Aires de Saldanha

Aires de Saldanha (Santarém, Portugal, 10 May 1542 - Terceira, 19 August 1605) was a Portuguese military. He was the son of António de Saldanha, military and navigator who discovered the bay of Saldanha. He went to Portuguese India in 1558, with the viceroy Constantino of Braganza, this time serving for twelve years in the region.

Aires de Albuquerque e Saldanha
Retrato de D. Aires de Saldanha de Albuquerque,.jpg
Portrait of D. Aires de Saldanha; 1591
Viceroy of Portuguese India
In office
Governor of Tangiers
In office
17 June 1591 – 24 August 1599
Personal details
Born10 May 1542
Santarém, Kingdom of Portugal
Died19 August 1605 (1605-08-20) (aged 63)
Portuguese Empire

Captain and GovernorEdit

He returned to Portugal in 1570, where he married Joana de Albuquerque, soon after he returned to India, this time with the Viceroy Rui Lourenço de Távora. He was appointed captain of Portuguese Malacca, where he built the fort of Tidor. Returning to Portugal, he was appointed governor of Tangier, a position he held for 9 years.


In 1600, he was named 17th Viceroy of India and 34th Governor of India. During his viceroyalty, in addition to financial difficulties, had to struggle against the Dutch on several fronts, defending Cochim and Goa, and repel them in the Moluccas.


He died during his return to Portugal, near the island of Terceira, being first buried in Angra do Heroísmo, after his body was moved to Santarém.