Nii Amaa Ollennu

Raphael Nii Amaa Ollennu, JSC, FGA (21 May 1906 – 22 December 1986)[2] was a jurist and judge who became a Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana from 1955 to 1969, the acting President of Ghana during the Second Republic from 7 August 1970 to 31 August 1970 and the Speaker of the Parliament of Ghana from 1969 to 1972.


Nii Amaa Ollennu

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Nii Amaa Ollennu
President of Ghana
Acting
Second Republic
In office
7 August 1970 – 31 August 1970
Prime MinisterDr. K.A. Busia
Preceded byA.A. Afrifa
Succeeded byEdward Akufo-Addo
Speaker of the Parliament of Ghana
Second Republic
In office
1 October 1969 – 12 January 1972
Preceded byKofi Asante Ofori-Atta
(First Republic)
Succeeded byJacob Hackenburg Griffiths-Randolph
Third Republic
Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana
In office
1955–1969
Personal details
Born(1906-05-21)21 May 1906
Accra, Gold Coast[1]
Died22 December 1986(1986-12-22) (aged 80)[1]
NationalityGhana Ghanaian
Spouse(s)Nana Afua Frema
(Queen-mother of Wenchi)
Relations
ChildrenAmerley Ollennu (daughter)
Education
Profession

Early life and educationEdit

Ollennu was born in Labadi, Accra in 1906 and belonged to the Ga people.[3] His parents were Wilfred Kuma Ollennu and Salomey Anerkai Mandin Abbey.[4] Ollennu attended the middle boarding school, the Salem School at Osu .[5] He had his secondary education at Accra High School.[6] Part of his earlier education was at the Presbyterian Training College at Akropong in the Eastern Region of Ghana, where he studied pedagogy and theology.[7] He went to England to study jurisprudence at the Middle Temple, London and was called to the Bar in 1940 after having taken 18 months to complete a three year course passing with distinction - earning recognition from the Queen's Council.[8]

Legal careerEdit

The first person in his family to qualify as a lawyer, he was registered as Raphael Nii Amaa Ollennu in the Gold Coast (now Ghana) register in 1940.[8][9] He later became a puisne judge and a Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana.[8][10] He also published books on various legal topics and was an authority on traditional African land-tenure system. He was also actively involved with the General Council of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches.[11] He served as the President of the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences from 1969 to 1972.[12]

PoliticsEdit

Nii Amaa Ollennu was one of the Accra representatives in the Gold Coast Legislative Assembly during the early 1950s.[7] In 1950, he founded the National Democratic Party, becoming its leader. At the 1951 Gold Coast legislative election, the party failed to win any seats, and the following year, he led it into the Ghana Congress Party.[13][14][15] Ollennu was thus in opposition alongside Busia and Danquah to Nkrumah's Convention People's Party.

Interim President of GhanaEdit

During the second republic, Ollennu was the Speaker of the Parliament of Ghana from October 1969 to January 1972. He also became the acting president of Ghana on 7 August 1970. He was officially the chairman of the Presidential Commission. He took over from the previous military leader, Lt. Gen. Afrifa and handed over on 31 August 1970 to Edward Akufo-Addo who was elected on 31 August 1970 by an electoral college. He polled 123 votes to 35 by Edward Asafu Adjaye. This was a ceremonial presidency as executive power was held by the prime minister, Kofi Abrefa Busia. During the Second Republic of Ghana, Ollennu served as Speaker of the Parliament of Ghana.

Personal lifeEdit

Nii Amaa Ollennu married four times. His first wife was Emily Jiagge of Keta in the Volta Region whose grandfather was Togbui Tamakloe, Chief of Uti. He had two children with her: Amerley Ollennu, since 2017 ambassador in Denmark and Boni-Ashitey Ollennu, a barrister in London. He then married Charlotte Amy Sawyerr (née Mettle), the daughter of the Rev. John Josiah Mettle and Mrs. Marian Anohuma Mettle (née Harvey). They had two children together: Noni-Ashitey (Fio) and Ashitei. Mettle had five other children from another marriage. She died in 2016, aged 103 years. He then married Afua Frema Kofi Abrefa Busia, the Queenmother of Wenchi and a sister to K. A. Busia.[16]

FamilyEdit

Nii Amaa Ollennu was the cousin of Gottlieb Ababio Adom (1904 –1979), an educator, journalist and Presbyterian minister who served as the Editor of the Christian Messenger, the official newspaper of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana from 1966 to 1970.[17] Another cousin was Nathan Quao (1915 – 2005), a diplomat, educationist and public servant who became a presidential advisor to many Heads of State of Ghana.[4][18][19] Ollennu was the cousin of the Quao siblings whose progeny included Amon Nikoi (1930 – 2002), an economist and diplomat, the Governor of the Bank of Ghana from 1973 to 1977 and Finance minister from 1979 to 1981 in addition to the brothers, Nicholas T. Clerk (1930 – 2012), a former Rector of the GIMPA and George C. Clerk (1931–2019), the botanist.[4][19][20][21][22][23][24][25] Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu, a NASA robotics engineer, is Ollennu's nephew.[26]

DeathEdit

Nii Amaa Ollennu died in December 1986.[2]

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Ollennu, Nii Amaa (1962). Principles of Customary Land Law in Ghana. Law in Africa Volume 2. London: Sweet and Maxwell. OCLC 877770.
  • Humphrey, J.; Fiseer, N. A.; Ollennu, Nii Amaa (1966). The Law of Testate and Intestate Succession in Ghana. Law in Africa Volume 16. London: Sweet and Maxwell. B0000CN89R.
  • Ollennu, Nii Amaa; Gordon R. Woodman (1985). Ollennu's Principles of Customary Land Law in Ghana (2nd ed.). Birmingham: CAL Press. ISBN 978-0-9510530-0-3.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Review of Ghana Law, Volume 12 Archived 2017-09-14 at the Wayback Machine, General Legal Council, 1980.
  2. ^ a b "Rulers - Ghana". List of heads of state and heads of Government. Rulers.org. Archived from the original on 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
  3. ^ Lentz, Harris M. (4 February 2014). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Routledge. p. 317. ISBN 978-1-134-26490-2. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Nii Ollennu - Historical records and family trees - MyHeritage". www.myheritage.com. Archived from the original on 2018-02-05. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  5. ^ "Osu Salem". osusalem.org. Archived from the original on 2017-03-29. Retrieved 2017-06-24.
  6. ^ The International Who's Who 1983-84. Europa publications. 1983. p. 1026. ISBN 9780905118864.
  7. ^ a b Dr. Kwame Okoampa-Ahoofe, Jr (31 August 2006). "When Dancers play Historians and Thinkers - Part 10". Feature Article. Modern Ghana Homepage. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
  8. ^ a b c "Destined to be a Lawyer - College of Law - University of Idaho". www.uidaho.edu. Archived from the original on 2017-06-29. Retrieved 2017-09-14.
  9. ^ "Lawyers Enrolled in the Roll Books (1876 - 1997)". Official Website. Judicial Service of Ghana. Archived from the original on 2005-04-14. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
  10. ^ Archives, The National. "The Discovery Service". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2018-09-09. Retrieved 2018-09-09.
  11. ^ "Proceedings". The official record of the 20th general council of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches and the 11th assembly of the International Congregational Council held in Nairobi, Kenya, during the period 20–30 August 1970. The World Alliance of Reformed Churches. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-03-25. Dr Pradervand announced that greetings had been received, through the high commissioner of Ghana, from the Hon Justice Nii Amaa Ollennu, who was unable to attend the council because of his responsibilities in the Ghanaian government.
  12. ^ "Past Presidents". Archived from the original on 2018-09-03. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
  13. ^ "Elections in the Gold Coast". Manchester Guardian. 30 January 1951.
  14. ^ "The Gold Coast on trial: parties and personalities of the new order". The Times. 4 June 1951.
  15. ^ "Policy of new Gold Coast party". The Times. 6 May 1952.
  16. ^ "Personality Talk". Official Website. The Hawa Foundation and Organization. Archived from the original on 2007-05-02. Retrieved 2007-03-25. Mrs. Amerley Awua Asamoa"...."My father was the late Justice Nii Amaa Ollennu (a renowned Jurist and Speaker of Parliament, 2nd Republic of Ghana). My mother is Nana Afua Frema, former Queen-mother of Wenchi and direct sister of the late Dr. Kofi Abrefa Busia (Prime Minister of the 2nd Republic).
  17. ^ Obituary: The Reverend Gottlieb Ababio Adom. Accra: Presbyterian Church of Ghana, Funeral Bulletin. 29 June 1979.
  18. ^ "Nathan Quao to be given state burial on April 8". ModernGhana.com. Archived from the original on 2017-06-11. Retrieved 2017-06-11.
  19. ^ a b "Carl Clerk - Historical records and family trees - MyHeritage". www.myheritage.com. Archived from the original on 2017-04-06. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  20. ^ "Former Bank of Ghana Governor buried at La". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 21 April 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-22.
  21. ^ "Dr Amon Nikoi, Former Governor of the Bank of Ghana". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 27 October 2016. Retrieved 2017-04-22.
  22. ^ "Contact Us | Department of Botany". webcache.googleusercontent.com. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-05.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  23. ^ "Membership". gaas-gh.org. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-05.
  24. ^ "Fellowship". gaas-gh.org. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-05.
  25. ^ Obituary: The Rev. Dr. Nicholas Timothy Clerk. Accra: Christian Messenger - Presbyterian Church of Ghana, Funeral Bulletin. 27 October 2012.
  26. ^ "Five robots that are changing everything - BBC News". 2018-08-08. Archived from the original on 2018-08-08. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
Political offices
Preceded by
Kofi Asante Ofori-Atta
(1965 – 66)
Speaker of the Parliament of Ghana
Second Republic

1969 – 711
Succeeded by
Jacob Hackenburg Griffiths-Randolph
(1979 – 81)
Preceded by
Akwasi Afrifa
Military Head of state
President of Ghana
(Chair of Presidential Commission)

1970
Succeeded by
Edward Akufo-Addo
Notes and references
1.