Aldborough (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|County||West Riding of Yorkshire|
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||West Riding of Yorkshire|
Aldborough was a small borough (not even including the whole parish of Aldborough, since Boroughbridge, also within the boundaries, was also a borough with its own two MPs), and by the time of the Reform Act it had a population only just over 500 and an electorate of less than 100. This made it a pocket borough and easy for the local landowner to dominate.
Aldborough returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) from 1558 until 1832. It was a "scot and lot" borough, meaning that any man paying the poor rate was eligible to vote.
In the 18th century, Aldborough was controlled by the Duke of Newcastle. In April 1754 Newcastle, who had just become Prime Minister, selected his junior colleague and future Prime Minister, William Pitt (Pitt the Elder), to sit as its MP. Pitt represented Aldborough for two-and-a-half years, but having fallen out with Newcastle and been dismissed from his ministry, he was forced to find a new constituency when he next needed to be re-elected to the Commons in 1756.
Members of ParliamentEdit
- Constituency created (1558)
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1558||John Gascoigne II||John Browne II|
|1559||Richard Onslow||Richard Assheton|
|1563||William Lambarde||Anthony Tailboyes |
|1571||Thomas Eynns||Barnaby Googe |
|1572||Richard Bunny II||Richard Tempest |
|1584||William Waad||David Waterhouse |
|1586||George Horsey||Ralph Hurleston |
|1588||Thomas Fairfax, 1st Lord Fairfax of Cameron||David Waterhouse |
|1593||Andrew Fisher||Edward Hancock |
|1597||Henry Bellasis||Richard Gargrave >|
|1601||Sir Edward Cecil||Richard Theakston|
|1604–1611||Sir Henry Savile||Sir Edmund Sheffield|
|1614||Sir Henry Savile||George Wetherid|
|1621||Christopher Wandesford||John Carvile|
|1624||Christopher Wandesford||John Carvile|
|1625||Richard Aldborough||John Carvile|
|1626||Richard Aldborough||John Carvile|
|1628||Henry Darley||Robert Stapleton|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
- Lambert was also elected for Pontefract, which he chose to represent. The vacancy was unfilled when the Parliament ended
- At the by-election in November 1673, the Returning Officer made a double return of Reresby and Robert Benson; the dispute was decided in Reresby's favour, and he took his seat, in April 1675.
- Sir John Reresby was declared re-elected at the general election in February 1679 but unseated on petition, Copley being elected in his place.
- Fairfax's election was voided by a resolution of the House of Commons (21 December 1696) for breaking the law in his spending on the election; the writ to hold a new election was not issued until December 1697
- A petition was raised against Dawnay's election that had not been resolved by the time the Parliament was dissolved. Dawnay had also been elected for Pontefract and, not being required to choose which constituency he would represent while there was an outstanding petition against one of the elections, sat for both boroughs throughout the Parliament
- Stanhope was also elected for Cockermouth, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Aldborough
- Pelham was also elected for Sussex, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Aldborough
- Sutton was also elected for Sandwich, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Aldborough
- Sir Richard Arden from 1788
Elections in the 1830sEdit
|Tory||Clinton James Fynes Clinton||Unopposed|
|Tory||Michael Thomas Sadler||Unopposed|
|Registered electors||c. 80|
|Tory||Clinton James Fynes Clinton||Unopposed|
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1509-1558). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1558-1603). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1604-1629). Retrieved 27 March 2019. (currently unavailable)
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1640-1660). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1660-1690). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aldborough". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- Casey, Martin. "FYNES CLINTON, Clinton James (1792-1833), of Denton Hall, Lincs.; 58 Cadogan Place, Sloane Street and 7 Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- Fisher, David R. "GRANT, Alexander Cray (1782-1854), of 6 Whitehall Gardens, Westminster, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- Fisher, David R. "MURRAY, William David, Visct. Stormont (1806-1898)". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- Harratt, Simon. "SADLER, Michael Thomas (1780-1835), of 25 Albion Street, Leeds, Yorks". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- Robert Beatson, "A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament" (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- Michael Brock,The Great Reform Act (London: Hutchinson, 1973).
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- D Englefield, J Seaton & I White, Facts About the British Prime Ministers (London: Mansell, 1995)
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) 
- J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832, England and Wales, (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig – Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
- Frederic A Youngs, Jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Volume I (London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1979)