Al-ʽAl (Arabic: الْعَال‎, romanizedal-ʿĀl, trans. "the high place"), is a former Syrian village in the southern Golan Heights,[1] on the southern tributary of Wadi es-Samekh.[2] Israel occupied the area during the Six-Day War. The village was abandoned and dismantled.[1][3]

Al-ʽAl
الْعَال
Ruins of Al-‘Al
Ruins of Al-‘Al
Al-ʽAl is located in Syria
Al-ʽAl
Al-ʽAl
Al ‘Al in Syria
Coordinates: 32°48′N 35°44′E / 32.800°N 35.733°E / 32.800; 35.733Coordinates: 32°48′N 35°44′E / 32.800°N 35.733°E / 32.800; 35.733
Country Syria
GovernorateQuneitra
DistrictQuneitra
SubdistrictMas'ade
RegionGolan Heights
Elevation
366 m (1,204 ft)

During the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, the name was spelt "El Al" on French maps.

HistoryEdit

Archaeological remains of several Roman and Greek artifacts at the site gives evidence of ancient settlement.[2]

In 1812, the place was described as a "ruined village".[2] A modern village was probably established during the second half of the 19th century. In 1884 it was reported that the village contained 65 dwellings, including 320 inhabitants and was a "large, well-built village on the point of reviving".[2]

The Israeli settlement of Eliad was built nearby.[1]

During the Yom Kippur War, the Syrian 5th Infantry Division set up a defence in depth strategy at the Al ‘Al ridgeline.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c CIA map: Golan Heights and vicinity - showing Al ‘Al as an abandoned/dismantled Syrian village.
  2. ^ a b c d Dan Urman, Paul V. M. Flesher (1998). Ancient synagogues: historical analysis and archaeological discovery. Brill Publishers. pp. 569–573. ISBN 90-04-11254-5.
  3. ^ Golan map Archived 2013-08-21 at the Wayback Machine showing Al ‘Al as a destroyed Arab village.
  4. ^ Kenneth M. Pollack (2004). Arabs at war: military effectiveness, 1948–1991. University of Nebraska Press. p. 493. ISBN 0-8032-8783-6.