Albert Kwesi Ocran

Brigadier Albert Kwesi Ocran (21 July 1929 – March 2019) was a soldier and politician. He was a member of the Presidential Commission of Ghana between 1969 and 1970. He is a former Chief of the Defence Staff of the Ghana Armed Forces and was a member of the National Liberation Council (NLC) military government in Ghana.

Albert Kwesi Ocran
Member of Presidential Commission
In office
3 September 1969 – 7 August 1970
PresidentLt. Gen. Akwasi Afrifa
Prime MinisterKofi Abrefa Busia
Member of NLC
In office
24 February 1966 – 1 October 1969
PresidentLt. Gen. J. A. Ankrah
Lt. Gen. Akwasi Afrifa
Personal details
Born(1929-07-21)21 July 1929
Brakwa, Central Region, Gold Coast (now Ghana)[1]
DiedMarch 2019 (aged 89)[2]
NationalityGhanaian
ProfessionSoldier
CabinetNational Liberation Council member
Military service
AllegianceGhana
Branch/serviceGhana army
RankLieutenant General
CommandsChief of the Defence Staff
PresidentVeterans Association of Ghana

CareerEdit

Ocran was commissioned as an officer in the Gold Coast Regiment of the United Kingdom's Royal West African Frontier Force in 1954. He later rose to become a Colonel in the Ghana army after independence. He was the commander of the First Infantry Brigade of the army now known as the Southern Command at the time of the coup d'état of 1966.[3] He was promoted to Brigadier following the coup and made Chief of Army Staff, a position he held for six months.[3][4] He was reappointed Chief of Army Staff in May 1967.[4] He was promoted to the position of Chief of the Defence Staff in November 1968 and continued as such until November 1969.[5]

PoliticsEdit

The then Colonel Ocran came into national prominence with his involvement in the first coup d'état in Ghana. This led to the overthrow of the Convention People's Party (CPP) government of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah on February 24, 1966. After the coup, he was one of the eight members of the National Liberation Council (NLC), which replaced the Nkrumah government.

He was promoted to Brigadier as well as becoming a member of the new NLC military government.[3] After the parliamentary election of 1969, Ocran became one of three members of an interim Presidential Commission which ushered in the second republic. The other members were John Willie Kofi Harlley, the Inspector General of Police of the Ghana Police Service and Lt. Gen. Akwasi Afrifa who was the chairman. He remained on the commission till it was dissolved in August 1970.[6] The commission was replaced by an interim ceremonial president, Nii Amaa Ollennu.[7]

Life after politicsEdit

Ocran became the president of the Veterans Association of Ghana. He is also one of the people honoured by president John Kufuor in 2006.[8]

PublicationsEdit

  • Ocran, Albert Kwesi (1968). A Myth Is Broken: An Account of the Ghana Coup d'Etat of 24th February 1966. New York: Humanities Press.
  • Ocran, Albert Kwesi (1977). Dennis Austin and Robin Luckham (ed.). Politics of the Sword: A Personal Memoir on Military Involvement in Ghana and of Problems of Military Government. London: Rex Collings.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ West Africa. West Africa Publishing Company. 1966.
  2. ^ Albert Kwesi Ocran's obituary
  3. ^ a b c Kraus, Jon (April 1966). "Ghana Without Nkrumah: The Men In Charge". Africa Report. Archived from the original on 19 May 2007. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  4. ^ a b "Past Army Commanders / Chiefs of Army Staff". Official website. Ghana Armed Forces. February 2008. Archived from the original on 16 October 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  5. ^ "Past General Officers Commanding /chiefs of the Defence Staff". Official website. Ghana Armed Forces. February 2008. Archived from the original on 16 October 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  6. ^ "The National Liberation Council and the Busia Years, 1966-71". Ghana: A Country Study. United States Library of Congress. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  7. ^ "Leaders of Ghana". Political leaders. Roberto Ortiz de Zárate. Archived from the original on 29 April 2007. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  8. ^ Robertson, Megan C. (27 March 2006). "Medals of Ghana". Orders, Decorations and Medals Website. Retrieved 24 April 2007.

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Major General C. M. Barwah
Chief of Army Staff
1966
Succeeded by
Major General C. C. Bruce
Preceded by
Major General C. C. Bruce
Chief of Army Staff
1967 – 1968
Succeeded by
Brigadier D. C. K. Amenu
Preceded by
Air Marshal Michael Akuoko Otu
Chief of the Defence Staff
1968 – 1969
Succeeded by
Major General D. K. Addo