Alamüdün (river)

The Alamüdün (Kyrgyz: Аламүдүн, Kyrgyz pronunciation: [aɫamydyn]) or Alamedin (Russian: Аламеди́н) river is a left tributary of the Chu in Northern Kyrgyzstan.[1]: p.19 

Alamüdün
Река Аламедин
Bishkek 03-2016 img20 Alamudun River.jpg
The Alamüdün in Bishkek
Native nameАламүдүн  (Kyrgyz)
Location
CountryKyrgyzstan
CityBishkek
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationKyrgyz Ala-Too
 • coordinates42°25′23″N 74°39′54″E / 42.42306°N 74.66500°E / 42.42306; 74.66500
 • elevation3,400 m (11,200 ft)
MouthChu
 • coordinates
43°00′58″N 74°40′25″E / 43.01611°N 74.67361°E / 43.01611; 74.67361Coordinates: 43°00′58″N 74°40′25″E / 43.01611°N 74.67361°E / 43.01611; 74.67361
 • elevation
135 m (443 ft)
Length78 km (48 mi)
Basin size317 km2 (122 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionChuBetpak-Dala desert

Water from the river is substantially redirected for irrigation, and the Alamüdün District of Chüy Region is named after the river.

The river is 78 kilometres (48 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 317 square kilometres (122 sq mi).[2][3] or 417 km².[1]: p.419  The average rate of water flow is 6.33  cubic meters per second,[3] with a maximum of 300 cubic meters per second and a minimum of 0.74 meters per second.

The source of the Alamüdün is a glacier on the northern slope of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too range. In the upper parts the flow is turbulent, and it passes through narrow mountain gorges. As it enters the Chüy Valley, the river bed widens and becomes less steep. The river flows through the city of Bishkek, where its channel has been reinforced with concrete barriers, from south to north.

Within the watershed of the river there are 22 small lakes with a total surface area of 0.8 km² and 53 glaciers with an area of 74.2 km².

Snow-melt in the summer (May through September) results in high waters, and low-water occurs in the winter. The river has 33 small tributaries, the largest of which is the Chungkurchak, at 19 km long.[2]

Social importEdit

There is a water draw-off at the entrance to the Alamüdün Gorge in the Chüy Valley, not far from the village of Kök-Jar.

Villages on the banks of the Alamüdün include Kök-Jar, Tash-Moynok, Besh-Künggöy, and Alamüdün.

There have been reports that the river fills with garbage.[4] It has also been reported that waste water from certain facilities has been polluting the river, making it unsafe as a source of drinking water.[5]

In July 2015, the river flooded in the village of Arashan. Relief efforts were hindered by the fact that heavy equipment could not be transported through the village due to narrow streets.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Карыпкулов, А., ed. (1994). Чүй облусу энциклопедиясы. Кыргыз Республикасынын Улуттук Илимдер Академиясы. ISBN 5-89750-083-5.
  2. ^ a b "Аламүдүн" [Alamüdün] (PDF). Кыргызстандын Географиясы [Geography of Kyrgyzstan] (in Kyrgyz). Bishkek. 2004. p. 181.
  3. ^ a b Основные гидрографические характеристики рек Чуйского бассейна
  4. ^ Река Аламедин в Бишкеке заполнена мусором
  5. ^ Река Аламедин под угрозой
  6. ^ В селе Арашан река Аламедин вышла из берегов