Richard Pepper Arden, 1st Baron Alvanley

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Richard Pepper Arden, 1st Baron Alvanley PC KC (20 May 1744 – 19 March 1804) was a British barrister and Whig politician, who served as the Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas. He was a Member of Parliament from 1783 to 1801.


The Lord Alvanley

1stLordAlvanley.jpg
Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas
In office
22 May 1801 – 19 March 1804
MonarchGeorge III
Preceded byThe Lord Eldon
Succeeded bySir James Mansfield
Master of the Rolls
In office
1788–1801
MonarchGeorge III
Preceded bySir Lloyd Kenyon
Succeeded bySir William Grant
Attorney General
In office
1784–1788
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterWilliam Pitt the Younger
Preceded byLloyd Kenyon
Succeeded bySir Archibald Macdonald
Personal details
Born(1744-06-20)20 June 1744
Bredbury, England
Died19 March 1804(1804-03-19) (aged 59)
NationalityBritish
Political partyWhig
Spouse(s)
Anne Dorothea Wilbraham-Bootle
(m. 1784)
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge

BiographyEdit

He was born on 20 May 1744 in Bredbury, the son of John Arden (1709–1787),[1] and Mary Pepper, and baptised on 20 June 1744 in Stockport. Educated at The Manchester Grammar School, he matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge in November 1761[2] and received his BA in 1766.[3] Arden was admitted to the Middle Temple in 1769, and received his MA from Trinity the same year, being made a Fellow of the College shortly after.

He took chambers in Lincoln's Inn and became a close friend of William Pitt, with whom he would maintain a political alliance throughout his career. In 1776 he was made judge on the South Wales circuit. Invested as a King's Counsel in 1780, he was Solicitor General during the ministry of Shelburne, and again for a year under Pitt the Younger. At this time he entered the House of Commons as the Whig MP for Newtown, representing the seat from 1783 to 1784. In 1784 he became MP for Aldborough, and was appointed Attorney General and Chief Justice of Chester, posts he would hold until 1788.

On 4 June 1788, he was again advanced to become Master of the Rolls, and was knighted on 18 June 1788. He was also appointed to the Privy Council that year. In 1790, he left Aldborough to become MP for Hastings until 1794, and then for Bath until 1801.

In May 1801, he was appointed Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, and on 22 May 1801, was created Baron Alvanley, of Alvanley, in the County of Chester. Alvanley died on 19 March 1804 and was buried a week later in Rolls Chapel, London. His will was probated in April 1804.

Quoting from Cokayne, The Complete Peerage: "He was not a man of great oratorical powers, but possessed the qualities of intelligence, readiness and wit... It would be vain to claim any great distinction for Lord Alvanley. He was a learned lawyer and a successful politician... the few productions that remain from his pen evince refinement, taste and facility of expression."

FamilyEdit

 
The grave of Anne, Lady Alvanley, Holyrood Abbey

On 9 September 1784, Arden married Anne Dorothea Wilbraham-Bootle (1757-1825), daughter of Richard Wilbraham-Bootle and Mary Bootle.[4] Their children were:

Coat of arms of Richard Pepper Arden, 1st Baron Alvanley
 
Crest
Out of a ducal coronet Or five ostrich feathers Argent charged with a crescent Gules.
Escutcheon
Gules three cross-crosslets fitchée Or on a chief of the second a crescent of the first.
Supporters
Two talbots the dexter Argent collared Gules thereon three arrows of the first the sinister Sable thereon three arrows Gules.
Motto
Patientiâ Vinces [7]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ricard Parkinson,The Private Journal and Literary Remains of John Byrom,Vol II Part II, Chetham Society, Printed for the Chetham society, 1857. p. 642
  2. ^ Arden's DNB entry has him at Manchester Grammar from 1752 to 1763, and entering Trinity College in October 1763. However, these dates do not agree with Venn's Alumni Cantabrigienses or with ODNB.
  3. ^ "Arden, Richard Pepper (ARDN761RP)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. ^ Edmund Lodge, The Peerage of the British Empire as at Present Existing (Saunders and Otley, 1833), 17.
  5. ^ A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, 22nd edition, Sir Bernard Burke, Harrison & Sons, 1860, p. 1117
  6. ^ The History and Antiquities of the Parish of Darlington, W. H. D. Longstaffe, J. Henry Parker (London), 1854, p. 389
  7. ^ Burke's Peerage. 1850.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  • Hutchinson, John (1902). "Arnould, Sir Joseph" . A catalogue of notable Middle Templars, with brief biographical notices (1 ed.). Canterbury: the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple. p. 6.


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Barrington
Henry Dundas
Member of Parliament for Newtown
1783–1784
With: John Barrington
Succeeded by
John Barrington
James Worsley
Preceded by
Sir Samuel Fludyer, Bt
John Gally Knight
Member of Parliament for Aldborough
17841790
With: John Gally Knight
Succeeded by
John Gally Knight
Trench Chiswell
Preceded by
John Dawes
John Stanley
Member of Parliament for Hastings
1790–1794
With: John Stanley
Succeeded by
John Stanley
Robert Saunders-Dundas
Preceded by
Viscount Bayham
Viscount Weymouth
Member of Parliament for Bath
1794–1801
With: Viscount Weymouth
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Bath
1801
With: Lord John Thynne
Succeeded by
Lord John Thynne
John Palmer
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Lee
Solicitor General
1782–1783
Succeeded by
John Lee
Preceded by
James Mansfield
Solicitor General
1783–1784
Succeeded by
Archibald Macdonald
Preceded by
Lloyd Kenyon
Attorney General
1784–1788
Succeeded by
Sir Archibald Macdonald
Preceded by
Sir Lloyd Kenyon
Master of the Rolls
1788–1801
Succeeded by
Sir William Grant
Preceded by
The Lord Eldon
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
1801–1804
Succeeded by
Sir James Mansfield
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Alvanley
1801–1804
Succeeded by
William Arden