Chüy Valley

The Chüy Valley (Kyrgyz: Чүй өрөөнү, romanizedChüy Öröönü;[1] Kazakh: Шу аңғары, romanized: Şu añğary; Russian: Чуйская долина[2]) is a large valley located in northern Kyrgyzstan and southern Kazakhstan, in the northern part of the Tian Shan. It extends from Boom Gorge in the east to Muyunkum Desert in the west. It is 250 km (160 mi) long and has an area of about 32,000 km2 (12,000 sq mi). It borders Kyrgyz Ala-Too in the south, and Chu-Ili mountains in the north.[1] Through the Boom Gorge in the narrow eastern part Chüy Valley is linked with Issyk-Kul Valley. The river Chu (Chüy) is the major stream of the valley.[3]

Chüy Valley
Kyrgyz: Чүй өрөөнү
Kazakh: Шу аңғары
Russian: Чуйская долина
E8115-Chu-Valley.jpg
Chüy Valley
Length250 km (160 mi)
Area32,000 km2 (12,000 sq mi)
Geography
CountriesKyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan
State/ProvinceChüy Region
RiverChu (Chüy)

The warm summer and availability of drinking and irrigation water makes this area one of the most fertile and most densely populated regions of Kyrgyzstan.[4]

There are deposits of zinc ore, lead, gold, and construction materials.[5] The 2006 World Drug Report estimated that 400,000 hectares of cannabis grow wild in the Chüy Valley.[6]

ClimateEdit

The climate is sharply continental. Summers are long and hot, and winters are relatively short and cold. The average temperature of the hottest month (July) is 24.4 °C (76 °F) with a maximum of 43 °C (109 °F). The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is −5.0 °C (23.0 °F) with a minimum of −38 °C (−36 °F). The typical annual precipitation varies from 300 to 500 millimetres (12 to 20 in) in different climatic zones of the valley. Precipitation progressively increases with increasing altitude near Kyrgyz Ala-Too range. Spring and autumn are the rainiest seasons in Chüy Valley.[7]

SettlementsEdit

The following cities and towns are located in the Chüy Valley:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Чүй өрөөнү" [Chüy Valley] (PDF). Кыргызстандын Географиясы [Geography of Kyrgyzstan] (in Kyrgyz). Bishkek. 2004. p. 131–132.
  2. ^ Чуйская долина in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978 (in Russian)
  3. ^ Чүй облусу:Энциклопедия [Encyclopedia of Chüy Oblast] (in Kyrgyz and Russian). Bishkek: Chief Editorial Board of Kyrgyz Encyclopedia. 1994. p. 718. ISBN 5-89750-083-5.
  4. ^ Abazov, Rafis (2004). Historical Dictionary of Kyrgyzstan. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 105. ISBN 0-8108-4868-6.
  5. ^ Słownik Geografii ZSRR (in Polish). Warszawa: Wiedza Powszechna. 1974. p. 422.
  6. ^ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2006). 2006 World Drug Report: Analysis. United Nations Publications. pp. 2096–. ISBN 978-92-1-148214-0.
  7. ^ First National Communication of the Kyrgyz Republic under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (PDF) (Report). 2003. p. 25. Retrieved March 10, 2013.

Coordinates: 42°50′00″N 75°17′00″E / 42.8333°N 75.2833°E / 42.8333; 75.2833