Tallapoosa County since 1910. It is known for Lake Martin with its 750 miles (1,210 km) of wooded shoreline and 44,000 acres (18,000 ha) of water. Lake Martin stands on the Tallapoosa River and offers boating, swimming, fishing, golfing, and camping. Many neighborhoods and luxury homes are located on the lake.
Alexander City, Alabama
The Alexander City Commercial Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 22, 2000.
Hope. Courage. Pride.
Location of Alexander City in Tallapoosa County, Alabama.
|• Mayor||Curtis "Woody" Baird |
|• Total||42.28 sq mi (109.50 km2)|
|• Land||42.00 sq mi (108.77 km2)|
|• Water||0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)|
|Elevation||705 ft (215 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||340.91/sq mi (131.62/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0112981|
The city's economy was traditionally based on the textile industry, but in recent times its economic base has become more diversified as textile jobs have gone to India.
Alexander City was incorporated in 1872 as Youngsville, after its founder James Young. In 1873, the Savannah and Memphis Railroad came to the city. The city was renamed in honor of the railroad's President Edward Porter Alexander, hero of the Battle of Gettysburg for the Confederate States. On July 20, 1897, George Richardson got lynched.
On June 13, 1902, at 1 pm, a fire broke out in the Alexander City Machine shop and destroyed much of the town. At the time, Alexander City did not have a water system and all buildings, including the telegraph office, post office and three banks were burned.
In 2015, plaintiffs represented by the Southern Poverty Law Center sued the City of Alexander and its Chief of Police Willie Robinson in federal court, alleging that they had from 2013 to 2015 operated "a modern-day debtors' prison" that unconstitutionally used its police force to arrest and detain at least 190 poor defendants who were unable to pay Municipal Court-imposed fines and costs. In 2017, the city reached a settlement, in which the city and its insurer agreed to pay $680,000 to persons illegally jailed.
Alexander City is located at (32.933157, -85.936008).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.0 square miles (101.0 km2), of which 38.8 square miles (100.5 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) (0.44%) is water.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Alexander City has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. 
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Alexander City first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as an incorporated city. At that time, it was the largest community in the county (though would lose the distinction to Dadeville for 1890–1900, reclaiming the title and holding it since 1910).
Alexander City was the principal city of the former Alexander City Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covered Coosa and Tallapoosa counties and had a combined population of 53,677 at the 2000 census. The micropolitan statistical area was removed in 2013 by the United States Office of Management and Budget.
At the 2000 census there were 15,008 people in 6,152 households, including 4,134 families, in the city. The population density was 386.6 people per square mile (149.3/km2). There were 6,855 housing units at an average density of 176.6 per square mile (68.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.56% White, 28.37% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 0.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 6,152 households 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 30.3% of households were one person and 13.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.94.
The age distribution was 24.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.6 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 78.3 men.
The median household income was $29,309 and the median family income was $38,881. Males had a median income of $30,392 versus $20,705 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,305. About 15.0% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.
At the 2010 census there were 14,875 people in 6,064 households, including 4,050 families, in the city. The population density was 383.4 people per square mile (148.0/km2). There were 6,834 housing units at an average density of 176.1 per square mile (68/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.2% White, 32.0% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 3.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 4.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 6,064 households 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 20.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 29.7% of households were one person and 13.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.95.
The age distribution was 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% 65 or older. The median age was 39.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.8 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 90.9 men.
The median household income was $34,782 and the median family income was $44,455. Males had a median income of $34,515 versus $31,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,097. About 17.0% of families and 20.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.
Youngville/Alexander City Precinct/Division (1870-)Edit
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The beat (precinct) containing Alexander City first appeared on the 1870 U.S. Census as "Youngville" (2nd beat of Tallapoosa County), which was the prior name of Alexander City. In 1880, the 2nd beat of Youngville and the 1st beat of Gold Branch reported a combined population, as neither was returned separately. Beginning in 1890, the name was changed to the Alexander (2nd) Precinct (not "Alexander City"). The precinct name would not change until 1950 when it reported as Alexander City. In 1960, Alexander City precinct was changed to census division as part of a general reorganization of counties.
Alexander City uses a mayor-council government. The government consists of a mayor who is elected at large. The city council consists of six members who are elected from one of six districts.
The city has a police department.
In 2016, Mayor Charles Shaw and his wife were charged with assault following a council meeting brawl with a member of the city council. Following a bench trial, the mayor was convicted of misdemeanor third-degree assault, but his wife was acquitted. The mayor was given a suspended sentence of 30 days in jail and one year of unsupervised probation.
Alexander City Public Schools are part of the Alexander City Schools district.
Schools in the district include Jim Pearson Elementary School, Nathaniel H. Stephens Elementary School, William L. Radney Elementary School, Alexander City Middle School and Benjamin Russell High School.
Dr. J. Darrell Cooper is the Superintendent of Schools.
Russell Corporation, maker of Russell Athletic, Cross Creek, Jerzees, and Country Cottons apparel, was founded in 1902 and was the largest employer in the city until around 2012. On April 17, 2006, Russell Corporation was bought by Berkshire Hathaway/Fruit of the Loom for an estimated $600 million. Since about 1998, the number of workers employed by Russell Corporation in Alex City has been steadily declining. More than 6,500 jobs have been lost as most operations have moved offshore and management is now headquartered in Bowling Green, Kentucky. As of 2012[update], most of the manufacturing has been closed in Alex City and the majority of buildings are empty.
T.C. Russell Field Airport (KALX), off U.S. Highway 280 adjacent to the Airport Industrial Park, is owned and maintained by the City of Alexander City. KALX does not provide scheduled passenger services. The nearest major airports are Birmingham and Montgomery.
Alexander City has no railway station. The nearest rail passenger services are provided at Anniston, which is served daily by Amtrak's The Crescent to Washington DC, Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York.
Alexander City has no scheduled intercity bus service. There is a service provided by Arise Transportation that schedules one stop rides with a 24-hour advance notice.
Alexander City Post Office (ZIP code: 35010)
The Avondale Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 9, 2005.
Built in 1890, the Reuben Herzfeld House was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 22, 1995.
Alexander City First Baptist Church (Established in 1872)
Alexander City First United Methodist Church (Established in 1872)
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- History Archived 2008-12-21 at the Wayback Machine, City of Alexander City.
- "Fire Destroys Alabama Town" (PDF). The New York Times. June 14, 1902.
- Alabama city accused of jailing poor people reaches legal settlement, AL.com (March 14, 2017).
- Foster v. City of Alexander City, Complaint, U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama (filed September 8, 2015).
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Alexander City, Alabama Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- Micropolitan Statistical Areas and Components Archived 2007-06-29 at the Wayback Machine, Office of Management and Budget, May 11, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- OMB BULLETIN NO. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas Archived 2017-01-21 at the Wayback Machine. Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/37721510v1p2ch2.pdf, 1960 AL Census
- Erin Edgemon, Alexander City mayor, wife charged with assault following council meeting brawl, AL.com (April 26, 2016).
- Erin Edgemon, Alexander City mayor guilty of assault in post-council meeting brawl, AL.com (June 29, 2016).
- "Alexander City Schools". Alexander City Schools. Retrieved 2012-06-20.
- "Airport". The City of Alexander City. Archived from the original on 30 June 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.