Al Jarida (Arabic: الجريدة, romanizedal-Jarīdah, lit.'The Newspaper') was a liberal newspaper which was published in Cairo, Egypt, from 1907 to 1915. The paper was the official organ of the Umma Party. It was one of the publications that shaped the Egyptian nationalist culture containing the Westernized elements and was very influential during its existence.[1][2]

Al Jarida
TypeBiweekly newspaper
Owner(s)Umma Party
Political alignmentLiberal
Ceased publication1915

History and profile edit

Al Jarida was established in 1907 as a biweekly publication and claimed to be "a purely Egyptian paper" which aimed to defend the rights and interests of the Egyptians.[1][3] The first issue appeared on 9 March.[4] The paper was owned by a company with the same name of which shareholders included Ahmad Lutfi Al Sayyid, Mahmoud Suleiman, Hassan Abdel Raziq, Ibrahim Said and Mahmoud Abdel Ghaffar.[4] The paper was founded by Ahmad Lutfi Al Sayyid and Talaat Harb.[5][6] The former edited the paper between 1907 and 1911.[3][7] Mohammed Hussein Heikal replaced Al Sayyid in the post in 1911.[3]

In 1907 the Umma Party was also founded, and Al Jarida became its official media outlet.[1][8] The target audience of the paper was wealthy landowners and reformists who were close to the Umma Party.[9] Its contributors were young writers and intellectuals as well as feminists.[7] They included Taha Hussein,[10] Mohammed Hussein Heikal[5] and Malak Hifni Nasif, a woman writer and poet, who published articles using the pen name Bahithat Al Badiya (Arabic: Seeker of the Desert).[7][11] Nasif's articles were mostly on women, and she criticized the marriages between Egyptian men and European women, arguing that these marriages were not consistent with the Islamic principles and that these were examples of the "colonial occupation."[11] The paper frequently covered economy-related articles some of which were written by Talaat Harb.[6]

Al Jarida folded in 1915.[10][11] Its successors were Al Sufur and Al Siyasa.[12][13]

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Israel Gershoni (Summer 1992). "The Evolution of National Culture in Modern Egypt: Intellectual Formation and Social Diffusion, 1892–1945". Poetics Today. 13 (2): 342. doi:10.2307/1772536. JSTOR 1772536.
  2. ^ Efraim Barak (2008). "Egyptian Intellectuals in the Shadow of British Occupation". British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 35 (2): 175. doi:10.1080/13530190802180589. S2CID 159632525.
  3. ^ a b c James Jankowski (October 1980). "Ottomanism to Arabism in Egypt, 1860–1914". The Muslim World. 70 (3–4): 239, 241. doi:10.1111/j.1478-1913.1980.tb03416.x.
  4. ^ a b Walid Kazziha (1977). "The Jaridah‐Ummah group and Egyptian politics". Middle Eastern Studies. 13 (3): 380. doi:10.1080/00263207708700359.
  5. ^ a b Charles D. Smith (October 1980). "The Intellectual and Modernization: Definitions and Reconsiderations: The Egyptian Experience". Comparative Studies in Society and History. 22 (4): 518–519. doi:10.1017/S001041750000952X. S2CID 144317267.
  6. ^ a b Robert L. Tignor (October 1976). "The Egyptian Revolution of 1919: New Directions in the Egyptian Economy". Middle Eastern Studies. 12 (3): 52. doi:10.1080/00263207608700322.
  7. ^ a b c Margot Badran (1988). "The Feminist Vision in the Writings of Three Turn-of-the-Century Egyptian Women". Bulletin (British Society for Middle Eastern Studies). 15 (1–2): 13–14. doi:10.1080/13530198808705469.
  8. ^ Kristin Shawn Tassin (2014). Egyptian nationalism, 1882-1919: Elite competition, transnational networks, empire, and independence (PhD thesis). University of Texas at Austin. p. 91. hdl:2152/28411.
  9. ^ Donald M. Reid (1969). Farah Antun: The life and times of a Syrian Christian journalist in Egypt (PhD thesis). Princeton University. p. 133. ISBN 9798658704937. OCLC 49371914. ProQuest 302477754.
  10. ^ a b Sabry Hafez (2000). "Literary Innovations: Schools and Journals". Quaderni di Studi Arabi. 18: 24–25. JSTOR 25802892.
  11. ^ a b c Hanan Kholoussy (2003). "Stolen Husbands, Foreign Wives: Mixed Marriage, Identity Formation, and Gender in Colonial Egypt, 1909-1923". Hawwa. 1 (2): 216–217. doi:10.1163/156920803100420342.
  12. ^ Israel Gershoni (January 1995). "Book review". Middle Eastern Studies. 31 (1): 175. JSTOR 4283706.
  13. ^ Elisabeth Kendall (July 1997). "The Marginal Voice: Journals and the Avant-garde in Egypt". Journal of Islamic Studies. 8 (2): 220. doi:10.1093/jis/8.2.216.

External links edit